Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences
Baku, Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan National Academy of science ), located in Baku, is the main state research organization in Azerbaijan. It was established in 1945.Academician-secretary of ANAS corresponding member of ANAS Rasim Alguliyev. Wikipedia.

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INCO-2009-1.5 | Award Amount: 1.86M | Year: 2010

The project focuses on the strengthening and deepening of the S&T cooperation with the Central Asian and South Caucasus countries, as well as with Moldova. It will be implemented in close coordination with the ongoing IncoNet EECA project (International Cooperation Network for Eastern European and Central Asian countries). The main aims of the IncoNet CA/SC project are: enhancing the policy dialogue with the target countries for the identification of research priorities of mutual interest; development of synergies with other Community policies and instrument for a stronger support to S&T related activities; organization of Info Days and of other activities aiming at an increased participation of researchers from CA and SC in FP7; capacity building and support to the FP7 contact points in the target regions; mapping of key research institutes and analyses/studies on cooperation patterns, S&T Indicators, innovation policies, etc. All the aforementioned activities will feed the Regional Policy Dialogue Platform encompassing all the EECA countries and supported by the ongoing IncoNet EECA project. In parallel, the Central Information Office set up in the context of the IncoNet EECA project and constituting a unique source of knowledge for the entire EECA region will extend and deepen the coverage of the Central Asian counties with particular emphasis on Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan that were not formally included in IncoNet EECA.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INCO.2013-1.4 | Award Amount: 3.28M | Year: 2013

The project aims to support the advancement of the bi-regional STI policy dialogue between the EU MS/AC and the Eastern Partnership countries, with an explicit focus on the Societal Challenges that have been identified to be of mutual interest for the two regions, namely Climate Change, Energy and Health. In particular the project will identify actions and stakeholders and will implement innovative pilot activities to strengthen the coordination and impact of the individual actions. In terms of policy dialogue, the project will provide analytical evidence and monitoring to feed the dialogue and to support joint agenda setting. Policy mix reviews will be implemented along with capacity building activities with emphasis on the promotion of Innovation. More specifically, links with the EU technology platforms will be established allowing mutual learning and exchange of best practices for enhanced public-private partnerships between the two regions. In addition, support to FP contacts will be provided to strengthen their role and to adapt their functioning to the challenges of H2020. The proposed project will build on the experience of the previous projects (IncoNet EECA and IncoNet CA/SC) targeting the region and will develop synergies with the forthcoming project targeting the Central Asian countries.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INCO-2007-1.3 | Award Amount: 4.01M | Year: 2008

The projects aim is to strengthen the Scientific and Technological cooperation between the EU Member States (and Associated Countries) and the Eastern European and Central Asian countries. To achieve its goals, the IncoNet EECA project will implement activities at both the policy and operational level. At the policy level the project will support the establishment and operation of a Regional S&T Policy Dialogue Platform bringing together national representatives/policy makers from the EU MS (and AC) and the EECA countries, as well as representatives of the European Commission. Similar Platforms will also be created at bilateral level addressing in particular the cooperation with Russia and Ukraine. The role of the Platforms will be to develop a strategy for the cooperation, to identify priority fields for actions, to discuss joint approaches on global issues, etc. In addition, within the project, a particular attention will be paid to other EU policies and instruments (e.g. ENP, CIP) focusing in particular on the opportunities and synergies that may arise for the S&T sector. At the operational level the project includes a variety of activities aiming at: an enhanced participation of researchers from the EECA countries in FP7; the support of NCP/NIP structures in EECA with particular emphasis on the ININ network set up by INTAS; dissemination activities including key conferences, etc. In addition, the project includes a series of analyses, reviews and monitoring activities that will feed the policy dialogue at the level of the aforementioned Platforms. Finally, a particular attention will be given to the issue of sustainability beyond the limits of the project, for all the activities and structures that will be supported.

