Waltham, MA, United States
Waltham, MA, United States
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Patent
Avedro Inc. | Date: 2016-12-05

An eye treatment positions a mask device over first and second eyes. A posterior side of the mask device is proximate to the face and the anterior side is distal from the face. The mask device includes an outer wall extending between the anterior and posterior sides and defining a chamber extending across the first and second eyes. The anterior side includes a first transmission region that allows a photoactivating light for the first eye to be delivered into a first section of the chamber positioned over the first eye. The anterior side includes a second transmission region that allows a photoactivating light for the second eye to be delivered into the second section positioned over the second eye. The system includes at least one gas source storing a gas that is different than ambient air. The system includes a gas delivery system that delivers the gas into the chamber.


Patent
Avedro Inc. | Date: 2016-04-27

A system for corneal treatment includes a light source that activates cross-linking in at least one selected region of a cornea treated with a cross-linking agent. The light source delivers photoactivating light to the at least one selected region of the cornea according to a set of parameters. The system includes a controller that receives input relating to the cross-linking agent and the set of parameters. The controller includes computer-readable storage media storing: (A) program instructions for determining cross-linking resulting from reactions involving ROS including at least peroxides, superoxides, and hydroxyl radicals, and (B) program instructions for determining cross-linking from reactions not involving oxygen. The controller executes the program instructions to output a calculated amount of cross-linking in the at least one selected region of the cornea. In response to the calculated amount of cross-linking, the light source adjusts at least one value in the set of parameters.


An antimicrobial treatment system comprises a wearable photoactivation device. The wearable photoactivation device includes a body configured to be positioned on a head of a subject over one or more eyes of the subject. The body includes one or more windows or openings that allow the one or more eyes to see through the body. The body includes one or more photoactivating light sources coupled to the body and configured to direct photoactivating light to the one or more eyes according to illumination parameters. The illumination parameters determine a dose of the photoactivating light that activates, according to photochemical kinetic reactions, a photosensitizer applied to the one or more eyes and generates reactive oxygen species that provide an antimicrobial effect in the one or more eyes, without substantially inducing cross-linking activity that produces biomechanical changes in the one or more eyes.


A system for treatment of corneal tissue includes one or more light sources that generate excitation light delivered to corneal tissue treated with a cross-linking agent. The excitation light causes the cross-linking agent to fluoresce by emitting an emission light at a plurality of emission wavelengths. The system includes an image capture system that captures image(s) of the corneal tissue. The image(s) indicate at least two of the emission wavelengths. The system includes a controller that receives the image(s). The controller: identifies each of the at least two emission wavelengths in the image(s); determines, from the image(s), respective characteristics associated separately with each of the at least two emission wavelengths; and provides information relating to cross-linking activity generated by the cross-linking agent in the corneal tissue based on the respective characteristics associated with each of the at least two emission wavelengths.


Patent
Avedro Inc. | Date: 2014-12-12

Devices and approaches for activating cross-linking within corneal tissue to stabilize and strengthen the corneal tissue following an eye therapy treatment. A feedback system is provided to acquire measurements and pass feedback information to a controller. The feedback system may include an interferometer system, a corneal polarimetry system, or other configurations for monitoring cross-linking activity within the cornea. The controller is adapted to analyze the feedback information and adjust treatment to the eye based on the information. Aspects of the feedback system may also be used to monitor and diagnose features of the eye 1. Methods of activating cross-linking according to information provided by a feedback system in order to improve accuracy and safety of a cross-linking therapy are also provided.


Systems, methods, and compositions generate cross-linking activity for treatment of eye disorders. Various agents, additives, buffers, etc., may be employed in formulations with a cross-linking agent to enhance treatment. For example, a composition for applying treatment to a cornea of an eye includes a cross-linking agent that generates cross-linking activity in the cornea in response to exposure to a photo-activating light. The composition also includes an iron additive and citrate buffer. In some cases, the cross-linking agent may include riboflavin. In other cases, the iron additive may include FeSO_(4). In further cases, the iron additive may be dissolved in the citrate buffer.


Devices and approaches for monitoring time based photo active agent delivery or photo active marker presence in an eye. A monitoring system is provided for measuring the presence of a photo active marker by illuminating the eye so as to excite the photo-active marker and then observing characteristic emission from the photo active marker. Example systems incorporate Scheimpflug optical systems or slit lamp optical systems to observe cross sectional images of an eye to monitor instantaneous distribution, diffusion pattern, and rate of uptake of a photo active agent applied to an eye. Systems and methods further allow for utilizing the monitored distribution of photo active agent in the eye as feedback for a cross-linking system.


A system for determining biomechanical properties of corneal tissue includes a light source configured to provide an incident light and a confocal microscopy system configured to scan the incident light across a plurality of cross-sections of corneal tissue. The incident light is reflected by the corneal tissue as scattered light. The system also includes a filter or attenuating device configured to block or attenuate the Rayleigh peak frequency of the scattered light, a spectrometer configured to receive the scattered light and process frequency characteristics of the received scattered light to determine a Brillouin frequency shift in response to the Rayleigh peak frequency being blocked or attenuated by the filter or attenuating device, and a processor configured to generate a three-dimensional profile of the corneal tissue according to the determined Brillouin frequency shift. The three-dimensional profile provides an indicator of one or more biomechanical properties of the corneal tissue.


A formulation for an eye treatment includes a photosensitizer and a permeability enhancing composition. The permeability enhancing composition includes one or more permeability enhancers. The permeability enhancing composition has a hydrophilic and lipophilic balance increases a permeability of an area of the eye for the photosensitizer. The hydrophilic and lipophilic balance can be characterized by a Hydrophile-Lipophile Balance (HLB) number. For example, the area of the eye may include a corneal epithelium, the photosensitizer may include riboflavin, and the permeability enhancing composition may have a corresponding HLB number between approximately 12.6 and approximately 14.6.


Patent
Avedro Inc. | Date: 2015-11-13

An example system determines biomechanical properties of eye tissue. The system includes a confocal microscopy system configured to scan the incident light across a plurality of cross-sections of the tissue. The incident light is reflected by the plurality of cross-sections of tissue as scattered light. The system includes a spectrometer to receive the scattered light and provide spectral information for the scattered light. The system includes processor(s) to determine a Brillouin frequency shift from the spectral information and to generate a three-dimensional profile of the corneal tissue according to the Brillouin frequency shift. The three-dimensional profile provides an indicator of one or more biomechanical properties of the tissue. The spectrometer includes a multipass optical device that generates an interference pattern from the scattered light. The interference pattern provides the spectral information for the scattered light. The spectrometer includes a camera to detect the interference pattern from the optical device.

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