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Algiers, Algeria

Hammoudeh M.,Cornell College | Abdulaziz S.,King Fahad Hospital | Alosaimi H.,Rheumatology Section | Al-Rayes H.,Armed Force hospital | And 8 more authors.
Journal of International Medical Research | Year: 2016

Axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) is a spectrum of inflammatory disease with stages characterized by both nonradiographic and radiographic sacroiliitis. Nonradiographic axial SpA is associated with health-related quality-of-life impairment and may progress to ankylosing spondylitis. Axial SpA has a low prevalence in some countries in North Africa and the Middle East, and pooling of data and resources is needed to increase understanding of the regional picture. Early diagnosis and effective treatment are required to reduce disease burden and prevent progression. Anti-TNF therapy is recommended for patients with persistently high disease activity despite conventional treatment, and has been shown to be effective in patients without radiographic damage. Diagnostic delays can be an obstacle to early treatment and appropriate referral strategies are needed. In some countries, restricted access to magnetic resonance imaging and anti-TNF agents presents a challenge. In this article, a group of experts from North Africa and the Middle East evaluated the diagnosis and management of axial SpA with particular reference to this region. © 2016, © The Author(s) 2016. Source

Khattab A.,Ain Shams University | Javaid A.,Lady Reading Hospital | Iraqi G.,Moulay Youssef Hospital | Alzaabi A.,Zayed Military Hospital | And 8 more authors.
Respiratory Medicine | Year: 2012

Few recent comparative data exist on smoking habits in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The objective of this analysis was to evaluate smoking patterns in a large general population sample of individuals aged ≥40 years in ten countries in the region (Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey and United Arab Emirates), together with Pakistan, using a standardised methodology. A random sample of 457,258 telephone numbers was generated and called. This identified 65,154 eligible subjects, of whom 62,086 agreed to participate. A screening questionnaire was administered to each participant, which included six questions relating to cigarette consumption and waterpipe use. The age- and gender-adjusted proportion of respondents reporting current or past smoking of cigarettes or waterpipes was 31.2% [95% CI: 30.9-31.6%]. This proportion was significantly higher (p < 0.001) in men (48.0%) than in women (13.8%), but no relevant differences were observed between age groups. Smoking rates were in general lowest in the Maghreb countries and Pakistan and highest in the Eastern Mediterranean countries, ranging from 15.3% in Morocco to 53.9% in Lebanon. Consumption rates were 28.8% [28.4-29.2%] for cigarette smoking and 3.5% [3.4-3.6%] for waterpipe use. Use of waterpipes was most frequent in Saudi Arabia (8.5% of respondents) but remained low in the Maghreb countries (< 1.5%). Cumulative cigarette exposure was high, with a mean number of pack·years smoked of 18.5±20.5 for women and 29.1±26.2 for men. In conclusion, smoking is a major health issue in the MENA region. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Polatli M.,Adnan Menderes University | Ben Kheder A.,Abderrahmane Mami Hospital | Wali S.,King Abdulaziz University | Javed A.,Lady Reading Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Respiratory Medicine | Year: 2012

Data on COPD-related healthcare resources use are rarely documented in developing countries. This article presents data on COPD-related healthcare resource consumption in the Middle East, North Africa and Pakistan and addresses the association of this variable with illness severity. A large survey of COPD was conducted in eleven countries of the region, namely Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Pakistan, Saudi-Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey and United Arab Emirates, using a standardised methodology. A total of 62,086 subjects were screened. This identified 2,187 subjects fulfilling the " epidemiological" definition of COPD. A detailed questionnaire was administered to document data on COPD-related healthcare consumption. Symptom severity was assessed using the COPD Assessment Test (CAT). 1,392 subjects were analysable. Physician consultations were the most frequently used healthcare resource, ranging from 43,118 [95% CI: 755-85,548] consultations in UAE to 4,276,800 [95% CI: 2,320,164-6,230,763] in Pakistan, followed by emergency room visits, ranging from 15,917 [95% CI: 0-34,807] visits in UAE to 683,697 [95% CI: 496,993-869,737] in Turkey and hospitalisations, ranging from 15,563 [95% CI: 7,911-23,215] in UAE to 476,674 [95% CI: 301,258-652,090] in Turkey. The use of each resource increased proportionally with the GOLD 2011 severity groups and was significantly (p < 0.0001) higher in subjects with more symptoms compared to those with lower symptoms and in subjects with exacerbations to those without exacerbations. The occurrence of exacerbations and the CAT score were independently associated with use of each healthcare resource. In conclusion, the BREATHE study revealed that physician consultation is the most frequently COPD-related healthcare resource used in the region. It showed that the deterioration of COPD symptoms and the frequency of exacerbations raised healthcare resource consumption. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Idrees M.,Riyadh Military Hospital | Koniski M.-L.,Lebanese American University | Taright S.,Bab El Oued Hospital | Shahrour N.,Damascus University | And 8 more authors.
Respiratory Medicine | Year: 2012

