Azerbaijan Medical University
Baku, Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan Medical University, named after Nariman Narimanov is the formal name of the public medical school located in Baku, Azerbaijan. Due to difficulties with translation, the school is sometimes called: Azerbaijan Medical University, Azerbaijan State Medical University, Azerbaijan State Medical Institute, or simply Medical University, with any of the preceding including the "named after N. Narimanov" or full "Nariman Narimanov". The school is named after Nariman Narimanov, a famous Azeri in Soviet politics, notably Party Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union.Founded in 1930, the medical school grew out of the Department of Medicine of Baku State University. The school has 8000 students in 74 academic departments, with a faculty of scientists, physicians and lecturers numbering just over 1000. Wikipedia.

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Polukhov R.S.,Azerbaijan Medical University
Medical News of North Caucasus | Year: 2016

The article presents the results of the conservative treatment of chronic constipation in 574 children divided into groups: group I (321 patients) - traditional treatment, group II (248 patients) - traditional approach complemented with optimal treatment of dysbiotic disorder by Magnerot and Glutathione. The results has been assessed in 1, 2 and 3 years and appeared to be considerably better in group II. Good results in children of this group were achieved by the end of the first year of the proposed complex treatment, whereas in the cases of the traditional approach a stable effect was obtained in no less than 3 years.

Panakhova N.F.,Azerbaijan Medical University
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2016

Background: Infants with fetal growth retardation (FGR) are prone to intestinal disorders. Objectives: Aim of the study was to determine the role of mucosal defense ability in formation of gut injury in infants with FGR. Materials and Methods: 44 premature infants who were admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit were divided into two groups: 20 infants with FGR (FGR group) and 24 appropriate-for-gestational age newborns (AGA group). Control group consisted of 22 premature infants who were delivered after uncomplicated pregnancy. Gut barrier function was evaluated by detecting serum intestinal trefoil factor (ITF) and intestinal fatty acid binding protein (IFABP). The level of serum IFABP and ITF was measured by using ELISA method. Results: FGR group showed significantly higher ITF concentration than AGA group on the first days of life (P ˂ 0.01). High level of ITF in the FGR group significantly declines up to 7th -10th day of life (P ˂ 0.01). This reduction was accompanied by increase of IFABP which is a marker of ischemic intestinal mucosal injury. Correlation analyses showed that ITF had a negative correlation with IFABP. Conclusions: Infants with fetal growth retardation are characterized by a high level of ITF on the first days of life. This protects intestinal mucosa under hypoxic conditions. Its subsequent decline accompanied by an increase of IFABP reflects the depletion of Goblet cells to secret ITF causing damage to the integrity of intestinal mucosal barrier. © 2016, Growth & Development Research Center.

Bekmez S.,Azerbaijan Medical University
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics | Year: 2016

BACKGROUND:: According to the current literature, the recommended surgical treatment is circumferential spinal fusion, including both anterior and posterior procedures, for progressive thoracolumbar kyphosis in mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS). The purpose of this study was to report our experience with the posterior-only approach and instrumented fusion for MPS kyphosis. METHODS:: Six consecutive patients with MPS and thoracolumbar junctional kyphosis managed with the posterior-only approach were included. Demographic data, the type of MPS, medical comorbidities, and accompanying clinical manifestations were recorded. Measurements recorded on radiographs for the study included the presence of any coronal-plane deformity, fusion levels, changes in the local kyphosis angle (LKA), proximal and distal junctional kyphosis angles, and the apical vertebral wedge angle. RESULTS:: The average age at the time of surgery was 6.6 (range, 4 to 12) years. The average follow-up duration was 52.6 (range, 44 to 64) months. The mean preoperative LKA of 63.1±15.8 (range, 48 to 92) degrees decreased to a mean of 16.6±8.4 (range, 5 to 30) degrees immediately after surgery. At the latest follow-up, the mean LKA was 19.6±8.8 (range, 8 to 34) degrees. Apical vertebral listhesis was reduced in all patients with surgical correction. The average apical vertebral wedge angle of 15 (range, 11 to 19) degrees at the early postoperative period decreased to 4.6 (range, 2 to 7) degrees at the latest follow-up. Adjacent-segment problems occurred in 2 patients. There were no neurological complications or implant failures in any of the patients. CONCLUSIONS:: Posterior-only corrective techniques and instrumented fusion with pedicle screws for progressive thoracolumbar junctional kyphosis in MPS patients are safe and effective methods. Its results are comparable to those achieved with conventional circumferential fusion. However, patients should be monitored closely for adjacent-segment problems. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:: Level IV—retrospective case series. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Hatamzadeh E.M.,Azerbaijan Medical University
Azerbaijan Medical Journal | Year: 2016

The article presents the results of a study conducted to determine the degree of influence of seasonal factors by the diseases of the circulatory system among population of regions, with different geographical and climatic conditions. Medical certificates of all death cases, including caused by diseases of the circulatory system, registered in Gusar (650 and 310) and Zagatala (1110 and 619) regions during 2013 year. Statistical data processing was carried out by methods of analysis of qualitative features . The reliability of differences of indexes by months and seasons were evaluated criteria Z (when comparing two months and two seasons) and χ2 (when comparing more than two months and seasons). Trend of monthly and seasonal dynamics of the index determined by regression analysis based on the method of least squares. Analysis of the results showed that the proportion of cardiovascular diseases among the causes of mortality in Gusar and Khachmaz regions differ from each other on an annual (47,7±1,96 and 55,8±1,49%) levels, by seasons (44,4±3,6 and 65,0±2,7% in the winter , 42,0±3,8 and 52,3±3,0% in the spring) and the months of the year (46,7 and 81,7% in February, 76,0 and 39,3 in August). Risque of mortality caused by diseases of the circulatory system in Khachmaz increases in winter, and in Gusar - in summer months.

