Fremont, CA, United States
Fremont, CA, United States
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Patent
Avalanche Technology | Date: 2017-01-26

A method of programming an MTJ includes selecting the MTJ and an access transistor coupled thereto. The gate of the selected access transistor is coupled to a selected word line (WL), which is raised to a first voltage, Vdd, and is then allowed to float. The first voltage and a second voltage, Vx, are respectively applied to a selected bit line (BL) coupled to the selected MTJ and a selected source line (SL) coupled to the selected access transistor, thereby driving a switching current through the selected MTJ from the selected BL to SL. Alternatively, the switching current may be reversed by applying 0 V and Vdd to the selected BL and SL, respectively. Moreover, the second voltage is applied to other BLs not coupled to the selected MTJ and the first voltage is applied to other SLs not coupled to the selected access transistor, thereby boosting the voltage of the floating WL to above the first voltage.


Patent
Avalanche Technology | Date: 2016-01-29

The present invention is directed to a magnetic memory device that emulates DRAM and provides a plug-in or drop-in replacement for DRAM. The memory device includes one or more magnetic memory banks for storing data; a controller configured to issue a dormant write command upon receiving a refresh command for recharging DRAM capacitors; and a memory cache for storing temporary data and configured to save the temporary data to the one or more magnetic memory banks upon receiving the dormant write command from the controller. The memory device may be compliant with at least one version of low power DDR (LPDDR) Specification or at least one version of DDR SDRAM Specification.


Patent
Avalanche Technology | Date: 2016-09-14

A memory device having features of the present invention comprises a reprogrammable memory portion including therein a first plurality of magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) whose resistance is switchable; and a one-time-programmable (OTP) memory portion including therein a second plurality of MTJs whose resistance is switchable and a third plurality of MTJs whose resistance is fixed. Each MTJ of the first, second, and third plurality of MTJs includes a magnetic free layer having a magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to a layer plane thereof and a magnetic reference layer having a fixed magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to a layer plane thereof. The second plurality of MTJs represents one of two logical states and the third plurality of MTJs represents the other one of the two logical states.


A non-volatile memory system includes a first circuit and a second circuit both coupled to a magnetoresistance tunnel junction (MTJ) cell to substantially reduce the level of current flowing through the MTJ with rise in temperature, as experienced by the MTJ. The first circuit is operable to adjust a slope of a curve representing current as a function of temperature and the second circuit is operable to adjust a value of the current level through the MTJ to maintain current constant or to reduce current when the temperature increases. This way sufficient current is provided for the MTJ at different temperatures, to prevent write failure, over programming, MTJ damage and waste of current.


Patent
Avalanche Technology | Date: 2016-10-17

The present invention is directed to a magnetic random access memory element that includes a multilayered seed structure formed by interleaving multiple layers of a first transition metal with multiple layers of a second transition metal; and a first magnetic layer formed on top of the multilayered seed structure. The first magnetic layer has a multilayer structure formed by interleaving layers of the first transition metal with layers of a magnetic material and has a first fixed magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to a layer plane thereof The first transition metal is platinum or palladium, while the second transition metal is selected from the group consisting of tantalum, titanium, zirconium, hafnium, vanadium, niobium, chromium, molybdenum, and tungsten.


Patent
Avalanche Technology | Date: 2016-11-30

The present invention is directed to an MTJ memory element comprising a magnetic free layer structure including one or more magnetic free layers that have a variable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to layer planes thereof; an insulating tunnel junction layer formed adjacent to the magnetic free layer structure; a magnetic reference layer structure including a first magnetic reference layer and a second magnetic reference layer with a perpendicular enhancement layer interposed therebetween, the first and second magnetic reference layers having a first fixed magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to layer planes thereof; an anti-ferromagnetic coupling layer formed adjacent to the second magnetic reference layer; and a magnetic fixed layer formed adjacent to the anti-ferromagnetic coupling layer. The non-magnetic perpendicular enhancement layer includes a first perpendicular enhancement sublayer formed adjacent to the first magnetic reference layer and a second perpendicular enhancement sublayer formed adjacent to the second magnetic reference layer.


Patent
Avalanche Technology | Date: 2016-09-26

The present invention is directed to a memory subsystem including a plurality of memory banks, each of the memory banks including a plurality of memory cells arranged in rows and columns with word-lines connecting to the memory cells along a row direction and bit-lines connecting to the memory cells along a column direction; a sense amplifier module shared by the plurality of memory banks, the sense amplifier module including a plurality of sense amplifiers for sensing resistance of the memory cells; a plurality of memory buffer modules coupled to the sense amplifier module, each of the memory buffer modules including a plurality of memory buffers for storing data from the sense amplifiers; and an input/output (I/O) interface coupled to the memory buffer modules.


Patent
Avalanche Technology | Date: 2017-01-20

The present invention is directed to a storage device including a storage media and a controller coupled thereto through a high speed interface. The storage media includes one or more byte-addressable persistent memory devices, one or more block-addressable persistent memory devices, a hybrid reserved area spanning at least a portion of the one or more byte-addressable persistent memory devices, and a hybrid user area spanning at least a portion of the one or more block-addressable persistent memory devices. The controller uses the hybrid reserved area to store private data. Each of the one or more byte-addressable persistent memory devices may include one or more magnetic random access memory (MRAM) arrays. Each of the one or more block-addressable persistent memory devices may include one or more NAND flash memory arrays. The high speed interface may be a universal flash storage (UFS) interface that operates in the full-duplex mode.


Patent
Avalanche Technology | Date: 2017-02-23

The present invention is directed to an STT-MRAM device comprising a plurality of memory elements. Each of the memory elements includes an MTJ structure that comprises a magnetic free layer structure and a magnetic reference layer structure with an insulating tunnel junction layer interposed therebetween; a first perpendicular enhancement layer (PEL) formed adjacent to the magnetic free layer structure; a magnetic dead layer formed adjacent to the first PEL; and a magnetic fixed layer exchange coupled to the magnetic reference layer structure through an anti-ferromagnetic coupling layer. The magnetic reference layer structure includes a first magnetic reference layer formed adjacent to the insulating tunnel junction layer and a second magnetic reference layer separated from the first magnetic reference layer by a second PEL. The first and second magnetic reference layers have a first invariable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to layer planes thereof.


A non-volatile memory system includes a first circuit and a second circuit both coupled to a magnetoresistance tunnel junction (MTJ) cell to substantially reduce the level of current flowing through the MTJ with rise in temperature, as experienced by the MTJ. The first circuit is operable to adjust a slope of a curve representing current as a function of temperature and the second circuit is operable to adjust a value of the current level through the MTJ to maintain current constant or to reduce current when the temperature increases. This way sufficient current is provided for the MTJ at different temperatures to prevent write failure, over programming, MTJ damage and waste of current.

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