Autonomous Province of Trento

Trento, Italy

Autonomous Province of Trento

Trento, Italy
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Perrotta V.,Autonomous Province of Trento | Graffeo M.,University of Trento | Bonini N.,University of Trento | Gottfried J.A.,Northwestern University
Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics | Year: 2016

Putative human chemosignals have been shown to influence mood states and emotional processing, but the connection between these effects and higher order cognitive processing is not well established. This study utilized an economic game (Dictator Game) to test whether androstadienone (AND), an odorous compound derived from testosterone, impacts on altruistic behavior. We predicted that the female participants would act more generously in the AND condition, exhibiting a significant interaction effect between gender and AND on Dictator Game contributions. We also expected that the presence of AND should increase the positive mood of the female participants, compared with a control odor condition and also compared with the mood of the male participants. The results confirm our hypotheses: For women, the subliminal perception of AND led to larger monetary donations, compared with a control odor, and also increased positive mood. These effects were absent or significantly weaker in men. Our findings highlight the capacity of human putative chemosignals to influence emotions and higher cognitive processes-in particular, the processes used in the context of economic decisions-in a gender-specific way. © 2016 American Psychological Association.


Dalmazzone S.,University of Turin | Dalmazzone S.,IRIS Interdisciplinary Research Institute on Sustainability | La Notte A.,Autonomous Province of Trento
Journal of Environmental Management | Year: 2013

Extending the application of integrated environmental and economic accounts from the national to the local level of government serves several purposes. They can be used not only as an instrument for communicating on the state of the environment and reporting the results of policies, but also as an operational tool - for setting the objectives and designing policies - if made available to the local authorities who have responsibility over the administration of natural resources, land use and conservation policies. The aim of the paper is to test the feasibility of applying hybrid flow accounts at the intermediate and local government levels. As an illustration, NAMEA for air emissions and wastes is applied to a Region, a Province and a Municipality, thus covering the three nested levels of local government in Italy. The study identifies the main issues raised by multi-scale environmental accounting and provides an applied discussion of feasible solutions. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Casarotto C.,Muse | Bertoni E.,Muse | Trenti A.,Autonomous Province of Trento
Rendiconti Online Societa Geologica Italiana | Year: 2015

In occasion of the preparation of a new inventory for Trentino glaciers (2013), all historically available data (1958 CGI, 1987 SAT, 2003 PAT) were digitized in a geographic information system (GIS) with the aim to reconstruct the evolution of the glaciers from the end of the Little Ice Age (LIA) up to date. Through limits of moraines and glacial sediments, as well as those of active rock glaciers, the polygons of the glaciers at the maximum of the LIA (around 1850) were defined in GIS. At that time glaciers filled an area of about 110 km2. In the early 1900s, however, some glaciers disappeared, for example on Monzoni during the World War I. The inventory 2013 (PAT) counts 120 glaciers with total area of about 32 km2. The average annual losses of glacial surface (ÄSy, in [%]) were compared for each of the considered four time periods. We have noticed that these losses have grown exponentially. With the three-dimensional analysis of the 2003 and 2013 inventories, the average annual reduction in thickness was determined for the glaciers representative of the main mountain groups, for example on Adamello Glacier, and it has been observed to achieve values up to 4 000 mm water equivalent. These data, which have a strong seasonal connotation, are comparable to those of monsoon systems, almost as if they would like to witness the tropicalization of climate resulting in global warming.


Szkuta K.,University of Barcelona | Pizzicannella R.,Autonomous Province of Trento | Osimo D.,University of Barcelona
Telecommunications Policy | Year: 2014

In the last 15 years, European countries have invested considerable resources to provide e-government services. Despite of its increasing availability, its level of adoption has not been satisfying. On the other hand, over the last years, coinciding with the web 2.0 trend, the e-government services co-produced by citizens start to appear, often without the support, acknowledgement and even awareness of the government. This trend stems from a well-established tradition of offline co- production of public services, i.e. services provided by the voluntary sector, but brought to an unprecedented scale thanks to the advent of web 2.0. Still, the concept remains not well-defined and its impact is not yet well studied. The paper explores on a limited sets of cases what does it mean to collaboratively deliver online public services; what are the success factors based on the cases under study and what are the incentives for service providers (other than public administration), citizens as users and public administration. The authors propose an ostensive definition of the collaborative delivery of public services: collaborative public services are created and run by government, civil society or by private sector building on the re-use of government data or citizens data. Those services are focused on public goods delivery (e.g. health, education, public transport) and are meant to change the traditional government services by engaging in an open dialogue with public administration about the best way to deliver those services. The analysis of six case studies of innovative collaborative online public services suggests that the online collaborative public service delivery increases its quality with the users growth contrary to the traditional offline service delivery. The study results indicate that the current developers interest lies in delivering complementary services to the government run services rather than substitutive services. The authors propose also the initial list of success factors, enabling conditions, and benefits for all main stakeholders (users, innovators and public administration). © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Cavalli M.,CNR Research Institute for Geo-hydrological Protection | Trevisani S.,IUAV University of Venice | Goldin B.,CNR Research Institute for Geo-hydrological Protection | Mion E.,CNR Research Institute for Geo-hydrological Protection | And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Remote Sensing | Year: 2013

