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San Juan, Puerto Rico

Craig M.,West Virginia University | Hanna W.T.,University of Tennessee at Knoxville | Cabanillas F.,Auxilio Mutuo Cancer Center | Chen C.-S.,Loma Linda University | And 3 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology

This non-comparative phase II study (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00715208) evaluated bortezomib in place of vincristine in established rituximab-chemotherapy regimens in relapsed/refractory follicular (FL) or marginal zone lymphoma (MZL). Patients were allocated (physician/patient preference) to receive six 21-d cycles of: bortezomib 1·6 mg/m2 (days 1, 8), rituximab 375 mg/m2 (day 1), cyclophosphamide 1000 mg/m2 (day 1) and prednisone 100 mg (days 1-5; VR-CP; 47 FL, 1 MZL patients); or bortezomib, rituximab, prednisone per VR-CP, cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2 and doxorubicin 50 mg/m2 (day 1; VR-CAP; 4 FL, 2 MZL, 1 chronic lymphocytic leukaemia patients). With VR-CP, the response rate was 77%, with a 27% complete response rate. After a median follow-up of 10·9 months, 40% of patients had relapsed/progressed or died. Median duration of response and progression-free survival was 21·9 and 14·9 months, respectively. Common drug-related grade ≥3 adverse events were neutropenia (25%), thrombocytopenia (6%) and lymphopenia (6%). Thirteen (27%) patients reported peripheral neuropathy (one grade 3). With VR-CAP, one FL patient achieved complete response and three FL and two MZL patients achieved partial responses. Three patients reported drug-related grade 1/2 peripheral neuropathy. Weekly bortezomib and rituximab represents an active, feasible treatment platform in FL. VR-CP was active and well tolerated in patients with relapsed/refractory FL. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

Cotto M.,University of Puerto Rico at San Juan | Cabanillas F.,Auxilio Mutuo Cancer Center | Tirado M.,University of Puerto Rico at San Juan | Garcia M.V.,University of Puerto Rico at San Juan | Pacheco E.,University of Puerto Rico at San Juan
Clinical and Translational Oncology

In this study, we reviewed epigenetic therapy of lymphomas using histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi), a promising new class of antineoplastic agents. Epigenetic therapy, a new therapeutic concept, consists of the use of HDACi and or DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi). We conducted a comprehensive review of the literature for antitumour activity of HDACi and its mechanism of action. HDACi modify the expression of several genes related to cancer development, which can result in antineoplastic activity. To elucidate the benefits of HDACi in lymphoma treatment, we discuss the crucial interplay between BCL6, p53 and STAT3. Activated B-cell (ABC) diffuse large cell lymphoma (DLCL) is increasingly being recognised as an unfavourable and frequently therapy-refractory lymphoma. We discuss the fundamental causative role of the STAT3 oncogene in ABC type DLCL. STAT3 can be effectively suppressed by several HDACi, a promising treatment for this difficult subtype of DLCL. On the other hand, various HDACi can repress the germinal-centre B Cell (GCB) type DLCL by virtue of their inhibition of the BCL6 oncogene, usually expressed in this particular subtype. We summarise the results of recent clinical trials with HDACi such as romidepsin, panobinostat, MGCD-0103, entinostat, curcumin, JAK2 inhibitor TG101348, and valproic acid thathave shown preliminary activity in recurrent and refractoryc lymphomas. The unique mechanism of action of HDACi makes them very attractive agents to pursue in combination. Several ongoing trials are already exploring HDACi combinations in various types of cancers. Their role in front-line management remains to be determined. Source

Cotto M.,University of Puerto Rico at San Juan | Rizek R.,University of Puerto Rico at San Juan | Fraguada L.A.,Hospital del Maestro | Brunet V.,Hospital del Maestro | And 7 more authors.
Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is among the most common cancers in Puerto Rico. Few studies have correlated clinical and pathological variables with the overall survival of CRC patients in Puerto Rico. We report the clinical and pathological characteristics of patients who underwent surgical resection at a community hospital in Puerto Rico. Methods: Demographic and pathological variables of patients who underwent CRC surgery at Hospital del Maestro from 2006 through 2011 were reviewed. Descriptive statistics (mean, range, and frequency) and the Cox proportional hazards model were used to determine the influence of demographic and pathological variables on survival, after adjusting for age. Results: Two hundred and five CRC pathology reports were reviewed. Adenocarcinoma represented the most common pathology (202/205; 98.5%). Females represented 52% of the population (106/202) while males represented 48% (96/202). The median age was 71 years (30-96). The right colon was the most common site of presentation (49.7%; 100/201). Stage III was the most common stage at presentation. The presence of mucin, perineural or lymphatic invasion and tumor size were not related to decreased survival. Being male, having a higher stage at diagnosis, and having a moderately or poorly differentiated tumor were characteristics related to decreased survival. Conclusion: This study provides information on clinical and pathological variables and their influence on the overall survival of CRC patients at a community hospital in Puerto Rico. Further research must be performed to identify potential disparities and their influence on the prognosis of this patients. Source

Fogelman D.R.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Wolff R.A.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Kopetz S.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | Javle M.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | And 4 more authors.
Anticancer Research

Pancreatic cancer is an aggressive, frequently fatal malignancy that strikes 37,000 patients annually in the U.S.A. It is poorly responsive to standard chemotherapies such as gemcitabine. Approximately 5-10% of pancreatic cancer occurs in the setting of a BRCA2 mutation. Breast and ovarian carcinomas that harbor BRCA2 mutations are susceptible to the effects of an emerging class of targeted agents, namely, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors. This report describes the case of a patient with a germline BRCA2 mutation and an associated pancreatic cancer treated with iniparib (BSI-201), a PARP inhibitor, who demonstrated a complete pathologic response to this agent. This case highlights the potential benefit for PARP inhibition in BRCA2-related pancreatic cancer. Source

Chihara D.,University of Houston | Cheah C.Y.,University of Houston | Westin J.R.,University of Houston | Fayad L.E.,University of Houston | And 12 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology

Intensive chemotherapy regimens containing cytarabine have substantially improved remission durability and overall survival in younger adults with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). However, there have been no long-term follow-up results for patients treated with these regimens. We present long-term survival outcomes from a pivotal phase II trial of rituximab, hyper-fractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin and dexamethasone alternating with methotrexate and cytarabine (R-HCVAD/MA). At 15 years of follow-up (median: 13·4 years), the median failure-free survival (FFS) and overall survival (OS) for all patients was 4·8 years and 10·7 years, respectively. The FFS seems to have plateaued after 10 years, with an estimated 15-year FFS of 30% in younger patients (≤65 years). Patients who achieved complete response (CR) after 2 cycles had a favourable median FFS of 8·8 years. Six patients developed myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukaemia (MDS/AML) whilst in first CR. The 10-year cumulative incidence of MDS/AML of patients in first remission was 6·2% (95% confidence interval: 2·5-12·2%). In patients with newly diagnosed MCL, R-HCVAD/MA showed sustained efficacy, with a median OS exceeding 10 years in all patients and freedom from disease recurrence of nearly 15 years in almost one-third of the younger patients (≤65 years). © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

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