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Banpo dong, South Korea

Woo J.,Catholic University of Korea | Yu K.L.,Catholic University of Korea | Lee S.H.,Avixgen Inc. | You J.C.,Catholic University of Korea
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2015

Although cis-acting packaging signal RNA sequences for the influenza virus NP encoding vRNA have been identified recently though genetic studies, little is known about the interaction between NP and the vRNA packaging signals either in vivo or in vitro. Here, we provide evidence that NP is able to interact specifically with the vRNA packaging sequence RNA within living cells and that the specific RNA binding activity of NP in vivo requires both the N-terminal and central region of the protein. This assay established would be a valuable tool for further detailed studies of the NP-packaging signal RNA interaction in living cells. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Disclosed are novel rhodanine derivatives which are inhibitory of HIV activity. Also provided are a method for preparing the novel rhodanine derivatives, and a pharmaceutical composition for the prevention or treatment of AIDS containing the rhodanine derivatives as active ingredients. Having high inhibitory activity against HIV, the rhodanine derivatives can be effectively used in the prophylaxis or therapy of AIDS.

Disclosed are novel thiourea or urea derivatives inhibitory of HIV activity. Also provided are a method for preparing the thiourea or urea derivatives, and a pharmaceutical composition for the prophylaxis or therapy of AIDS comprising the derivatives. Having high inhibitory activity against HIV, the thiourea or urea derivatives can be effectively used in the prophylaxis or therapy of AIDS.

Kim S.H.,Catholic University of Korea | Jun H.J.,Avixgen Inc. | Jang S.I.,Catholic University of Korea | You J.C.,Catholic University of Korea | You J.C.,Avixgen Inc.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

A number of lentiviral vector systems have been developed for gene delivery and therapy by eliminating and/or modifying viral genetic elements. However, all lentiviral vector systems derived from HIV-1 must have a viral packaging signal sequence, Psi (Ψ), which is placed downstream of 5′ long terminal repeat in a transgene plasmid to effectively package and deliver transgene mRNA. In this study, we examined feasible regions or sequences around Psi that could be manipulated to further modify the packaging sequence. Surprisingly, we found that the sequences immediately upstream of the Psi are highly refractory to any modification and resulted in transgene vectors with very poor gene transduction efficiency. Analysis around the Psi region revealed that there are a few sites that can be used for manipulation of the Psi sequence without disturbing the virus production as well as the efficiency of transgene RNA packaging and gene transduction. By exploiting this new vector system, we investigated the requirement of each of four individual stem-loops of the Psi sequence by deletion mapping analysis and found that all stem-loops, including the SL4 region, are needed for efficient transgene RNA packaging and gene delivery. These results suggest a possible frame of the lentiviral vector that might be useful for further modifying the region/sequence around the packaging sequence as well as directly on the Psi sequence without destroying transduction efficiency. © 2012 Kim et al.

Kim M.-J.,Avixgen Inc. | Kim S.H.,Avixgen Inc. | Kim S.H.,Catholic University of Korea | Park J.A.,Avixgen Inc. | And 6 more authors.
Retrovirology | Year: 2015

Background: The human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) nucleocapsid protein (NC) is an essential and multifunctional protein involved in multiple stages of the viral life cycle such as reverse transcription, integration of proviral DNA, and especially genome RNA packaging. For this reason, it has been considered as an attractive target for the development of new anti-HIV drugs. Although a number of inhibitors of NC have been reported thus far, the search for NC-specific and functional inhibitor(s) with a good antiviral activity continues. Results: In this study, we report the identification of A1752, a small molecule with inhibitory action against HIV-1 NC, which shows a strong antiviral efficacy and an IC50 around 1μM. A1752 binds directly to HIV-1 NC, thereby inhibiting specific chaperone functions of NC including Psi RNA dimerization and complementary trans-activation response element (cTAR) DNA destabilization, and it also disrupts the proper Gag processing. Further analysis of the mechanisms of action of A1752 also showed that it generates noninfectious viral particles with defects in uncoating and reverse transcription in the infected cells. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that A1752 is a specific and functional inhibitor of NC with a novel mode of action and good antiviral efficacy. Thus, this agent provides a new type of anti-HIV NC inhibitor candidate for further drug development. © 2015 kim et al.

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