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Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Yussuf Izzuddin Shah Ghafarullahu-lah, GCB, KSTJ was the 34th Sultan of Perak and was the ninth Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia from 26 April 1989 to 25 April 1994. The child of a royal father and commoner mother, he grew up in Perak, Malaysia. During school he played field hockey, subsequently playing for the Perak team. He trained to be a lawyer in the United Kingdom. Upon returning to Malaysia, he soon became a judge and quickly rose through the legal ranks. In 1965, he became the youngest person appointed to the High Court of Malaya, and in 1982 he became the youngest ever Lord President of the Federal Court, the country's highest judicial rank.After his uncle died in 1984, Azlan Shah became the Sultan of Perak. He became the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia in 1989, serving a five-year term before returning to his post as Sultan of Perak. In 2009, he exercised his royal authority to prevent the dissolution of the Perak parliament, sparking a constitutional crisis. Ultimately, the legal system ruled Sultan Azlan had acted properly.During his career, Sultan Azlan Shah was awarded more than 3 dozen Malaysian and foreign honours. Dozens of buildings and other projects were named after him, including a genus of insects. He was known as the "Father of Malaysian Hockey" for furthering field hockey at home and abroad, and was the patron of dozens of organisations. With his wife Tuanku Bainun Binti Mohd Ali, Sultan Azlan had five children. Wikipedia.


Halpin K.,Life Technologies | Hyatt A.D.,CSIRO | Fogarty R.,Flinders University | Middleton D.,CSIRO | And 7 more authors.
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Year: 2011

Bats of the genus Pteropus have been identified as the reservoir hosts for the henipaviruses Hendra virus (HeV) and Nipah virus (NiV). The aim of these studies was to assess likely mechanisms for henipaviruses transmission from bats. In a series of experiments, Pteropus bats from Malaysia and Australia were inoculated with NiV and HeV, respectively, by natural routes of infection. Despite an intensive sampling strategy, no NiV was recovered from the Malaysian bats and HeV was reisolated from only one Australian bat; no disease was seen. These experiments suggest that opportunities for henipavirus transmission may be limited; therefore, the probability of a spillover event is low. For spillover to occur, a range of conditions and events must coincide. An alternate assessment framework is required if we are to fully understand how this reservoir host maintains and transmits not only these but all viruses with which it has been associated. Copyright © 2011 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Source


Khalid R.,Northern University of Malaysia | Baten Md.A.,Northern University of Malaysia | Nawawi M.K.M.,Northern University of Malaysia | Ishak N.,Northern University of Malaysia | Ishak N.,Azlan
Journal of Advanced Transportation | Year: 2016

Summary An M/G/C/C state dependent queuing network measures the performance of a system whose service rate decreases with the increasing number of residing entities. However, the performance in terms of throughputs, levels of congestions, the expected number of entities, and the expected service time is typically analyzed based on a series of arrival rates without any further discussion on the optimal arrival rate. This paper derives the optimal arrival rates of corridors in a topological network using calculus and numerical analysis approaches. These optimal rates are then used as capacity parameters in the network's flow model to obtain the optimal arrival rates that maximize its total throughput. To ease the construction and performance evaluation of the network, we design and construct an M/G/C/C framework based on the Object-Oriented Programming approach that integrates the lingo software as an optimization tool. The framework is then tested on virtual and real networks. This framework can be used to develop a more advanced traffic management tool for studying and managing traffic flow through a complex network. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source


Jainury S.M.,National University of Malaysia | Jainury S.M.,Azlan | Ramli R.,National University of Malaysia | Ab Rahman M.N.,National University of Malaysia | Omar A.,GICT Proton
Computers and Industrial Engineering | Year: 2014

The mixed-model assembly line (MMAL) is a type of assembly line in which a variety of product models are assembled on the same line. The use of highly variant parts on the assembly line need to be considered carefully to enable satisfactory material flow control and allow for smooth production. To increase the quality of parts supply and parts assembly in MMAL, Toyota has introduced an innovation system known as Set Parts Supply (SPS). In this paper, we investigate the parts supply issues in SPS implementation using a case study in the automotive industry. The linkage of parts supply strategies with Manufacturing Execution System (MES) is introduced to improve the SPS implementation which are (i) synchronized parts supply, (ii) e-kanban system and (iii) Synchronized Supply Sheet. From the research findings, the integration with MES has contributed to the Just In Time in parts supply at the supermarket area and assembly line. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Arbain R.,Azlan | Baharun N.,Universiti Sains Malaysia
Materials Science Forum | Year: 2015

Hematite nanoparticles with average particle size of 75.6 and 93.4 nm were produced by mechanical grinding technique using planetary ball mill. The ground hematite were characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis technique, specific surface area analysis (BET), transmission microscope (TEM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The effects of different properties of hematite particles used as a catalyst for decolorization of synthetic dye, Remazol Red 3B (RR3B) were investigated. The experimental results show that smaller particle size of 75.6 nm decolourized at the rate of 95.8% within 10 min reaction while larger particle size of 93.4 nm decolorized at the rate of 95.9% within 60 min reaction. The decolorization of RR3B dye by both catalyst were achieved with minimum iron leached (<5 mgL-1) which fulfill the Malaysian Environmental Quality (Industrial Effluent) Regulations 2009. The continuous mode for decolorization of RR3B was carried out and complete decolorization was achieved with low iron dissolution which demonstrates the possibilities of using milled hematite as catalyst for large-scale textile industry wastewater treatment applications. © (2015) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland. Source


Rahman S.A.,Azlan | Hassan S.S.,University of Selangor | Olival K.J.,Ecohealth Alliance | Mohamed M.,University of Malaysia, Kelantan | And 10 more authors.
Emerging Infectious Diseases | Year: 2010

We isolated and characterized Nipah virus (NiV) from Pteropus vampyrus bats, the putative reservoir for the 1998 outbreak in Malaysia, and provide evidence of viral recrudescence. This isolate is monophyletic with previous NiVs in combined analysis, and the nucleocapsid gene phylogeny suggests that similar strains of NiV are co-circulating in sympatric reservoir species. Source

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