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a potentially severe chronic progressive respiratory condition requiring long-term treatment and frequently involving episodic hospitalisations to manage exacerbations. The objective of this analysis was to document diagnosis, evaluation, treatment and management of COPD-related respiratory symptoms in 1,392 subjects fulfilling an epidemiological definition of COPD identified in a general population sample of 62,086 individuals aged ≥ 40 years in ten countries in the Middle East and North Africa region (Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey and United Arab Emirates), together with Pakistan. 442 subjects (31.8%) claimed to have received a diagnosis of COPD from a physician and 287 (20.6%) had undergone spirometry in the previous year. Use of specific treatments for respiratory symptoms was reported by 218 subjects (15.7%). Use of inhaled long-acting bronchodilators together with corticosteroids (53 subjects; 3.8%) and use of oxygen therapy (31 subjects; 2.3%) was very low. 852 subjects (61.2%) had consulted a physician about their respiratory condition at least once in the previous year, with a mean number of consultations of 3.4±3.6. Moreover, 284 subjects (20.4%) had been hospitalised overnight for their COPD, with a mean of 2.3±3.7 hospitalisations per year. Use of all healthcare resources was significantly higher (p < 0.001) in subjects with CAT scores ≥10 than in those with scores < 10, and greater in those with exacerbations than in those without. In conclusion, COPD in the region is under-diagnosed, inadequately evaluated and inadequately treated. Nonetheless, COPD symptoms are responsible for considerable healthcare consumption, with high levels of physician consultation and hospitalisation. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Chentli F.,Bab El Oued Hospital | Kalafate N.,Bab El Oued Hospital
Acta Endocrinologica | Year: 2013

Prolactinomas are the largest pituitary tumours (PT) in males, but huge ones (defined arbitrarily as ≥ 8 cm in height) are exceptional. They are usually diagnosed after impotency, headaches and visual troubles. Other manifestations such as memory troubles, unconsciousness, meningitis, epilepsy, psychiatric disorders, and exophthalmos are unusual. We aimed to report two cases diagnosed after epistaxis. Case 1. A man, aged 38, suffering from chronic nasal bleeding and impotency was diagnosed with a huge prolactinoma [90x90x80 mm, PRL=3737 ng/mL (n<15)] invading the nasal cavity. Nasal biopsy confirmed PT with positivity to PRL antibodies. After dopamine agonists intake, PRL and tumour size were significantly reduced and nasal bleeding disappeared. Case 2. A male aged 29 was referred for a huge PT [PRL= 2586 ng/mL, tumour= 130x80x60 mm] diagnosed after epistaxis. Nasal endoscopy showed a bleeding greyish tumour whose immunostaining confirmed PT. Dopamine agonists stopped epistaxis after PT tumour reduction. Conclusion. Both cases suffered from epistaxis secondary to huge prolactinomas invading the nasal cavity. So, chronic nasal bleeding should be kept in mind as possible sign of PT. Nasal biopsy should be kept in mind for diagnosis confirmation. Nasal invasion by PT can induce suppurative meningitis which is a life threatening condition, fortunately not observed in our cases. Source

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