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Rotellini M.,University of Florence | Paglierani M.,Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi | Pepi M.,University of Florence | Franchi A.,University of Florence
Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine | Year: 2012

Background: Warthin's tumour (WT) is a common benign lesion of the major salivary glands. The nature of WT remains controversial, with particular regard to the presence of clonal chromosomal abnormalities, including the t(11;19) translocation involving the CRTC1 and MAML2 genes, that have been identified in both WT and mucoepidermoid carcinoma. In this study, we focused our attention on metaplastic WT variants, and we conducted a fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH) analysis for the presence of MAML2 gene rearrangement. Methods: Dual-colour FISH analysis was performed on paraffin-embedded sections of eight WTs showing metaplastic changes (five with squamous metaplasia, two with mucinous metaplasia and one with both) using a MAML2 break-apart probe. Results: Presence of split signals indicative of gene rearrangement was identified in a subset of cells in areas of squamous metaplasia in two samples of WT. No rearrangement was observed in the oncocytic epithelium, in lymphocytes and in areas of mucinous metaplasia. Conclusions: The presence of a small subpopulation of cells carrying MAML2 rearrangement in areas of squamous metaplasia within WT could predispose these lesions to malignant transformation in mucoepidermoid carcinoma and could represent a molecular link between the two entities. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Santoro R.,University of Florence | Meccariello G.,University of Florence | Mannelli G.,University of Florence | Bini B.,University of Florence | And 2 more authors.
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology | Year: 2014

After failure of curative radiotherapy (RT), surgery is the main therapeutic option to control recurrent laryngeal cancer. Recurrences after RT for T1-T2 tumours of the glottic larynx are often diagnosed at a more severe stage than the original disease and, thus, usually treated by radical approaches. Our aim is to investigate the feasibility of more conservative strategies for proper treatment of post-RT recurred glottic cancer. We collected and reviewed our files from 1990 to 2006, selecting 75 patients which matched the following inclusion criteria: (1) patient was originally diagnosed with early stage squamous cell carcinoma of the glottic larynx (stage I-II according to 2010 TNM), (2) patient was treated by RT with curative intent, (3) patient presented a recurrence of disease after RT which was surgically treated at our Institution. T stage at first diagnosis was T1a in 41 cases (55 %), T1b in 12 (16 %) and T2 in 22 (29 %). At clinical examination of RT-recurred lesions, we documented advanced lesions (rT3-rT4) in 29 out of 75 patients (39 %). Overall, an upstage was reported for 56 % RT-recurred cancers, while 37.3 % remained at the same stage than the original tumour and 6.7 % were downstaged. Twelve patients (16 %) underwent salvage partial laryngectomy (SPL), while 63 (84 %) received a salvage total laryngectomy (STL). Multivariate analysis showed that rTNM according to the AJCC-UICC of 2010 was the only prognostic factor for both disease-free survival (p = 0.042) and overall survival (p = 0.004). Considering the prognostic impact of rT and rN we documented a statistical significance only in terms of overall survival for both factors (p = 0.004 and p = 0.04, respectively). Although STL remains the most frequent treatment choice for failures after RT in laryngeal carcinomas, SPL represents a valid option for selected patients with limited recurrence and can deliver good oncologic and functional results if performed according to careful indications. © 2013 Springer-Verlag.

Franchi A.,University of Florence | Palomba A.,Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi | Cardesa A.,University of Barcelona
Histopathology | Year: 2011

Several malignant tumours occurring in the sinonasal tract may present with an undifferentiated morphology. Overall, these lesions pose significant diagnostic difficulties for the surgical pathologist, especially in limited biopsy material, but their correct classification is becoming increasingly important for an appropriate treatment strategy. This review deals with the criteria for differential diagnosis of these neoplasms, with emphasis on recent advances in immunohistochemistry and molecular biology, as well as with previous progress in electron microscopy. Through careful microscopic examination of haematoxylin and eosin-stained sections, in the light of clinical information and imaging data, a list of differential diagnoses can be made and an appropriate panel of antibodies can be chosen to further categorize the tumour. An initial panel including cytokeratins, synaptophysin, S100 protein, desmin and CD45 may allow the classification of most lesions or may help to narrow the list of differential diagnoses. Further refinement can be obtained through second-line markers, including in-situ hybridization for Epstein-Barr virus, other neuroendocrine markers, melanocytic markers, myogenin, CD99, other lymphocyte markers, and CD138 and light chains. Finally, molecular analysis can further assist in the recognition of specific entities such as nuclear protein in testis midline carcinoma, Ewing's sarcoma/peripheral neuroectodermal tumour, alveolar rhadbomyosarcoma, and poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Limited.

Galli M.,Div. of Hematology | Salmoiraghi S.,Div. of Hematology | Golay J.,Div. of Hematology | Gozzini A.,Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi | And 3 more authors.
Annals of Hematology | Year: 2010

ITF2357, an orally effective member of the family of histone deacetylase inhibitors, is a potent inducer of apoptosis and death of multiple myeloma (MM) cells. We performed a phase-II, multiple-dose clinical trial in 19 patients with relapsed or progressive MM to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of ITF2357 administered twice daily for four consecutive days every week for 4 weeks (i.e., first cycle). The first six patients received 150 mg ITF2357 twice daily. Since two of them experienced a dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) during the first cycle, the subsequent patients received 100 mg ITF2357 twice daily. This was the MTD, as only one DLT occurred. Up to 12 weeks (i.e., three cycles) of treatment were scheduled. Oral dexamethasone was allowed to a maximum weekly amount of 20 mg. Median duration of treatment was 6 weeks, ranging from two (two patients) to 12 weeks (five patients). Four patients suffered from serious adverse events. Three patients experienced grade 3-4 gastro-intestinal toxicity and three had transient electrocardiographic abnormalities. Thrombocytopenia occurred in all but one patient (grade 3-4 in ten patients). At last followup, five patients were in stable disease, five had disease progression, and nine had died all of progressive MM. In conclusion, when given at a dose of 100 mg twice daily alone or combined with dexamethasone, ITF2357 proved tolerable but showed a modest clinical benefit in advanced MM. © Springer-Verlag 2009.

Bethencourt A.,Hospital Universitario Son Dureta | Sievert H.,CardioVascular Center Sankt Katharinen | Santoro G.,Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi | Meier B.,University of Bern | And 5 more authors.
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions | Year: 2011

Background: In most patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and stroke, there is thrombotic embolization from the left atrial appendage (LAA). Percutaneous closure of the LAA is a novel alternative for the treatment of patients with AF at a high risk of stroke, in whom long-term anticoagulation therapy is not possible or not desired. This study details the initial experience with the Amplatzer Cardiac Plug (ACP) in humans. Methods: Investigator-initiated retrospective preregistry data collection to evaluate procedural feasibility and safety up to 24 hr after implantation of the ACP, a nitinol device designed for percutaneous trans-septal implantation in LAA of patients with paroxysmal, permanent, or persistent AF. Results: In 137 of 143 patients, LAA occlusion was attempted, and successfully performed in 132 (96%). There were serious complications in 10 (7.0%) patients (three patients with ischemic stroke; two patients experienced device embolization, both percutaneously recaptured; and five patients with clinically significant pericardial effusions). Minor complications were insignificant pericardial effusions in four, transient myocardial ischemia in two, and loss of the implant in the venous system in one patient. Conclusion: The implantation of the ACP device is a feasible method for percutaneous occlusion of the LAA. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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