Petti M.C.,Regina Elena Cancer Institute |
Prignano G.,San Gallicano Dermatology Institute |
Mengarelli A.,Regina Elena Cancer Institute |
Spadea A.,Regina Elena Cancer Institute |
And 2 more authors.
Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease | Year: 2013
We report a case of Listeria monocytogenes bacteremia in a leukemic patient having a positive assay for aspergillus galactomannan (GM), although no evidence of aspergillosis was found. Supernatant obtained from L. monocytogenes strain suspension was reactive with GM-assay. L. monocytogenes produces a soluble antigen that is cross-reactive with Aspergillus GM. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source
Abdolrahimzadeh S.,Azienda Policlinico Umberto I |
Recupero S.M.,SantAndrea Hospital
Drugs of Today | Year: 2014
Advanced biotechnological techniques and new polymers have led to the development of many innovative intravitreal drug delivery systems. Some designs are still in an experimental phase while others have gained widespread acceptance and are commercially available. Since steroids are a mainstay of therapy for uveitis and macular edema, new intravitreal implants have been developed to provide continuous release of corticosteroids over prolonged spans of time with reduced systemic adverse effects. Today, three long-acting corticosteroid implants are commercially available: the fluocinolone acetonide implants Retisert® and Iluvien® and the dexamethasone drug delivery system Ozurdex®. They offer an alternative route in the management of macular edema due to uveitis, retinal vein occlusion, diabetes and pseudophakia. Their advantage over treatment with steroid injections and the anti-vascular endothelial growth factor ranibizumab is the long-term control of inflammation and macular edema with a reduced frequency of administration. Their potential side effects are cataract and glaucoma, therefore, careful patient selection and monitoring is essential. Further studies are warranted to define the relative efficacy and indications for each treatment option. The development of new devices is a future challenge in the strive to improve drug delivery systems. © 2014 Prous Science, S.A.U. or its licensors. All rights reserved. Source
Erlotinib versus standard chemotherapy as first-line treatment for European patients with advanced EGFR mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (EURTAC): A multicentre, open-label, randomised phase 3 trial
Rosell R.,Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology |
Rosell R.,University of Barcelona |
Carcereny E.,Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology |
Gervais R.,Center Francois Baclesse |
And 54 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2012
Background: Erlotinib has been shown to improve progression-free survival compared with chemotherapy when given as first-line treatment for Asian patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with activating EGFR mutations. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of erlotinib compared with standard chemotherapy for first-line treatment of European patients with advanced EGFR-mutation positive NSCLC. Methods: We undertook the open-label, randomised phase 3 EURTAC trial at 42 hospitals in France, Italy, and Spain. Eligible participants were adults (>18 years) with NSCLC and EGFR mutations (exon 19 deletion or L858R mutation in exon 21) with no history of chemotherapy for metastatic disease (neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy ending ≥6 months before study entry was allowed). We randomly allocated participants (1:1) according to a computer-generated allocation schedule to receive oral erlotinib 150 mg per day or 3 week cycles of standard intravenous chemotherapy of cisplatin 75 mg/m 2 on day 1 plus docetaxel (75 mg/m 2 on day 1) or gemcitabine (1250 mg/m 2 on days 1 and 8). Carboplatin (AUC 6 with docetaxel 75 mg/m 2 or AUC 5 with gemcitabine 1000 mg/m 2) was allowed in patients unable to have cisplatin. Patients were stratified by EGFR mutation type and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (0 vs 1 vs 2). The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) in the intention-to-treat population. We assessed safety in all patients who received study drug (≥1 dose). This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00446225. Findings: Between Feb 15, 2007, and Jan 4, 2011, 174 patients with EGFR mutations were enrolled. One patient received treatment before randomisation and was thus withdrawn from the study; of the remaining patients, 86 were randomly assigned to receive erlotinib and 87 to receive standard chemotherapy. The preplanned interim analysis showed that the study met its primary endpoint; enrolment was halted, and full evaluation of the results was recommended. At data cutoff (Jan 26, 2011), median PFS was 9·7 months (95% CI 8·4-12·3) in the erlotinib group, compared with 5·2 months (4·5-5·8) in the standard chemotherapy group (hazard ratio 0·37, 95% CI 0·25-0·54; p<0·0001). Main grade 3 or 4 toxicities were rash (11 [13%] of 84 patients given erlotinib vs none of 82 patients in the chemotherapy group), neutropenia (none vs 18 [22%]), anaemia (one [1%] vs three [4%]), and increased amino-transferase concentrations (two [2%] vs 0). Five (6%) patients on erlotinib had treatment-related severe adverse events compared with 16 patients (20%) on chemotherapy. One patient in the erlotinib group and two in the standard chemotherapy group died from treatment-related causes. Interpretation: Our findings strengthen the rationale for routine baseline tissue-based assessment of EGFR mutations in patients with NSCLC and for treatment of mutation-positive patients with EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitors. Funding: Spanish Lung Cancer Group, Roche Farma, Hoffmann-La Roche, and Red Temática de Investigacion Cooperativa en Cancer. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source
Pasta V.,University of Rome La Sapienza |
Gullo G.,Messina University |
Giuliani A.,Istituto Superiore di Sanita |
Harrath A.H.,King Saud University |
And 5 more authors.
European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences | Year: 2015
OBJECTIVE: Mammographic breast density is a recognized risk factor for breast cancer. The causes that lead to the proliferation of the glandular breast tissue and, therefore, to an increase of breast density are still unclear. However, a treatment strategy to reduce the mammary density may bring about very relevant clinical outcomes in breast cancer prevention. Myo-inositol is a six-fold alcohol of cyclohexane, has already been proved to modulate different pathways: inflammatory, metabolic, oxidative and endocrine processes, in a wide array of human diseases, including cancer and the genesis of mammary gland and breast diseases, like fibrosis, as well as metabolic and endocrine cues. Similarly, boswellic acid and betaine (threemethyl glycine) both inhibit inflammation and exert protective effects on breast physiology. Based on this scientific background, we hypothesized that a combinat ion including, boswellic acid, betaine and myo-inositol would be able to reduce breast density working on different pathways. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, seventy-six premenopausal women were randomly assigned to the placebo and the experimental drug arms (Eumastós®) for six months. RESULTS: After 6 months of treatment, statistically significant difference between the two groups was recorded on the breast density reduction (60% vs. 9%), using mammographic as well as ultrasound examination. CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary data collected here with support the starting assumptions, that the association comprising boswellic acid, betaine and myo-inositol significantly reduces mammary density, providing the first evidence for a new and safe approach for the management of mammographic density treatment. Source
Capanna R.,CTO Ospedale Careggi |
Piccioli A.,Azienda Policlinico Umberto I |
Di Martino A.,Biomedical University of Rome |
Daolio P.A.,Istituto Ortopedico Gaetano Pini |
And 6 more authors.
Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy | Year: 2014
The purpose of this article is to outline the current approach to patients affected by metastasis to the long bones and to present a clinical and surgical algorithm available for clinicians and for future research. A modern approach to patients affected by long bone metastasis in fact requires a multidisciplinary contest where oncologists, radiotherapists, surgeons and physical therapists cooperate with a shared vision, in order to provide the best possible integrated treatments available. The authors of this article constitute the Bone Metastasis Study Group of the Italian Orthopaedic Society (SIOT): a national group of orthopedic tumor surgeons who are dedicated to studying the approach, techniques and outcomes of surgery for metastatic tumours of the musculoskeletal system. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd. Source