Asvarov A.I.,Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences
Astronomy and Astrophysics | Year: 2014

The size distribution of supernova remnants (SNRs) can help to clarify the various aspects of their evolution and interaction with the interstellar medium (ISM). Since the observed samples of SNRs are a collection of objects with very different ages and origin that evolve in different conditions of the ISM, statistical Monte Carlo methods can be used to model their statistical distributions. Based on very general assumptions on the evolution, we have modeled samples of SNRs at various initial and environmental conditions, which were then compared with observed collections of SNRs. In the evolution of SNRs the pressure of the ISM is taken into account, which determines their maximum sizes and lifetimes. When comparing the modeled and observed distributions, it is very important to have homogeneous observational data free from selection effects. We found that a recently published collection of SNRs in M33 satisfies this requirement if we select the X-ray SNRs with hardness ratios in a limited range of values. An excellent agreement between distributions of this subset of SNRs and the subset of modeled SNRs was reached for a volume filling-factor of the warm phase of the ISM (partly ionized gas with nH ~ 0.2-0.5 cm-3; T ~ 8000-10 000 K) in M33 of ~90%. The statistical distributions constructed in this way, which reproduce practically all the statistical properties of observed SNRs, allowed us to obtain one of the important parameters of M33: the birthrate is one SNR every 140-150 yr, and the total number of SNRs with a shock Mach number Ms = 2 is larger than ~1000. © 2014 ESO.

Huseynova I.M.,Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics | Year: 2012

Two durum (Triticum durum L.), Barakatli-95 and Garagylchyg-2; and two bread (Triticum aestivum L.) wheat cultivars, Azamatli-95 and Giymatli-2/17 with different sensitivities to drought were grown in the field on a wide area under normal irrigation and severe water deficit. Drought caused a more pronounced inhibition in photosynthetic parameters in the more sensitive cvs Garagylchyg-2 and Giymatli-2/17 compared with the tolerant cvs Barakatli-95 and Azamatli-95. Upon dehydration, a decline in total chlorophyll and relative water content was evident in all cultivars, especially in later periods of ontogenesis. Potential quantum yield of PS II (Fv/Fm ratio) in cv Azamatli-95 was maximal during stalk emergency stage at the beginning of drought. This parameter increased in cv Garagylchyg-2, while in tolerant cultivar Barakatli-95 significant changes were not observed. Contrary to other wheat genotypes in Giymatli-2/17 drought caused a decrease in PS II quantum yield. Drought-tolerant cultivars showed a significant increase in CAT activity as compared to control plants. In durum wheat cultivars maximal activity of CAT was observed at the milk ripeness and in bread wheat cultivars at the end of flowering. APX activity also increased in drought-treated leaves: in tolerant wheat genotypes maximal activity occurred at the end of flowering, in sensitive ones at the end of ear formation. GR activity increased in the tolerant cultivars under drought stress at all stages of ontogenesis. SOD activity significantly decreased in sensitive cultivars and remained at the control level or increased in resistant ones. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Photosynthesis Research for Sustainability: from Natural to Artificial. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Aliguliyev R.M.,Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences
Computational Intelligence | Year: 2010

Multi-document summarization is a process of automatic creation of a compressed version of a given collection of documents that provides useful information to users. In this article we propose a generic multi-document summarization method based on sentence clustering. We introduce five clustering methods, which optimize various aspects of intra-cluster similarity, inter-cluster dissimilarity and their combinations. To solve the clustering problem a modification of discrete particle swarm optimization algorithm has been proposed. The experimental results on open benchmark data sets from DUC2005 and DUC2007 show that our method significantly outperforms the baseline methods for multi-document summarization. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INCO-2007-3.1.2 | Award Amount: 2.60M | Year: 2009

The main objectives of the BS-ERA.NET project are: - reduce the fragmentation of the European Research Area (ERA) by improving the coherence and coordination of national and regional research programmes; - to develop and strengthen the coordination of public research programmes conducted at national and regional level, which target a group of countries from the extended Black Sea region. -to sustain the communication in order to develop better reciprocal knowledge and promote trust-building among programme owners and/or managers through a mutual learning process, and a systemic exchange of information and good practice. -to enhance the complementarities and synergy between the Framework Programme and activities carried out in the framework of governmental structures such as COST, EUREKA, NEP, UNESCO-BRESCE or EIROforum. -to promote a network and mutually open at national regional research programmes level which will lead to: concrete cooperation in the frame of the Black Sear Research Programme (BSRP) and to the development and implementation of joint programmes and activities in the region

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: ENV.2007. | Award Amount: 940.78K | Year: 2008

