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Bernardi S.,Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria of Udine | Bertozzi S.,AOU SM della Misericordia | Londero A.P.,University of Udine | Gentile G.,AOU SM della Misericordia | And 2 more authors.
World Journal of Surgery | Year: 2012

Background: The radio-guided occult lesion localization (ROLL) technique allows the identification of nonpalpable breast lesions by means of the preoperative, intratumoral injection of a radiotracer. Our study aimed to determine the incidence and risk factors of ROLL failure. Methods: We collected data about all women who underwent ROLL in our department from 2002 to 2009, focusing on patient characteristics such as breast size and density, lesion size, localization, histology, radiologist, and surgeon experience. Data were analyzed using R v2.10.1, considering p<0.05 significant. Results: A total of 579 ROLLs were performed on 555 women with a mean age of 58.7 (±10.96) years. Incidence of ROLL failure at the first intervention was 4 % (23/579). Through monovariate analysis, ROLL failure was significantly influenced by stereotactic mammography-guided procedure, invasive tumors, pathological and radiological lesion size ≤5 mm, and the lesion's location in the central or upper breast quadrants. Through multivariate analysis, the most predictive factors for ROLL failure were as follows: lesion localization in the central quadrant, lesion radiological size <5 mm, and radiologist inexperience. Conclusions: The main risk factors for ROLL failure were the radiologist's inexperience, lesion size B5 mm, and its localization in the central subareolar quadrant, probably due to an unfavorable radiological and surgical reaching of the breast area. © Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2012.

Domenis R.,University of Udine | Lazzaro L.,University of Udine | Calabrese S.,University of Udine | Mangoni D.,University of Udine | And 9 more authors.
Stem Cell Research and Therapy | Year: 2015

Introduction: Autologous fat grafting is commonly used to correct soft-tissue contour deformities. However, results are impaired by a variable and unpredictable resorption rate. Autologous adipose-derived stromal cells in combination with lipoinjection (cell-assisted lipotransfer) seem to favor a long-term persistence of fat grafts, thus fostering the development of devices to be used in the operating room at the point of care, to isolate the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) and produce SVF-enhanced fat grafts with safe and standardized protocols. Focusing on patients undergoing breast reconstruction by lipostructure, we analyzed a standard technique, a modification of the Coleman's procedure, and three different commercially available devices (Lipokit, Cytori, Fastem), in terms of 1) ability to enrich fat grafts in stem cells and 2) clinical outcome at 6 and 12 months. Methods: To evaluate the ability to enrich stem cells, we compared, for each patient (n∈=∈20), the standard lipoaspirate with the respective stem cell-enriched one, analyzing yield, immunophenotype and colony-forming capacity of the SVF cells as well as immunophenotype, clonogenicity and multipotency of the obtained adipose stem cells (ASCs). Regarding the clinical outcome, we compared, by ultrasonography imaging, changes at 6 and 12 months in the subcutaneous thickness of patients treated with stem-cell enriched (n∈=∈14) and standard lipoaspirates (n∈=∈16). Results: Both methods relying on the enzymatic isolation of primitive cells led to significant increase in the frequency, in the fat grafts, of SVF cells as well as of clonogenic and multipotent ASCs, while the enrichment was less prominent for the device based on the mechanical isolation of the SVF. From a clinical point of view, patients treated with SVF-enhanced fat grafts demonstrated, at six months, a significant superior gain of thickness of both the central and superior-medial quadrants with respect to patients treated with standard lipotransfer. In the median-median quadrant the effect was still persistent at 12 months, confirming an advantage of lipotransfer technique in enriching improving long-term fat grafts. Conclusions: This comparative study, based on reproducible biological and clinical parameters and endpoints, showed an advantage of lipotransfer technique in enriching fat grafts in stem cells and in favoring, clinically, long-term fat grafts. © 2015 Domenis et al.; licensee BioMed Central.

Bourkoula E.,University of Udine | Mangoni D.,University of Udine | Ius T.,Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria of Udine | Pucer A.,University of Udine | And 23 more authors.
Stem Cells | Year: 2014

Background: Translational medicine aims at transferring advances in basic science research into new approaches for diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Low-grade gliomas (LGG) have a heterogeneous clinical behavior that can be only partially predicted employing current state-of-the-art markers, hindering the decision-making process. To deepen our comprehension on tumor heterogeneity, we dissected the mechanism of interaction between tumor cells and relevant components of the neoplastic environment, isolating, from LGG and high-grade gliomas (HGG), proliferating stem cell lines from both the glioma stroma and, where possible, the neoplasm. Methods and Findings: We isolated glioma-associated stem cells (GASC) from LGG (n=40) and HGG (n=73). GASC showed stem cell features, anchorage-independent growth, and supported the malignant properties of both A172 cells and human glioma-stem cells, mainly through the release of exosomes. Finally, starting from GASC obtained from HGG (n=13) and LGG (n=12) we defined a score, based on the expression of 9 GASC surface markers, whose prognostic value was assayed on 40 subsequent LGG-patients. At the multivariate Cox analysis, the GASC-based score was the only independent predictor of overall survival and malignant progression free-survival. Conclusions: The microenvironment of both LGG and HGG hosts non-tumorigenic multipotent stem cells that can increase in vitro the biological aggressiveness of glioma-initiating cells through the release of exosomes. The clinical importance of this finding is supported by the strong prognostic value associated with the characteristics of GASC. This patient-based approach can provide a groundbreaking method to predict prognosis and to exploit novel strategies that target the tumor stroma. © 2014 AlphaMed Press.

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