Bush S.P.,East Carolina University |
Ruha A.-M.,Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center |
Seifert S.A.,University of New Mexico |
Morgan D.L.,Scott and White Memorial Hospital |
And 16 more authors.
Clinical Toxicology | Year: 2015
Background. Crotalidae Polyvalent Immune Fab (Ovine) has been the only antivenom commercially available in the US since 2007 for treatment of Crotalinae envenomation. Late coagulopathy can occur or recur after clearance of Fab antivenom, often after hospital discharge, lasting in some cases more than 2 weeks. There have been serious, even fatal, bleeding complications associated with recurrence phenomena. Frequent follow-up is required, and additional intervention or hospitalization is often necessary. F(ab')2 immunoglobulin derivatives have longer plasma half life than do Fab. We hypothesized that F(ab')2 antivenom would be superior to Fab in the prevention of late coagulopathy following treatment of patients with Crotalinae envenomation. Methods. We conducted a prospective, double-blind, randomized clinical trial, comparing late coagulopathy in snakebitten patients treated with F(ab')2 with maintenance doses [F(ab')2/F(ab')2], or F(ab')2 with placebo maintenance doses [F(ab')2/placebo], versus Fab with maintenance doses [Fab/Fab]. The primary efficacy endpoint was coagulopathy (platelet count < 150 K/mm3, fibrinogen level < 150 mg/dL) between end of maintenance dosing and day 8. Results. 121 patients were randomized at 18 clinical sites and received at least one dose of study drug. 114 completed the study. Of these, 11/37 (29.7%) in the Fab/Fab cohort experienced late coagulopathy versus 4/39 (10.3%, p < 0.05) in the F(ab')2/F(ab')2 cohort and 2/38 (5.3%, p < 0.05) in the F(ab')2/placebo cohort. The lowest heterologous protein exposure was with F(ab')2/placebo. No serious adverse events were related to study drug. In each study arm, one patient experienced an acute serum reaction and one experienced serum sickness. Conclusions. In this study, management of coagulopathic Crotalinae envenomation with longer-half-life F(ab')2 antivenom, with or without maintenance dosing, reduced the risk of subacute coagulopathy and bleeding following treatment of envenomation. © 2014 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
Serrano-Posada H.,Avenida University 2001 |
Valderrama B.,Avenida University 2001 |
Stojanoff V.,Brookhaven National Laboratory |
Rudio-Piera E.,Avenida University 2001
Acta Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications | Year: 2011
A thermostable multicopper oxidase from Thermus thermophilus HB27 (Tth-MCO) was successfully crystallized using the sitting-drop and hanging-drop vapour-diffusion methods. Crystallization conditions and preliminary X-ray diffraction data to 1.5 Å resolution obtained using synchrotron radiation at 100 K are reported. The crystals belonged to space group C2221, with unit-cell parameters a = 93.6, b = 110.3, c = 96.3 Å. A monomer in the asymmetric unit yielded a Matthews coefficient (V M) of 2.60 Å 3 Da -1 and a solvent content of 53%. An inactive enzyme form, apo-Tth-MCO, was also crystallized and diffraction data were collected to 1.7 Å resolution. In addition, a second inactive form of the enzyme, Hg-Tth-MCO, was obtained by soaking apo-Tth-MCO crystals with mercury(II) chloride and data were collected to a resolution of 1.7 Å. © 2011 International Union of Crystallography. All rights reserved.