CASPINFO aims at strengthening the regional capacity and performance of marine environmental data & information management, and adoption of international meta-data standards and data-management practices, involving stakeholders from management, research, and industry. The objectives are: To initiate and maintain a Caspian Sea network of leading environmental and socio-economic research institutes, governmental departments, oil & gas industries, and international bodies, jointly working on the definition, development and operation of the CASPINFO service. Development and establishment of an Internet based CASPINFO Data & Information Service to facilitate the access to socio-economic and legal information, metadata and distributed datasets, managed by the regional partners, and to support marine environmental management. To explore and to develop a sustainable operation model for the CASPINFO service, thereby taking into account that the partners are coming from different backgrounds (public and private sectors) and possibly will deal with a mix of public and commercial data & information. Improved access to high quality, up-to-date environmental, economic, social and industrial (meta-) data and information, is a key issue. The CASPINFO data & information service will serve as a repository for relevant, available marine environmental and industrial (meta-) data and serve as an important instrument for marine environmental scientists, oil & gas industry and other marine industries, governmental decision makers and managers and the general public. Interoperability and harmonisation with other European systems are key conditions. CASPINFO will zoom in on the environment, but moreover on supporting assessments of impacts and effectiveness of measures concerning oil & gas industry activities, which are of great economic importance to the region. CASPINFO will also be promoted to other marine industries, that might benefit from the service.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: INCO.2011-6.1 | Award Amount: 567.49K | Year: 2012

The PRIMA-ERA project is designed to reinforce research collaboration between the Institute of Physics, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (IPA) and research centres in the European Research Area. The IPA is a leading organization on scientific research, knowledge transfer and graduate education in physics in Azerbaijan. PRIMA-ERA will facilitate the collaboration of the IPA with research centres in EU member and associate countries and reinforce its engagement in the FP7 projects in research topics covered by such thematic priorities as energy and nanotechnologies. The primary objectives of the project are: - to increase IPA capacities and preparedness for collaboration in the FP7 through twinning and networking, development of joint research plans and training modules and trainings; - to increase visibility of IPA for international scientific community and other stakeholders through dissemination of scientific information and promotional activities; - to ensure the compliance of the IPAs research activities with socio-economic needs of the country and regionally and provide better career opportunities for young scientists through encouragement innovative approaches and development of research strategy. The project consortium between the IPA, CNRS Institut de Recherche et Development sur lEnergie Photovoltaique, CNRS-IRDEP (France) and TUBITAK Marmara Research Centre, TUBITAK - MAM (Turkey), has been established to effectively fulfill the projects objectives. The PRIMA-ERA will comply with the EU strategies for an open ERA as mentioned in the EC Communication for International S&T Cooperation by providing mobility and access to research facilities between the centres with similar research interests. The project actions will be in coherence with the concept of the mutual interests of the EC and the ENP partner countries as stated in the mentioned Communication.

