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Ballur M.S.,Azeezia Institute of Medical Science | Murgod P.,S Nijalingappa Medical College | Dayananda R.,Mysore Medical College
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2016

Background and objectives: Human identification is based on scientific principles, mainly involving estimation of age, sex, fingerprints, measurement of height, dental records. Just like these methods, lip prints can also be instrumental in identifying the sex which is vital for establishing the identity of an individual. The study of lip prints is known as cheiloscopy. The main objective of study was to find out accuracy of sex determination through lip prints. Method: The study was conducted on 2nd, 3rd and 4th year students of Azeezia medical college, Kollam. Subjects were 100 males and 100 females of the state of Kerala, aged between 18 and 25years. Details of the study were explained to the subjects and lip prints taken and analysed as per the Classification given by Tsuchihashi. Results: Type I was the most common lip print in total subjects and males. Type III predominated in females. Type I, I’, II constituted majority of females. Type III, IV,V predominated in males. Conclusion: The results obtained in our study do not prove it to be an infallible method. But it still seems to open a small window to a vast unventured field. The need of the hour is to develop a standardized method to assess and accurately record the cheiloscopic patterns. © 2015, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved. Source


Chethan P.,Manipal University India | Prakash K.G.,Azeezia Institute of Medical Science | Murlimanju B.V.,Manipal University India | Prashanth K.U.,Manipal University India | And 5 more authors.
Turkish Neurosurgery | Year: 2012

AIM: The objectives were to study the morphology of the foramen magnum in dry skulls and to evaluate its antero-posterior diameter, transverse diameter and the foramen magnum index. MATERIAL and METHODS: The foramen magna of 53 dry human cadaver skulls that were obtained from the neuroanatomy laboratory were examined. Different shapes of the foramen magnum were macroscopically noted and classified. The antero-posterior and transverse diameters were measured and the average foraminal index was calculated. RESULTS: The foramen magnum shapes were determined as a round shape in 22.6% of cases, egg shape in 18.9%, tetragonal in 18.9%, oval in 15.1%, irregular in 15.1%, hexagonal in 5.6% and pentagonal in 3.8% of the cases. In 20.7% of skulls, the occipital condyle was observed to protrude into the foramen. The mean antero-posterior and transverse diameter of the foramen magnum was determined as 31 ± 2.4 mm and 25.2 ± 2.4 mm respectively. The average foramen magnum index was 1.2 ± 0.1. CONCLUSION: The present study has determined the various shapes of foramen magnum and its morphometry. The data obtained may be of useful to the neurosurgeon in analyzing the morphological anatomy of craniovertebral junction. The findings are also enlightening for the anthropologists, morphologists and clinical anatomists. Source


Viveka S.,Azeezia Institute of Medical Science | Sudha M.J.,Azeezia Institute of Medical Science
Biomedicine (India) | Year: 2013

Introduction: Atlanto-occipital fusion or occipitalization of atlas or assimilation of atlas is an important congenital malformation of the craniovertebral region because of the proximity to the spinomedullary region. Aim: In this study a detailed analysis of such fusion of atlas with occipital bone is attempted and classification of fusion, its embryological basis, paleopathological aspects and clinical aspects of occipitalization are delt. Materials and Methods: 100 skulls were collected from the department of Anatomy of 4 medical colleges in south Kerala and examined for vertebrobasal skeletal abnormalities. Results: One skull showed atlanto occipital fusion in zones 1,2,3 on left side and zones 1 and 2 on right side. Source


Dayananda R.,Mysore Medical College | Ballur M.S.,Azeezia Institute of Medical Science
Journal of South India Medicolegal Association | Year: 2014

Background - Myocardial bridging (MB) refers to a congenital condition where a segment of a major coronary artery courses within the myocardium for a variable distance, and has been reported as an incidental finding in many cases Systolic compression of a coronary artery by overlying myocardial tissue is termed myocardial bridging. Myocardial bridging usually has a benign prognosis. Although its involvement in the development of severe cardiovascular pathologies is disputed there are many proofs that it may possibly be associated, in particular circumstances, with sudden cardiac death, the development of malignant arrhythmias, atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, hibernation or stunning, etc. The development of cardiovascular complications is mainly dependent upon the presence of a significant hemodynamic obstruction.Conclusion – Myocardial bridging can be a cause of sudden death, if it is associated with significant obstructive atherosclerosis in the intramyocardial part. © 2014 South India Medico-Legal Association. All rights reserved. Source


Sudha M.J.,Azeezia Institute of Medical Science | Viveka S.,Azeezia Institute of Medical Science | Rai M.,Azeezia Institute of Medical Science
International Journal of Pharmacy and Technology | Year: 2013

Objectives: This study was done to investigate the antioxidant status in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats and effect of aqueous extract of Murrayakoenigii leaves on it. Materials and Methods: Albino Wistar rats weighing 200-250 g were induced diabetes with intraperitoneal streptozotocin and fed with aqueous extract of MK leaves for 30 days. Their blood glucose levels were measured and compared with controls. Erythrocyte malondealdehyde, catalase activity and total antioxidant capacity was measured after sacrificing the rats and compared with control. Results: It was noted that blood glucose levels in diabetic control rats were 2 fold than the control and MK leaves fed group. Erythrocyte malondealdehyde levels, catalase activities were significantly higher in diabetic group in comparison with normal and MK groups. Total antioxidant capacity was significantly higher in MK leaves fed group in comparison with diabetic group. Interpretation and conclusion: Diabetes induced in rats by streptozotocin is indeed a high oxidative stress state. Aqueous extract of MK leaves has resulted in lower blood glucose levels. Also MK leaves are beneficial in diabetes as it has antioxidant effects as shown by the parameters in the present study. Source

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