Formey D.,National Autonomous University of Mexico |
Martin-Rodriguez J.A.,National Autonomous University of Mexico |
Leija A.,National Autonomous University of Mexico |
Santana O.,Avenida University 2001 |
And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2016
A genome-wide analysis identified the set of small RNAs (sRNAs) from the agronomical important legume Phaseolus vulgaris (common bean), including novel P. vulgaris-specific microRNAs (miRNAs) potentially important for the regulation of the rhizobia-symbiotic process. Generally, novel miRNAs are difficult to identify and study because they are very lowly expressed in a tissue- or cell-specific manner. In this work, we aimed to analyze sRNAs from common bean root hairs (RH), a single-cell model, induced with pure Rhizobium etli nodulation factors (NF), a unique type of signal molecule. The sequence analysis of samples from NF-induced and control libraries led to the identity of 132 mature miRNAs, including 63 novel miRNAs and 1984 phasiRNAs. From these, six miRNAs were significantly differentially expressed during NF induction, including one novel miRNA: miR-RH82. A parallel degradome analysis of the same samples revealed 29 targets potentially cleaved by novel miRNAs specifically in NF-induced RH samples; however, these novel miRNAs were not differentially accumulated in this tissue. This study reveals Phaseolus vulgaris-specific novel miRNA candidates and their corresponding targets that meet all criteria to be involved in the regulation of the early nodulation events, thus setting the basis for exploring miRNA-mediated improvement of the common bean-rhizobia symbiosis. © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Oviedo M.J.,National Autonomous University of Mexico |
Contreras O.E.,National Autonomous University of Mexico |
Rosenstein Y.,Avenida University 2001 |
Vazquez-Duhalt R.,National Autonomous University of Mexico |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Nanomaterials | Year: 2016
Bismuth germanate (Bie BGO) has been the focus of several studies due to its scintillation properties. It has been employed as detector in scientific research and medicine, and herein we studied its possible biomedical applications. The photoluminescence properties of the uncoated and protein-coated nanoparticles were analyzed in different body fluids, at different pH. The nanoparticles yielded blueish-white luminescence with a maximum emission peak at 485 nm corresponding to the 3P→ 1Selectron transition of Bi3+. They showed luminescence properties at different pH values and in human fluids, such as urine and blood serum. Finally, the BGO nanoparticles were functionalized with the anti-HLA I W6/32 monoclonal antibody and the capacity of the antibody-loaded nanoparticles to recognize the cognate antigen (HLA I) of the W6/32 mAb was assessed on the human promyelocytic leukemia cell line THP-1. The possibility of functionalizing BGO nanoparticles with W6/32 antibodies and their specificity to identify THP-1 cells make them promising candidates for biomedical applications as biolabels. © 2016 M. J. Oviedo et al.
Deuis J.R.,University of Queensland |
Zimmermann K.,Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg |
Romanovsky A.A.,systemIC |
Possani L.D.,Avenida University 2001 |
And 3 more authors.
Pain | Year: 2013
Cold allodynia, pain in response to cooling, occurs during or within hours of oxaliplatin infusion and is thought to arise from a direct effect of oxaliplatin on peripheral sensory neurons. To characterize the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying acute oxaliplatin-induced cold allodynia, we established a new intraplantar oxaliplatin mouse model that rapidly developed long-lasting cold allodynia mediated entirely through tetrodotoxin-sensitive Nav pathways. Using selective inhibitors and knockout animals, we found that Nav1.6 was the key isoform involved, while thermosensitive transient receptor potential channels were not involved. Consistent with a crucial role for delayed-rectifier potassium channels in excitability in response to cold, intraplantar administration of the K +-channel blocker 4-aminopyridine mimicked oxaliplatin-induced cold allodynia and was also inhibited by Nav1.6 blockers. Intraplantar injection of the Nav1.6 activator Cn2 elicited spontaneous pain, mechanical allodynia, and enhanced 4-aminopyridine-induced cold allodynia. These findings provide behavioural evidence for a crucial role of Nav1.6 in multiple peripheral pain pathways including cold allodynia. © 2013 International Association for the Study of Pain. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Singla T.,Indian Institute of Technology Bombay |
Montoya F.,Avenida University 2001 |
Rivera M.,Autonomous University of Mexico State |
Tajima S.,Saitama University |
And 2 more authors.
Chaos | Year: 2016
We report synchronization of Mercury Beating Heart (MBH) oscillators using the environmental coupling mechanism. This mechanism involves interaction of the oscillators with a common medium/environment such that the oscillators do not interact among themselves. In the present work, we chose a modified MBH system as the common environment. In the absence of coupling, this modified system does not exhibit self sustained oscillations. It was observed that, as a result of the coupling of the MBH oscillators with this common environment, the electrical and the mechanical activities of both the oscillators synchronized simultaneously. Experimental results indicate the emergence of both lag and the complete synchronization in the MBH oscillators. Simulations of the phase oscillators were carried out in order to better understand the experimental observations. © 2016 Author(s).
Villicana C.,Avenida University 2001 |
Cruz G.,Avenida University 2001 |
Zurita M.,Avenida University 2001
Journal of Cell Science | Year: 2013
Transcription factor IIH (TFIIH) participates in transcription, nucleotide excision repair and the control of the cell cycle. In the present study, we demonstrate that the Dmp52 subunit of TFIIH in Drosophila physically interacts with the fly p53 homologue, Dp53. The depletion of Dmp52 in the wing disc generates chromosome fragility, increases apoptosis and produces wings with a reduced number of cells; cellular proliferation, however, is not affected. Interestingly, instead of suppressing the apoptotic phenotype, the depletion of Dp53 in Dmp52-depleted wing disc cells increases apoptosis and the number of cells that suffer from chromosome fragility. The apoptosis induced by the depletion of Dmp52 alone is partially dependent on the JNK pathway. In contrast, the enhanced apoptosis caused by the simultaneous depletion of Dp53 and Dmp52 is absolutely JNK-dependent. In this study, we also show that the anti-proliferative drug triptolide, which inhibits the ATPase activity of the XPB subunit of TFIIH, phenocopies the JNK-dependent massive apoptotic phenotype of Dp53-depleted wing disc cells; this observation suggests that the mechanism by which triptolide induces apoptosis in p53-deficient cancer cells involves the activation of the JNK death pathway. ©2013. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.
