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Azusa, CA, United States

Azusa Pacific University is a private, inter-denominational, evangelical Christian university located near Los Angeles in suburban Azusa, California, USA. With over 6,500 students, APU's undergraduate student body is the largest in the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities and the second largest evangelical undergraduate student body in the United States. APU holds regional accreditation by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges .The university was founded in 1899, with classes opening on March 3, 1900 in Whittier, California. It began offering degrees in 1939. While officially inter-denominational, APU has ties with several evangelical denominations. The university's seminary, the Graduate School of Theology, holds to a Wesleyan-Arminian doctrinal theology. Wikipedia.

Park G.,Azusa Pacific University | Vasey M.W.,Ohio State University | Van Bavel J.J.,New York University | Thayer J.F.,Ohio State University
Psychophysiology | Year: 2013

We examined whether cardiac vagal tone (indexed by heart rate variability, HRV) was associated with the functioning of selective attention under load. Participants were instructed to detect a target letter among letter strings superimposed on either fearful or neutral distractor faces. Under low load, when letter strings consisted of six target letters, there was no difference between people with high and low HRV on task performance. Under high load, when letter strings consisted of one target letter and five nontarget letters, people with high HRV were faster in trials with neutral distractors, but not with fearful distractors. However, people with low HRV were slower in trials with both fearful and neutral distractors. The current research suggests cardiac vagal tone is associated with successful control of selective attention critical for goal-directed behavior, and its impact is greater when fewer cognitive resources are available. © 2013 Society for Psychophysiological Research. Source

Loprinzi P.D.,Bellarmine University | Herod S.M.,Azusa Pacific University | Cardinal B.J.,Oregon State University | Noakes T.D.,University of Cape Town
Brain Research | Year: 2013

The brain plays a major role in regulating physical activity behavior and exercise performance. Regular physical activity may also play a key role in the prevention and treatment of various neurological conditions, such as Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, depression, and cognitive function. This implies that not only does the brain (or the nervous system) regulate aspects of physical activity, but also that physical activity may potentially influence brain-related function and outcomes. This review details this bi-directional relationship and addresses its implications for improving physical activity, exercise performance, and brain-related function and outcomes. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Westlake C.,Azusa Pacific University | Sethares K.,University of Massachusetts Dartmouth | Davidson P.,University of Technology, Sydney
Current Heart Failure Reports | Year: 2013

Health literacy is discussed in papers from 25 countries where findings suggest that approximately a third up to one half of the people in developed countries have low health literacy. Specifically, health literacy is the mechanism by which individuals obtain and use health information to make health decisions about individual treatments in the home, access care in the community, promote provider-patient interactions, structure self-care, and navigate health care programs both locally and nationally. Further, health literacy is a key determinant of health and a critical dimension for assessing individuals' needs, and, importantly, their capacity for self-care. Poorer health knowledge/status, more medication errors, costs, and higher rates of morbidity, readmissions, emergency room visits, and mortality among patients with health illiteracy have been demonstrated. Individuals at high risk for low health literacy include the elderly, disabled, Blacks, those with a poverty-level income, some or less high school education, either no insurance or Medicare or Medicaid, and those for whom English is a second language. As a consequence, health literacy is a complex, multifaceted, and evolving construct including aspects of social, psychological, cultural and economic circumstances. The purpose of this paper is to describe the mechanisms and consequences of health illiteracy. Specifically, the prevalence, associated demographics, and models of health literacy are described. The mechanism of health illiteracy's influence on outcomes in heart failure is proposed. Tools for health literacy assessment are described and compared. Finally, the health outcomes and general interventions to enhance the health outcomes in heart failure are discussed. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Stephenson K.,Azusa Pacific University
Journal of Electronic Resources Librarianship | Year: 2012

Cross-campus collaboration for library website design and management can be challenging, but the process can produce stronger, more attractive, and more usable library websites. Collaborative library website design and management can also lead to new avenues for marketing library tools and services; expert consultation for library technology implementation; improved collegiality, respect, and communication between departments; and a richer understanding of patron needs. Recommended best practices for positive and productive cross-campus collaborations include assuming positive intent, thinking holistically, acknowledging and appreciating others' abilities, observing one another at work, and collecting and using data to drive decision making. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

Rezk-Hanna M.,University of California at Los Angeles | Macabasco-O'Connell A.,Azusa Pacific University | Woo M.,University of California at Los Angeles
Nursing Research | Year: 2014

Background: Hookah (water pipe) smoking is a form of tobacco use, historically from the Middle East and India that is fueling a contemporary epidemic of tobacco abuse and a nationwide public health crisis, particularly among young adults. There is little information on factors influencing hookah smoking and health beliefs of hookah smokers. Objectives: Guided by the health belief model, the purpose of this study was to assess young adult hookah smokers' perceptions, attitudes, beliefs, and preferences toward hookah smoking and identify factors that may influence heavy (>3 times per week) versus light hookah smoking. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used for this study. Participants were recruited at hookah lounges in southern California. A sample of participants who smoke hookah and were between 18 and 30 years of age completed a short survey about their perceptions, attitudes, beliefs, initiation, and frequency of hookah smoking. Characteristics of light and heavy hookah smokers were compared using t tests and chi-square tests. Content analysis was used to analyze qualitative data. Results: Participants (N = 91) had a mean age of 24 (SD = 2.7), and 65% were men; 24% reported smoking before the age of 18, and 73.6% of participants smoked more than once a week. Men were heavier smokers in comparison to women (p = .006), 57% believed that hookah was not harmful to their health, and 60% reported socialization as the main reason why they smoked hookah. Discussion: It is critical to advocate for greater research on the health effects of hookah smoking and dissemination of these findings to the public, particularly to young adults. Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

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