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Hassanzadeh Z.,Azad University of Ardabil | Vahdany F.,Azad University of Ardabil
International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature | Year: 2014

In the written texts on foreign language learning, a group of studies has stressed the function of learning context and learning chances for learners’ language input. The present thesis had two main goals: on the one hand, different types of input to which Iranian grade four high school EFL learners’ are exposed were looked at; on the other hand, the possible relationship between types and quantity of input and Iranian EFL learners’ oral proficiency was investigated. It was supposed that EFL learners who have access to more input will show better oral proficiency than those who do not have. Instruments used in the present study for the purpose of data collation included PET test, researcher- made questionnaire, oral language proficiency test and face- to -face interview. Data were gathered from 50 Iranian female grade four high school foreign language learners who were selected from among 120 students whose score on PET test were +1SD from the mean score. The results of the Spearman rank –order correlation test for the types of input and oral language proficiency scores, showed that the participants’ oral proficiency score significantly correlated with the intended four sources of input including spoken (rho= 0.416, sig=0.003), written (rho= 0.364, sig=0.009), aural (rho= 0.343, sig=0.015) and visual or audio-visual types of input (rho= 0.47, sig=0.00). The findings of Spearman rank –order correlation test for the quantity of input and oral language proficiency scores also showed a significant relationship between quantity of input and oral language proficiency (rho= 0.543, sig= 0.00). The findings showed that EFL learners’ oral proficiency is significantly correlated with efficient and effective input. The findings may also suggest answers to the question why most Iranian English learners fail to speak English fluently, which might be due to lack of effective input. This may emphasize the importance of the types and quantity of input in EFL classes and syllabus designers. © Australian International Academic Centre, Australia.


HadiBigloo R.R.,Azad University of Ardabil | Haghi V.,Ardabil province Education office district
Life Science Journal | Year: 2013

In third millenium, information technology was considered as a main Continuum of evolution and development in the world and the achievements and results which are Come from it, integrated with the people?s life in a way that, unnoticiny to it, will create some main interferences in Society, People?s welfare and peace. So the Key role of modern information and Communication technologies in economical, Social and Political fields are unignorable.Parallel to extended evolution of technology and variable information of world, one of the most important arguments in general society of technology and developing of information is electronic government issue.The government which in it, the use of internet by governmental organizations for giving services and information to people, Companies and other government organizations, is as unignorable necessity and therefore all the citizens, trade Companies, other government organizations and government office-workers be able to access to information and government services by a web-site in internet, without any time and place limitation. In current article the basis of electronic government and the importance of its creation in information and communication technologies era, will be studied, for this at first we will state the different interpretations of electronic government,its history, and then we discuss about the different point of view of electronic government phenomenon, and following it we will mention the usable symbols in electronic government, united nations report about the electronic government establishing, advantages of electronic governments, necessities of accomplishing the electronic government, and Pinally the problems and obstacles that can be seen in Iran in achieving the electronic government, and also the solutions that are advised in this field.


Moghadam B.N.,Islamic Azad University at Ardabil | Sarboland K.,Islamic Azad University at Pārsābād | HadiBigloo R.R.,Azad University of Ardabil | Bigham N.,Azad University of Ardabil
Life Science Journal | Year: 2013

In achieving the role of information technology in efficiency with the aim of promoting the efficiency level of human forces, this study follows this question to answer, i.e. whether the information technology in promoting the efficiency of Saderat bank branches of Ardabil province staffs is efficiency or not? This study is descriptive correlative and the collection technique is measurement based, the participants were the staffs of Saderat bank branches of Ardabil province 256 people where based on the Morghan's table 151 subjects were choose randomly and proportionally. The data collection instruments included the researcher-made questionnaire which its content and face validity studied and confirmed by specialists, also its reliability based on the Cronbach Alpha coefficient estimated %81. the data analysis performed by using the SPSS software, descriptive statistics, Pierson's correlation coefficient test and regression. The result show that, there is a direct and meaningful correlation between the level of familiarity with information and communication technology (ICT), its usage and attitude to information and communication with efficiency of human forces.


HadiBigloo R.R.,Azad University of Ardabil | Sarboland K.,Islamic Azad University at Pārsābād | Moghadam B.N.,Islamic Azad University at Ardabil | Amiriyan V.,Islamic Azad University
Life Science Journal | Year: 2013

In achieving the role of Electronic Government for reducing the bureaucracy, this study follows this question to answer, whether the implementation of Electronic Government in reducing the bureaucracy in engineering system organization of Ardabil province is effective or not? This study is descriptive-correlative and the data collection technique is survey-based. The participants were the staffs and members of engineering system Organization about 1900 people where based on Morghan's table 320 subjects were choose randomly and proportionally. The data collecting instruments included the researcher-made questionnaire which its content and face validity studied and confirmed by specialists, also its reliability based descriptive statistics and spearman's coefficient test. The results show that there is a direct and meaningful correlation between cultural, official, financial and on the Cranach Alpha Coefficient estimated %92. The data analysis performed by using the spss software, human establishment in implementation of electronic government with reducing the bureaucracy.


PubMed | University of Mohaghegh and Azad University of Ardabil
Type: | Journal: Eating and weight disorders : EWD | Year: 2016

Despite the strong effect of central obesity on individuals physical healthoutcomes, there is little evidence underlying the relationship between central obesity and mental disorders such as depression, especially in children, adolescents, and youths of the developing countries. This study explores the relationship between depressive symptoms (DS) with central and overall obesity in a sample of Iranian children, adolescents, and youths.One thousand and fifty-two male participants ranging from 7 to 24years old underwent standard anthropometry, and filled the DS questionnaire.Having controlled the potential confounders (e.g., age, socioeconomic status, pubertal maturation status, and physical activity), we found waist circumference (WC) significantly related to DS in the children (standardized =0.14; P<0.05) and adolescents (standardized =0.13; P<0.05). No significant relationship was observed between WC and DS in the youths (standardized =0.09; P=0.22). In addition, no significant relationship was observed between DS and the percentage of fat in the sampled children (standardized =0.085; P=0.13), adolescents (standardized =0.10; P=0.10), and youths (standardized =-0.02; P=0.75).Central obesity (but not overall obesity) was a significant predictor of DS in the children and adolescents (7-18years). However, DS in the youths (19-24years) were not significantly associated with both the central and overall body obesity indices.

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