Naghiyev R.N.,Azerbaijan Medical University
Azerbaijan Medical Journal | Year: 2016

The aim of our study was to compare the intraoperative, early postoperative and long-term results laparoscopic and retroperitoneoscopic simple nephrectomy in patients, depending on the etiological factor resulting in non-functional kidney. In the first group (calculous) the mean operative time - 108,7±3,9 min., the mean intraoperative blood loss - 92,5±8,2 mL, the mean drainage time - 3,16±0,21days, the mean time of hospital stay - 4,1±0,33 days. Conversion was observed in 3 patients (4,8±2,7%), postoperative complications in 11 cases - 17,5±4,8% (p<0,05), incision length was 5,21±0,26 sm (p<0,05). The mean operation time in second group (non-calculous) - 106,7±6,3 min., mean intraoperative blood loss - 86,8±10,1 mL, the mean drainage time - 2,87±0,13 days, the mean time of hospitalization - 3,85±0,42 days. Conversion was observed in 2 patients (3,8±2,7%), postoperative complications only in 2 patients - 3,85±0,42% (p<0,05), incision length was 4,50±0,28 sm (p<0,05). Laparoscopic and retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy performed in patients with non-functioning kidney of calculous etiology, is technically more complex and requires a more cautious approach in the postoperative period procedures.

Nasibov E.Y.,Azerbaijan Medical University
Azerbaijan Medical Journal | Year: 2016

The article presents the results of a comparative analysis of a number of indicators, characterizing renal function in 40 patients with peritonitis of different etiology. As results showed regardless of the etiology of peritonitis at prevailing majority of patients (95%) the uric acid in the blood was below of norm. However, levels of creatinine, urea, bilirubin and C reactive protein are higher than similar indicators of norm for 1,2-4,7 times. It was determined that if there was a direct proportional link between the uric acid content in blood and diuresis, then an inverse proportional relationship was observed between other studied indicators (creatinine, urea, total bilirubin, C-reactive protein) and diuresis.

Mekhtiev T.V.,Azerbaijan Medical University
Georgian medical news | Year: 2013

It was studied the erectile dysfunction (ED), the severity of depression and stress in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) in the stage of compensation and decompensation, also investigated the relationship between the duration of the disease and the clinical manifestation of the various forms of ED. On a material of 293 male patients aged 17-60 years. The duration of diabetes ranged from 6 months to 30 years (at avarage - 17,4±17,5 years). Performed routine and special methods of investigation (pharmacodopplerography), also fixed psychogenic, organic and mixed forms of erectile dysfunction in correlation with the clinical form of the current CD according International index of Erectile function (EF) and the tables of Juneman et al. Found that in patients with type I and II diabetes anxiety and depression were found in 32.1 % of cases, and were accompanied by ED. In the state of decompensation of diabetes mellitus manifestation of anxiety, depression and erectile dysfunction were observed more often than in a state of long-term compensation. Between the increase in the period of limitation of the DM and the incidence of organic and mixed forms of ED there is a direct correlation, and between the increase of diabetes duration and the frequency of occurrence of psychogenic form of erectile dysfunction - inversly relationship.

The main objective of the study was to investigate the efficacy of using a mono and combined therapy drugs Impaza and Nebido for secondary prevention and treatment of ED. It was examined 79 diabetic patients with ED. The age of patients within 18-60 years, duration of diabetes - from 6 months to 29 years, ED - from 6 months to 12 years. To identify the ED was used International index of erectile function (IIEF). The patients were divided into 3 groups: I - patients with organic ED, II - with psychogenic ED and III group - with mixed ED. Drags Impaza and Nebido used in all three groups, as mono or as complex therapy. It was using routine (anamnesis, clinico- biochemical data) and special (pharmacodopplerography) methods of study. The study did not include patients with increased level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), polycythemia, obstruction of the urinary tract with the prostate size increasing and prostate cancer. Statistical data was studed by using Pearson's χ2-test. The results showed the following. Indicators of glycohemoglobin above normal reduces the effectiveness of the treatment of erectile dysfunction in patients with diabetes mellitus.The combined use of drugs Impaza and Nebido in patients with ED had a positive resultes in 41,4-91,7% of the cases. These drugs are effective in diabetic patients with mild and moderate form of erectile dysfunction.

Huseynova G.A.,Azerbaijan Medical University
Azerbaijan Medical Journal | Year: 2016

The article provides an overview of contemporary literature morphological patterns of small glands of internal organs. An analysis of numerous scientific sources has enabled us to conclude that the small glands the walls of tubular organs of the digestive and respiratory systems, urinary-genital apparatus have different classification and are characterized by age, individual, regional, genital, involutive and several other morphological regularities.

Mammadzadeh A.Y.,Azerbaijan Medical University
Azerbaijan Medical Journal | Year: 2016

The article presents a review of current literature data devoted to the principles of pathogenesis and pathogenetic treatment of diabetes mellitus. It gives information about the complications that develop as a result of diabetes mellitus (in particular, changes in micro- and macrovascular), explains methods of detection and pathogenetic treatment of these changes.

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