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Santi Cosma e Damiano, Italy

Fagnani D.,Azienda Ospedaliera di Desio and Vimercate | Isa L.,Oncology Unit Of Ospedale Of Gorgonzola | Verga M.F.,Azienda Ospedaliera di Desio and Vimercate | Nova P.,Azienda Ospedaliera di Desio and Vimercate | And 11 more authors.
Tumori | Year: 2014

Aims and background. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factors are widely used to reduce myelotoxicity of chemotherapy and to allow its regular administration. National and international guidelines regulate their use. The aim of the study was to evaluate the use of pegfilgrastim and filgrastim/lenograstim in clinical practice, adherence to ASCO and ESMO guidelines, chemotherapy-related complications and adverse reactions.Materials and methods. Data from 645 consecutive patients and 3,150 chemotherapy administrations, receiving granulocyte colony-stimulating factors, as primary/secondary prophylaxis or therapeutic use, for the first time during a line of chemotherapy, were recorded from 08/2008 to 08/2011, in 10 Lombardy Italian cancer centers.Patients and chemotherapy administrations data were examined in a multiple logistic regression analysis model.Results. Adherence to guidelines: primary prophylaxis, pegfilgrastim and filgrastim/lenograstim 66%/47% (P = 0.002); secondary prophylaxis, 19.0%/26.8%; but 56.8%/53.6% including patients at high risk of febrile neutropenia with grade 3-4 neutropenia. Correct timing start (administration 24-72 h after chemotherapy): pegfilgrastimand filgrastim/lenograstim, 93.2%/61.5% (P <0.0001).Conclusions. Results suggest the more correct administration of pegfilgrastim as primary prophylaxis and timing start, compared to filgrastim/lenograstim. In secondary prophylaxis, the use of granulocyte colony-stimulating factors is extended beyond guideline recommendations to support patients at high risk of febrile neutropenia and to guarantee dose intensity. These outcomes suggest both the need of educational activities and the development of predictive tools to better define high risk patients and the use of granulocyte colony-stimulating factors.

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