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Baddi, India

Kumari M.,Jaypee University of Information Technology | Kumar S.,Jaypee University of Information Technology | Chauhan R.S.,Jaypee University of Information Technology | Ravikanth K.,Ayurvet Ltd
Waste Management and Research | Year: 2011

The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential of bioconversion of industrial herbal waste to vermicompost using Eudrilus eugeniae. Vermibeds were made using a mixture of herbal waste and cowdung (1 : 1) in comparison with the use of cowdung alone as substrate, resulting in vermicomposts 1 and 2, respectively. Different parameters were studied and it was observed that the nutrient profile of vermicompost 1 strongly influenced the growth of pea (Pisum sativum) and marigold plant (Tagetus erectus). The dry and fresh weight of shoots and roots, number of flowers, total yield in terms of fruit showed significant increase with vermicompost 1. Furthermore, vermicompost 1 (herbal waste and cow dung as substrate) resulted in a significant reduction in TOC by 58% in comparison with vermicompost 2 (cowdung as substrate). The C : N ratio was less than 20 in vermicompost 1 as well as in vermicompost 2, which indicated an advanced degree of stabilization and mineralization. The ability of earthworms to survive, grow and breed in the vermibed fed with the herbal waste indicates the sustainability and efficiency of a heterogeneous kind of organic waste. The results of the study suggested that bulk industrial herbal waste can be utilized as a substrate for vermicomposting and this can be proposed as an alternative for waste disposal in a clean green manner, promoting the concept of organic farming. © 2011 International Solid Waste Association. Source

Yadav G.B.,P.A. College | Kadam A.S.,P.A. College | Pachpande A.M.,P.A. College | Lambate S.B.,P.A. College | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Poultry Science | Year: 2010

Earlier the food passes through gastrointestinal tract, better is the stimulus for initiating the gut function development. Morphology of the small intestine of Vencobb broiler chick was determined immediately post hatch by comparing between untreated control group fed with standard basal ration 48 h after hatch and the treatment groups (T2 and T3) offered Chikimune at 2 different doses of 6 and 8 g/chick/day for early 2 days followed by administration of standard basal ration after 2 days. Pattern of development of the intestinal mucosa, mechanisms underlying the structural changes in small intestine were assessed. The length, weight and diameter of different parts of small intestine developed significantly earlier in treatment groups (II and III) as compared to control (T1). Crypt depth and villous height increased with age in the duodenum, jejunum and illeum. There were also significant changes in apparent villous surface area in the three regions, while interactions between age and intestinal region were significant in the case of crypt depth and villous height although, the intestinal mucosa of the strain was structurally developed at hatch, there was much change in structure with age, especially over the first 7 day post hatch. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2010. Source

Sawarkar A.R.,Nagpur Veterinary College | Sonkusale P.M.,Nagpur Veterinary College | Kurkure N.V.,Nagpur Veterinary College | Jangade C.R.,Nagpur Veterinary College | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Poultry Science | Year: 2011

A study was conducted in 75 dayold Vencobb broiler chicks to evaluate toxic effects of aflatoxin B1 and ochratoxin A and efficacy of herbomineral toxin binder product (Toxiroak Gold) in preventing comycotoxicosis. Chicks were randomly divided into three groups of 25 each. Group I served as healthy control (C) and given standard basal ration and no treatment, Group T 0 and T 1 comprised healthy birds fed standard basal diet and mycotoxicated with 100 ppb each of aflatoxin B1 and ochratoxin A from 0-42 days. Group T 0 is not given any treatment and served as positive control; however, mycotoxicated group T 1 was administered herbomineral toxin binder product Toxiroak Gold@1kg/tonne of feed for 6 weeks. Mycotoxin adversely affected body weight gain, feed consumption, feed efficiency, haematobiochemical profile. However, supplementation of herbomineral toxin binder feed supplement has provided amelioration in mixed mycotoxicosis in broilers. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2011. Source

Sonkusale P.,NVC | Bhandarker A.G.,NVC | Kurkare N.V.,NVC | Ravikanth K.,Ayurvet Ltd | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Poultry Science | Year: 2011

A 6 week long experimental trial was conducted to study whether the supplementation of herbal products Superliv liq. and Repchol (supplied by M/S Ayurvet Limited, Baddi, India) are efficacious in treatment of liver and kidney due to CCL4 A total of 75 Cobb day old broilers were divided into three equal groups (n = 25). Group A served as negative control, group B (positive control) and C (treatment group) were induced with FLKS with CCL4 @1 ml/kg body weight orally, administered every 3rd day during 15-28 days of trial. Treated group C were given Superliv Liq. @5 ml/100 chicks/day for first 2 weeks and @ 10 ml/100 chicks/day for 3-6 weeks along with drinking water in combination with Repchol@500 gm/ton of feed from 0-6 weeks. Fatty liver and kidney syndrome lead to depression in growth rate, lowered feed efficiency and disturbances in immunopathological and biochemical parameters. Final mean body weight of group C was significantly (p<0.01) higher than group A and B. A significant (p<0.01) decrease in feed conversion ratio was observed in group C as compared to group B. A significant (p<0.01) decrease in level of cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL, VLDL, creatinine, liver enzymes (SGOT and SGPT) and increase in serum protein level was recorded in group C as compared to group B on 28th and 42nd day of experiment, which was in confirmation with the values of negative control group A, falling into normal range. Gross and histopathology of liver and kidney revealed that there was mild congestion and negligible degenerative changes in group C in contrast to severe changes of FLKS syndrome in group B. It can be concluded that liver tonic Superliv liquid along with phytoadditive Repchol (supplement for choline and biotin) efficaciously ameliorated the CCL4 induced toxicity, when administered prophylactically in broilers. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2011. Source

Ravikanth K.,Ayurvet Ltd | Maini S.,Ayurvet Ltd | Rekhe D.S.,Ayurvet Ltd
International Journal of Poultry Science | Year: 2010

Supplementation of phytase alongwith certain synergistic herbs (Ayufytase) was assessed on growth performance, phosphorus excretion and bone mineralization in 6 weeks trial using 90 day old Vencob broiler chicks fed corn-soyabean based diet. Chicks were randomly divided into three equal groups (n = 30), each having three replicates. Composition of experimental diets for all three groups were designed in a way that group T 0 was offered standard basal diet formulated as per NRC (1994) requirements containing Dicalcium Phosphate (DCP) as the source of inorganic phosphorus and without any phytase supplementation, T 1 was offered basal diet with supplemental Ayufytase@100gm/tonne of feed replacing 50% of DCP, T 2 was offered basal diet with Ayufytase@100gm/tonne of feed replacing 65% of DCP. Feed intake and body weight gain was recorded on weekly basis. A metabolic trial of three days was conducted at the end of the trial to estimate percent (%) Phosphorus (P) excreted in faeces. Among bone mineralization parameters; tibia ash, toe ash, phosphorus %, tibiotarsal and robusticity index were determined at 6 th week. The results of treatment group (T 1 and T 2) reveals significant (p≤0.05) improvement in feed intake, mean weekly body weight gain, phosphorus retention and bone mineralization parameters than control group. It can be concluded that Ayufytase is helpful to reduce environmental pollution caused by excretory Phosphorus by birds most efficiently if replaced with inorganic sources of phosphorus in basal ration at 50% level. © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2010. Source

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