Axion Biosystems, Llc | Date: 2015-08-12
A cell-based biosensor array includes a base plate having a plurality of substantially transparent areas. The cell-based biosensor array also includes a flexible substrate coupled to the base plate and having disposed thereon a plurality of electrode sets, a plurality of terminal contacts, and a plurality of conductive traces. Each electrode set is disposed proximate a respective one of the substantially transparent areas, and each electrode set includes at least one electrode configured to detect an electric signal. Each terminal contact is associated with a respective one of the at least one electrode and disposed proximate a perimeter of the flexible substrate. Each conductive trace is electrically coupling a respective at least one electrode to the corresponding terminal contact. A first portion of flexible substrate including the electrode sets is disposed on a first surface of the base plate. A second portion of the flexible substrate including the terminal contacts is disposed on a second surface of the base plate.
Georgia Institute of Technology and Axion Biosystems, Llc | Date: 2013-06-17
A 3D microelectrode device includes a flexible substrate containing poly-dimethyl siloxane (PDMS). The device may be fabricated in a miniature form factor suitable for attachment to a small organ such as a lateral gastrocnemius muscle of a live rat. In addition to providing a miniaturized, conformable attachment, the device provides an anchoring action via one or more microelectrodes, each having an insertable tip particularly shaped to provide the anchoring action. Furthermore, a base portion of each of the microelectrodes is embedded inside conductive poly-dimethyl siloxane (cPDMS). The cPDMS is contained in a pad that is coupled to a conductive track embedded in the flexible substrate. Embedding of the base portion inside the cPDMS material not only allows the microelectrode to bend in various directions, but also provides good electrical conductivity while eliminating the need for attachment processes using solder or epoxy adhesives.
Axion Biosystems, Llc | Date: 2014-03-06
Implementations disclosed herein provide for a microneedle electrode system comprising a microneedle electrode patch connected to external electronics. The microneedle electrode patch comprises a first flexible substrate having a plurality of conductive pads disposed thereon, a plurality of three-dimensional, individually addressable microneedle electrode arrays where each array has a plurality of microneedles extending from an upper surface thereof and a lower surface adapted to contact a corresponding one of the plurality of conductive pads disposed on the first substrate, and a second flexible substrate having a plurality of openings defined therein dimensioned to accommodate at least a portion of the upper surface of the microneedle electrode array from which the microneedles extend. Each of the conductive pads is disposed in electrical communication with a corresponding one of the plurality of microneedle electrode arrays and the first and second substrate are bonded together such that each one of the plurality of microneedle electrode arrays extends through a corresponding one of the plurality of openings defined in the second substrate.
Axion Biosystems, Llc | Date: 2015-06-19
Electrophysiology culture plates are provided and are formed from a transparent micro-electrode array (MEA) plate. The MEA plate comprises a substrate, a first layer and a first insulating layer. The substrate has a plurality of vias extending from an upper to a lower surface, each via being in electrical contact with each of a plurality of contact pads disposed on the lower surface. The first layer is disposed on the upper surface of the substrate and has a plurality of MEA arrays in in electrical communication with at least a first routing layer. Each MEA array comprises a plurality of reference electrodes and a plurality of microelectrodes and the first routing layer is in electrical communication with a select number of the plurality of vias. A first insulating layer is disposed on the first layer. The MEA plate is joined to a biologic culture plate having a plurality of culture wells such that each culture well defines an interior cavity having a bottom surface that is at least partially transparent and in positioned in registration with a select optical port. The MEA plate is coupled to the biologic culture well plate such that each MEA array is operatively coupled to one culture well wherein each microelectrode and each reference electrode are in electrical communication with the interior cavity through the bottom surface of the culture well.
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services | Branch: | Program: SBIR | Phase: Phase II | Award Amount: 1.57M | Year: 2010
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The proposed study utilizes novel electronics and microfabrication techniques to create scalable, in-vitro Microelectrode Array (MEA) technologies that conform to industry standards for multiwell plates. This research will not only enable rapid advancements in the study of network-level electrophysiology, but it will also create new opportunities for pharmaceutical research and toxicity screening. This Phase II proposal involves two significant developments for neurological research. Specifically, Aim 1 builds on the scalable simultaneous stimulation and recording Integrated Circuit (IC) developed in Phase I to produce a full electronics platform for capturing, processing and storing electrophysiological information. Among its many advantages, this electronics platform will recover signals traditionally obscured by stimulation artifacts. This captured data, combined with the ability to simultaneously manage 768 microelectrodes and automate experimental protocols, will provide new measures of single-cell and network-level neural activity. Aim 2 will produce scalable, inexpensive, and flexible processes for fabricating multiwell MEAs that, in conjunction with the electronics developed in Aim 1, will yield a high-throughput, network-electrophysiology toolset. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This research uses novel electronic and fabrication technologies to create faster, lower-cost methods for neural research. Ultimately, this development will facilitate medical and scientific discoveries that will benefit the treatment of neural disorders such as Parkinson's disease and epilepsy.