10 November 2016, Amsterdam, NL: The Azerbaijani and Belarusian networks for research and education have connected to the GÉANT European network, allowing scientists and students in Azerbaijan and Belarus to exchange and collaborate with their peers from around the world. Enabling these connections, the EU-funded Eastern Partnership Connect (EaPConnect) project aims to create a world-class research and education (R&E) network in the Eastern Partnership region, connecting Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine to the GÉANT European backbone network. This is in line with the European Neighbourhood policy that supports increased interconnectivity and economic development for the European Union and its neighbours. Professor Rasim Alguliyev, Director of IIT of ANAS – the Institute of Information Technology of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences - says: "This link opens the door to new opportunities for Azerbaijan and brings our community closer to Europe. Together we can discover more solutions to the challenges we all face. I trust EaPConnect will bring positive changes across the region." Professor Alexander Tuzikov, General Director of UIIP NASB - the United Institute of Informatics Problems National Academy of Sciences of Belarus – comments : "This connection comes at a time when the need for more capacity and tailored services for our research and education community is high. We are proud to support the Belarusian and European researchers in their race for innovation and expect the outcomes to benefit us all." Strengthening inter-regional connectivity and research collaboration With Georgia and Armenia connecting earlier this year, the connection of Azerbaijan and Belarus strengthens the foundations of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) as a collaborative hub and allows the region to contribute to global research. Steve Cotter, CEO of GÉANT, adds: ‘’Connecting Belarus and Azerbaijan builds up our pool of talents and resources. The Eastern Partnership is evolving quickly and GÉANT is proud to be the first to connect to the region. With many opportunities to collaborate on research in climate change, seismology, high-energy physics or high-performance computing and e-learning, we can be sure our networks will allow better cooperation and bring forth the breakthroughs the world needs more quickly." Seizing the momentum, the R&E networking organisations of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine worked together through EaPConnect to organise the first Eastern Partnership E-infrastructure Conference (EaPEC) in Tbilisi, Georgia, on 6-7 October 2016. The event provided human networking opportunities for participants from the region and featured major e-infrastructure and research projects such as the Human Brain Project, OpenAire and CERN. Conference website: FURTHER INFORMATION: The Azerbaijan link connects Baku to Budapest in Hungary with a bandwidth of 1 Gigabit per second, and allows more than 30 institutions to participate in global research. Running from Minsk to Poznan in Poland, the Belarus link offers 5 Gigabit per second capacity for data exchange across the border. About AzScienceNet and Institute of Information Technology of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (IIT of ANAS) AzScienceNet, the national R&E networking organisation for Azerbaijan, founded by the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, has been serving the research community since the 1980s. Being the first point of internet connectivity in the country, has led AzScienceNet to advanced global networking technology. Today, with a data centre and modern network connected via a 1Gbps direct EaPConnect link to GÉANT, AzScienceNet delivers most of the modern services such as connectivity, cloud, eduroam, videoconferencing, identity and security, distant education, web hosting, storage, TV broadcasting and VoIP. AzScienceNet is the e-infrastructure of national e-science and is developing the national open science cloud in correspondence with the European Open Science Cloud. AzScienceNet has always been strong thanks to its parent organisation, the Institute of Information Technology of ANAS. IIT is Azerbaijan’s leading research organisation for Computer Science, Information Technology and Information Society. Besides its research centres and graduate education (Masters and PhD), IIT has unique education opportunities in IT for PhD students of all disciplines, possible via distance education technology. IIT is one of 40 research institutes in the government-funded Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, which conducts basic and applied research, coordinates research activities and educates most of PhD students in the country, works closely with government and forms science policy. Website: About UIIP NASB United Institute of Informatics Problems National Academy of Sciences of Belarus United Institute of Informatics Problems (UIIP) is the leading organisation in Belarus in fundamental and applied research on information technologies: CAD/CAM/CAE systems, applied mathematics, high-performance parallel computing, bioinformatics and medical informatics, geoinformation systems, digital cartogragraphic systems, space informatics, GRID-technologies. The Institute is the provider of scientific and educational internet networks in Belarus. It takes part in state recommendations on information technologies implementation, scientific support of informatisation processes, prognosis in related science and technology fields in Belarus, high skill specialists training. UIIP NASB is a beneficiary partner of the EU-funded EaPConnect project. Website: About EaPConnect The Eastern Partnership Connect (EaPConnect) project sets out to create a regional research and education (R&E) network in Eastern Europe and the Southern Caucasus. This will interconnect the national R&E networks (NRENs) in six Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries and integrate them with the pan-European GÉANT network. The partner countries are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. The overall objective is to decrease the digital divide, improve intra-regional connectivity and facilitate participation of local scientists, students and academics in global R&E collaborations. By interconnecting the R&E communities across the region and with their European counterparts, EaPConnect will create a gateway for talented individuals in the EaP countries to be truly global players. EaPConnect is managed by networking organisation GÉANT in collaboration with the NRENs in the six beneficiary partner countries, and includes ten associate partners from other world regions. The European Commission’s Directorate-General for Neighbourhood and Enlargements Negotiations (DG NEAR) is contributing 95% (€13m) to the cost of the EaPConnect project. Website: Twitter: @EaPConnect_News Facebook: @EaPConnectProject About GÉANT GÉANT is Europe’s leading collaboration on network and related e-infrastructure and services for the benefit of research and education, contributing to Europe’s economic growth and competitiveness. The organisation develops, delivers and promotes advanced network and associated e-infrastructure services, and supports innovation and knowledge-sharing amongst its members, partners and the wider research and education networking community. Website: Twitter: @GEANTnews Facebook: @GEANTcommunity About DG NEAR The mission of the Directorate-General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations (DG NEAR) is to take forward the European Union’s neighbourhood and enlargement policies, as well as to coordinate relations with European Economic Area - European Free Trade Association (EEA-EFTA) countries insofar as Commission policies are concerned. By implementing assistance actions in Europe’s eastern and southern neighbourhood, DG NEAR supports reform and democratic consolidation, and strengthens the prosperity, stability and security around Europe. Website: This story is online at:

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