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Mexicali, Mexico

The Autonomous University of Baja California, is a public university in the Mexican state of Baja California. UABC is one of the 43 state universities throughout Mexico as part of the country's state university system. The Autonomous University of Baja California headquarters are located in the city of Mexicali at Av. Álvaro Obregón y Julián Carrillo s/n, Edificio de Rectoría, Col. Nueva, C.P. 021100.The UABC has three main campuses in the cities of Ensenada, Mexicali, and Tijuana. UABC maintains five sub campuses in the cities of Rosarito, San Quintin, Tecate, Valle Dorado in Ensenada, and the suburban region of Valle de Las Palmas in Tijuana. The institution also operates three Units of Basic Formation in the cities of San Felipe, Ciudad Morelos, and Guadalupe Victoria.Under the Subsecretary of Higher Education, UABC belongs to the General Management of Higher Learning Institutions , a part of the nation's eight-tier public higher education system, which also includes the General Coordination of Technological Universities , the General Management of Technological Higher Learning , the General Management of Higher Learning for Educators , the General Management of Professions , the Copyrights National Institute , the National Pedagogical University , and the Coordination of Polytechnic Universities .UABC follows Mexico's higher education format: tronco común , técnico superior , licenciatura , maestria , and doctorado . Wikipedia.


Laniado-Laborin R.,Autonomous University of Baja California
Postgraduate Medicine | Year: 2010

Cigarette smoking represents the most important source of preventable morbidity and premature mortality worldwide. Approximately 100 million deaths were caused by tobacco use in the 20th century. There are > 1 billion smokers worldwide, and globally the use of tobacco products is increasing, with the epidemic shifting to the developing world. Tobacco dependence is a chronic condition that often requires repeated intervention for success. Just informing a patient about health risks, although necessary, is usually not suffi cient for a decision to change. Smokers should be provided with counseling when attempting to quit. Pharmacologic smoking cessation aids are recommended for all smokers who are trying to quit, unless contraindicated. Evidence-based guidelines recommend nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion SR, and varenicline as effective alternatives for smoking cessation therapy, especially when combined with behavioral interventions. Combination pharmacotherapy is indicated for highly nicotinedependent smokers, patients who have failed with monotherapy, and patients with breakthrough cravings. An additional form of nicotine replacement therapy or an addition of a non-nicotine replacement therapy oral medication (bupropion or varenicline) may be helpful. The rate of successful smoking cessation at 1 year is 3% to 5% when the patient simply tries to stop, 7% to 16% if the smoker undergoes behavioral intervention, and up to 24% when receiving pharmacological treatment and behavioral support. © Postgraduate Medicine.


Galaviz M.A.,Autonomous University of Baja California
Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & molecular biology | Year: 2012

The present study aimed to describe and understand the development of the digestive system in spotted rose snapper (Lutjanus guttatus) larvae from hatching to 40 days post-hatch (dph). The mouth opened between 2 and 3 dph, at that moment the digestive tract was barely differentiated into the anterior and posterior intestine, although the liver and pancreas were already present. Gastric glands were observed until 20 dph, followed by the differentiation of the stomach between 20 and 25 dph. Trypsinogen expression and trypsin activity were detected at hatching, increasing concomitantly to larval development and the change in the type of food. Maximum levels of trypsinogen expression were observed at 25 dph, when animals were fed with Artemia nauplii, and maximum trypsin activity was detected at 35 dph, when larvae were fed with an artificial diet. On the other hand, pepsinogen gene expression was detected at 18 dph, two days before pepsin enzymatic activity and appearance of gastric glands. Maximum pepsin activity was also observed at 35 dph. These results suggest that in this species weaning could be initiated at an earlier age than is currently practiced (between 28 and 30 dph), since larvae of spotted rose snapper develop a functional stomach between days 20 and 25 post-hatch. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Durazo R.,Autonomous University of Baja California
Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans | Year: 2015

Hydrographic data collected over the period 1997-2013 are analyzed to investigate the seasonality of hydrographic features and associated geostrophic flows off the Baja California peninsula. The upper ocean in the region was found to be homogeneous in winter and spring but subdivided into two regions in the summer and autumn. In the first case, the system typically shows relatively low-temperature and salinity waters, which give it a subarctic character. In the second, only the region north of Punta Eugenia (28°N) maintains subarctic characteristics, while the southern region receives an inflow of tropical and subtropical waters that results from the weakening of northwesterly winds, which allows the poleward advection of surface waters. Also during this period, a positive wind stress curl promotes the zonal advection of North Pacific's eastern edge waters into the coast and to the north as a surface coastal flow. Average seasonal patterns of geostrophic flow at 200 dbar revealed that the differentiation into provinces is also evident at that depth, with two clearly defined cyclonic structures in summer and autumn, both separated at the latitude of Punta Eugenia. The analyses conducted also showed a clear continuity of the California undercurrent along the shelf break, with more diffuse currents in the winter. Poleward flows were observed throughout the water column, especially in summer and autumn, although the origin of the surface flow does not necessarily involve a surfacing of the California Undercurrent. © 2015. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

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