PubMed | Avenida University 2001
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Journal of virology | Year: 2010
Rotaviruses, the single most important agents of acute severe gastroenteritis in children, are nonenveloped viruses formed by a three-layered capsid that encloses a genome formed by 11 segments of double-stranded RNA. The mechanism of entry of these viruses into the host cell is not well understood. The best-studied strain, RRV, which is sensitive to neuraminidase (NA) treatment of the cells, uses integrins alpha2 beta1 and alphav beta3 and the heat shock protein hsc70 as receptors and enters MA104 cells through a non-clathrin-, non-caveolin-mediated pathway that depends on a functional dynamin and on the presence of cholesterol on the cell surface. In this work, using a combination of pharmacological, biochemical, and genetic approaches, we compared the entry characteristics of four rotavirus strains known to have different receptor requirements. We chose four rotavirus strains that represent all phenotypic combinations of NA resistance or sensitivity and integrin dependence or independence. We found that even though all the strains share their requirements for hsc70, dynamin, and cholesterol, three of them differ from the simian strain RRV in the endocytic pathway used. The human strain Wa, porcine strain TFR-41, and bovine strain UK seem to enter the cell through clathrin-mediated endocytosis, since treatments that inhibit this pathway block their infectivity; consistent with this entry route, these strains were sensitive to changes in the endosomal pH. The inhibition of other endocytic mechanisms, such as macropinocytosis or caveola-mediated uptake, had no effect on the internalization of the rotavirus strains tested here.
PubMed | National University of Costa Rica and Avenida University 2001
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of molecular sciences | Year: 2016
A genome-wide analysis identified the set of small RNAs (sRNAs) from the agronomical important legume Phaseolus vulgaris (common bean), including novel P. vulgaris-specific microRNAs (miRNAs) potentially important for the regulation of the rhizobia-symbiotic process. Generally, novel miRNAs are difficult to identify and study because they are very lowly expressed in a tissue- or cell-specific manner. In this work, we aimed to analyze sRNAs from common bean root hairs (RH), a single-cell model, induced with pure Rhizobium etli nodulation factors (NF), a unique type of signal molecule. The sequence analysis of samples from NF-induced and control libraries led to the identity of 132 mature miRNAs, including 63 novel miRNAs and 1984 phasiRNAs. From these, six miRNAs were significantly differentially expressed during NF induction, including one novel miRNA: miR-RH82. A parallel degradome analysis of the same samples revealed 29 targets potentially cleaved by novel miRNAs specifically in NF-induced RH samples; however, these novel miRNAs were not differentially accumulated in this tissue. This study reveals Phaseolus vulgaris-specific novel miRNA candidates and their corresponding targets that meet all criteria to be involved in the regulation of the early nodulation events, thus setting the basis for exploring miRNA-mediated improvement of the common bean-rhizobia symbiosis.
PubMed | Avenida University 2001
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of virology | Year: 2011
Here we show that the ubiquitin-proteasome system is required for the efficient replication of rotavirus RRV in MA104 cells. The proteasome inhibitor MG132 decreased the yield of infectious virus under conditions where it severely reduces the synthesis of not only viral but also cellular proteins. Addition of nonessential amino acids to the cell medium restored both viral protein synthesis and cellular protein synthesis, but the production of progeny viruses was still inhibited. In medium supplemented with nonessential amino acids, we showed that MG132 does not affect rotavirus entry but inhibits the replication of the viral genome. It was also shown that it prevents the efficient incorporation into viroplasms of viral polymerase VP1 and the capsid proteins VP2 and VP6, which could explain the inhibitory effect of MG132 on genome replication and infectious virus yield. We also showed that ubiquitination is relevant for rotavirus replication since the yield of rotavirus progeny in cells carrying a temperature-sensitive mutation in the E1 ubiquitin-activating enzyme was reduced at the restrictive temperature. In addition, overexpression of ubiquitin in MG132-treated MA104 cells partially reversed the effect of the inhibitor on virus yield. Altogether, these data suggest that the ubiquitin-proteasome (UP) system has a very complex interaction with the rotavirus life cycle, with both the ubiquitination and proteolytic activities of the system being relevant for virus replication.