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Fabris S.,University of Milan | Mosca L.,University of Milan | Cutrona G.,Diagnostica Molecolare A.O. Universitaria S. Martino IST | Lionetti M.,University of Milan | And 26 more authors.
American Journal of Hematology | Year: 2013

Recent studies have described chromosome 2p gain as a recurrent lesion in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). We investigated the 2p gain and its relationship with common prognostic biomarkers in a prospective series of 69 clinical monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis (cMBL) and 218 early stage (Binet A) CLL patients. The 2p gain was detected by FISH in 17 patients (6%, 16 CLL, and 1 cMBL) and further characterized by single nucleotide polymorphism-array. Overall, unfavorable cytogenetic deletions, i.e., del(11)(q23) and del(17)(p13) (P = 0.002), were significantly more frequent in 2p gain cases, as well as unmutated status of IGHV (P < 1 × 10-4) and CD38 (P < 1 × 10-4) and ZAP-70 positive expression (P = 0.003). Furthermore, 2p gain patients had significantly higher utilization of stereotyped B-cell receptors compared with 2p negative patients (P = 0.009), and the incidence of stereotyped subset #1 in 2p gain patients was significantly higher than that found in the remaining CLLs (P = 0.031). Transcriptional profiling analysis identified several genes significantly upregulated in 2p gain CLLs, most of which mapped to 2p. Among these, NCOA1 and ROCK2 are known for their involvement in tumor progression in several human cancers, whereas among those located in different chromosomes, CAV1 at 7q31.1 has been recently identified to play a critical role in CLL progression. Thus, 2p gain can be present since the early stages of the disease, particularly in those cases characterized by other poor prognosis markers. The finding of genes upregulated in the cells with 2p gain provides new insights to define the pathogenic role of this lesion. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Mauro F.R.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Bandini G.,University of Bologna | Barosi G.,Unit of Clinical Epidemiology Centro per lo Studio della Mielofibrosi | Brugiatelli M.,Azienda Ospedaliera Papardo | And 8 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2012

By using GRADE system we updated the guidelines for management of CLL issued in 2006 from SIE, SIES and GITMO group. We recommended fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, rituximab (FCR) in younger and selected older patients with a good fitness status, no unfavourable genetics (deletion 17p and/or p53 mutations), and a less toxic treatment in nonfit and elderly patients. In patients without unfavourable genetics, relapsed after 24 months the same initial treatment including rituximab can be considered. In patients with unfavourable genetics, refractory or relapsed within 24 months from a prior fludarabine-based treatment, allogeneic SCT or experimental treatments should be given. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Ceriani L.,Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland | Martelli M.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Zinzani P.L.,Institute of Hematology and Medical Oncology | Ferreri A.J.M.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute | And 16 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2015

The International Extranodal Lymphoma Study Group (IELSG) 26 study was designed to evaluate the role of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in the management of primary mediastinal (thymic) large B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL). We examined the prognostic impact of functional PET parameters at diagnosis. Metabolic activity defined by the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) was measured on baseline 18FDG PET/CT following a standard protocol in a prospectively enrolled cohort of 103 PMBCL patients. All received combination chemoimmunotherapy with doxorubicin- and rituximab-based regimens; 93 had consolidation radiotherapy. Cut-off values were determined using the receiver-operating characteristic curve. At a median follow-up of 36 months, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 87% and 94%, respectively. In univariate analysis, elevated MTV and TLG were significantly associated with worse PFS and OS. Only TLG retained statistical significance for both OS (P = .001) and PFS (P < .001) in multivariate analysis. At 5 years, OS was 100% for patients with low TLG vs 80% for those with high TLG (P = .0001), whereas PFS was 99% vs 64%, respectively (P < .0001). TLG on baseline PET appeared to be a powerful predictor of PMBCL outcomes and warrants further validation as a biomarker. The IELSG 26 study was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00944567. © 2015 by The American Society of Hematology.

Tadmor T.,Hematology Oncology Unit | Tadmor T.,Technion - Israel Institute of Technology | Bari A.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Sacchi S.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | And 13 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2014

In this study we assessed the prognostic significance of absolute monocyte count and selected the best cut-off value at diagnosis in a large cohort of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Data were retrieved for therapy-naïve patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma followed in Israel and Italy during 1993-2010. A final cohort of 1017 patients was analyzed with a median follow up of 48 months and a 5-year overall survival rate of 68%. The best absolute monocyte count cut-off level was 630/mm3 and the 5-year overall survival for patients with counts below this cut-off was 71%, whereas it was 59% for those with a count >630 mm3 (P=0.0002). Of the 1017 patients, 521 (51%) were treated with chemo-immunotherapy, and in this cohort, using multivariate analysis, elevated monocyte count retained a negative prognostic value even when adjusted for International Prognostic Index (HR1.54, P=0.009). This large study shows that a simple parameter such as absolute monocyte count (>630/mm3) can easily be used routinely in the evaluation of newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma to identify high-risk patients with a worse survival in the rituximab era. © 2013 Ferrata Storti Foundation.

Molica S.,Azienda Ospedaliera Pugliese Ciaccio | Mauro F.R.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Giannarelli D.,Regina Elena Cancer Institute | Lauria F.,University of Siena | And 5 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2011

Background Optimal lymphocyte parameters and thresholds for the diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia have been proposed by The National Cancer Institute sponsored Working Group and recently updated by the International Workshop on chronic lymphocytic leukemia. However, it is not clear how these criteria apply to patient management in daily clinical practice and whether the lymphocyte thresholds recommended truly predict clinical outcome in early chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Design and Methods For the purpose of this study, an observational database of the GIMEMA (Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche dell'Adulto) which included 1,158 patients with newly diagnosed Binet stage A chronic lymphocytic leukemia who were observed at different primary hematology centers during the period 1991-2000, was used. Results Among 818 consecutive chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with Rai stage 0 (i.e. no palpable lymphadenopathy or hepatosplenomegaly) who had flow cytometry evaluations at the time of diagnosis and were included in a GIMEMA database, both absolute lymphocyte count and B-cell count were of a similar value in predicting time to first treatment as continuous variables (P<0.0001). Receiver operating characteristic analysis identified an absolute lymphocyte count of 11.5×109/L and an absolute B-cell count of 10.0×109/L as the best thresholds capable of identifying patients who will require treatment from those with stable disease. However, in a Cox's multivariate analysis only the B-cell count retained its discriminating power (P<0.0001) and the estimated rate of progression to chronic lymphocytic leukemia requiring treatment among subjects with a B-cell count less than 10.0×109/L was approximately 2.3% per year (95% CI 2.1-2.5%) while it was 2-fold higher for patients with a B-cell count of 10.0×109/L or over (i.e. 5.2% per year; 95% CI 4.9-5.5%). Finally, in this community-based patient cohort, the B-cell threshold defined by investigators at the Mayo Clinic (i.e. 11.0×109/L) allowed patients to be divided into two subsets with a higher and lower likelihood of treatment (P<0.0001). Conclusions Our results, based on a retrospective patients' cohort, provide a clear justification to retain the B-cell count as the reference gold standard of chronic lymphocytic leukemia diagnosis and imply that a count of 10×109/L B cells is the best lymphocyte threshold to predict time to first treatment. The use of clinical outcome to distinguish chronic lymphocytic leukemia from other premalignant conditions, such as monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis, is a pragmatic approach meeting the patients' need to minimize the psychological discomfort of receiving a diagnosis of leukemia when the risk of adverse clinical consequences is low © 2011 Ferrata Storti Foundation.

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