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Ibaraki, Japan

Yoshino K.,Osaka University | Yoshino K.,AVC Networks Company | Morita Y.,AVC Networks Company | Morita Y.,Osaka University | And 13 more authors.
Applied Surface Science

Changes in the ionization potential of MgO and CaO film surfaces upon heating in air and vacuum, which are necessary processes in the manufacture of plasma display panels, were investigated by metastable de-excitation spectroscopy. Heating at 500 °C for 1 min in vacuum is effective for cleaning an MgO film surface previously heated in air, resulting in the recovery of the ionization potential of the cleaned MgO surface from the increased value upon heating in air. A similar treatment is not effective for the CaO surface. This difference in behavior can be attributed to the stronger bonding states of H 2O and CO 2 on CaO than those on MgO. This is consistent with the fact that CaO has not yet been practically used as a protective layer in plasma display panels. Furthermore, the firing voltages of the plasma predicted for the MgO and CaO protective layers from the ionization potentials determined by metastable de-excitation spectroscopy were found to qualitatively agree with measured firing voltages obtained for a test panel. The present results confirmed that metastable de-excitation spectroscopy is effective for evaluating protective layers used in plasma display panels. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

Yoshino K.,Osaka University | Yoshino K.,AVC Networks Company | Nagatomi T.,Osaka University | Morita Y.,AVC Networks Company | And 7 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics

The accumulation and decay characteristics of exoelectron sources at a MgO protective layer surface in alternating-current plasma display panels (AC-PDPs) were investigated. The positively charged MgO surface provides a larger number of exoelectrons than the negatively charged surface, indicating that electrons trapped in shallow carrier traps coexist with trapped holes, and exoelectrons are emitted through Auger and/or photoionization processes after their recombination. The exoelectron sources are accumulated by sustain discharges and always decay. The halflife of the decay of the exoelectron sources is relatively long, of the order of a few tens of ms, confirming that the exoelectron emission property at the address discharge in a certain television (TV) field is strongly affected by sustain firings in the previous two TV fields or more. The effects of such a long-term decay of the exoelectron sources should be taken into consideration when designing the driving waveforms of AC-PDPs. © 2010 The Japan Society of Applied Physics. Source

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