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Ojiewo C.,ICRISAT Ethiopia | Keatinge D.J.D.H.,he World Vegetable Center | Hughes J.,he World Vegetable Center | Tenkouano A.,AVRDC | And 3 more authors.
World Medical and Health Policy | Year: 2015

Rising food and nutritional insecurity threatens the livelihoods of millions of poor people, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Vegetable and legume production and consumption are a potent mechanism for small-scale, disadvantaged farmers to obtain the required nutrients in their diets and to generate much-needed income through trade. Vegetables and legumes are key sources of nutrients and health-promoting phytochemicals, providing higher micronutrient contents and a wider spectrum of essential compounds to meet nutritional and health needs than other food sources. Diversifying diets with vegetables and legumes is a cheaper, surer, and more sustainable way to supply a range of nutrients to the body and combat malnutrition and associated health problems than other approaches that target only a single or a few nutritional factors. Furthermore, vegetables and legumes often accompany staple crops in meals, and most staple crops are less palatable without vegetable or legume accompaniments. As a growing world population demands more and higher quality foods, and as environmental problems such as soil degradation, water scarcity, biodiversity loss, and climate change become more acute, the need for innovative vegetable and legume research solutions to improve food and nutritional security cannot be overemphasized. © 2015 Policy Studies Organization.

Keatinge J.D.H.,World Vegetable Center | Chadha M.L.,CCS Haryana Agricultural University | D'Hughes J.A.,World Vegetable Center | Easdown W.J.,Indian International Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics | And 13 more authors.
Biological Agriculture and Horticulture | Year: 2012

The attainment of the Millennium Development Goals is at severe risk, owing to rising malnutrition and high child stunting and mortality rates, greater poverty, a large increase in the incidence of noncommunicable diseases, and lack of progress in women's empowerment. Here, the role of vegetable home, school, community, and disaster recovery gardens as a pro-poor and pro-environment intervention in the developing world is reviewed. This includes the contribution of vegetable gardens in improving food and nutritional security, generating additional income, providing employment, contributing to better health, and helping to empower disadvantaged groups in society. The implications of global research in the tropics and subtropics over the last 20-30 years are assessed over a wide geographic and linguistic range. The effectiveness and sustainability of such interventions are considered in the light of their contribution to the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals. Suggestions for potential new directions for research are made, and a call for better integration of effort in research and development between the agriculture, nutrition, and health sectors is presented as a key issue if rapid development progress is to be made and sustained. © 2012 Taylor & Francis.

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