High-resolution digital terrain models (HR-DTMs) of regional coverage open interesting scenarios for the analysis of landscape, including derivation and analysis of channel network. In this study, we present the derivation of the channel network from a HR-DTM for the Autonomous Province of Trento. A preliminary automatic extraction of the raw channel network was conducted using a curvature-based algorithm applied to a 4 m resolution DTM derived from an airborne LiDAR survey carried out in 2006. The raw channel network automatically extracted from the HR-DTM underwent a supervised control to check the spatial pattern of the hydrographic network. The supervised control was carried out by means of different informative layers (i.e. geomorphometric indexes, orthophoto imagery and technical cartography) resulting in an accurate and fine-scale channel network.


PubMed | Autonomous Province of Trento, University of Trento and Northwestern University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of neuroscience, psychology, and economics | Year: 2016

Putative human chemosignals have been shown to influence mood states and emotional processing, but the connection between these effects and higher-order cognitive processing is not well established. This study utilized an economic game (Dictator Game) to test whether androstadienone (AND), an odorous compound derived from testosterone, impacts on altruistic behavior. We predicted that the female participants would act more generously in the AND condition, exhibiting a significant interaction effect between gender and AND on Dictator Game contributions. We also expected that the presence of AND should increase the positive mood of the female participants, compared to a control odor condition and also compared to the mood of the male participants. The results confirm our hypotheses: for women the subliminal perception of AND led to larger monetary donations, compared to a control odor, and also increased positive mood. These effects were absent or significantly weaker in men. Our findings highlight the capacity of human putative chemosignals to influence emotions and higher cognitive processes - in particular the processes used in the context of economic decisions - in a gender-specific way.


News Article | November 16, 2016
Site: www.cemag.us

One of the biggest challenges in cognitive or rehabilitation neurosciences is the ability to design a functional hybrid system that can connect and exchange information between biological systems, like neurons in the brain, and human-made electronic devices. A large multidisciplinary effort of researchers in Italy brought together physicists, chemists, biochemists, engineers, molecular biologists, and physiologists to analyze the biocompatibility of the substrate used to connect these biological and human-made components, and investigate the functionality of the adhering cells, creating a living biohybrid system. In an article appearing this week in AIP Advances, from AIP Publishing, the research team used the interaction between light and matter to investigate the material properties at the molecular level using Raman spectroscopy, a technique that, until now, has been principally applied to material science. Thanks to the coupling of the Raman spectrometer with a microscope, spectroscopy becomes a useful tool for investigating micro-objects such as cells and tissues. Raman spectroscopy presents clear advantages for this type of investigation: The molecular composition and the modification of subcellular compartments can be obtained in label-free conditions with non-invasive methods and under physiological conditions, allowing the investigation of a large variety of biological processes both in vitro and in vivo. Once the biocompatibility of the substrate was analyzed and the functionality of the adhering cells investigated, the next part of this puzzle is connecting with the electronic component. In this case a memristor was used. “Its name reveals its peculiarity (MEMory ResISTOR), it has a sort of “memory”: depending on the amount of voltage that has been applied to it in the past, it is able to vary its resistance, because of a change of its microscopic physical properties,” says Silvia Caponi, a physicist at the Italian National Research Council in Rome. By combining memristors, it is possible to create pathways within the electrical circuits that work similar to the natural synapses, which develop variable weight in their connections to reproduce the adaptive/learning mechanism. Layers of organic polymers, like polyaniline (PANI) a semiconductor polymer, also have memristive properties, allowing them to work directly with biological materials into a hybrid bio-electronic system. “We applied the analysis on a hybrid bio-inspired device but in a prospective view, this work provides the proof of concept of an integrated study able to analyse the status of living cells in a large variety of applications that merges nanosciences, neurosciences and bioelectronics,” says Caponi. A natural long-term objective of this work would be interfacing machines and nervous systems as seamlessly as possible. The multidisciplinary team is ready to build on this proof of principle to realize the potential of memristor networks. “Once assured the biocompatibility of the materials on which neurons grow,” says Caponi, “we want to define the materials and their functionalization procedures to find the best configuration for the neuron-memristor interface to deliver a full working hybrid bio-memristive system.” This work is supported by PAT (Autonomous Province of Trento ITALY) "Large projects 2012" Project "Madelena.”


News Article | November 20, 2016
Site: www.sciencedaily.com

One of the biggest challenges in cognitive or rehabilitation neurosciences is the ability to design a functional hybrid system that can connect and exchange information between biological systems, like neurons in the brain, and human-made electronic devices. A large multidisciplinary effort of researchers in Italy brought together physicists, chemists, biochemists, engineers, molecular biologists and physiologists to analyze the biocompatibility of the substrate used to connect these biological and human-made components, and investigate the functionality of the adhering cells, creating a living biohybrid system. In an article appearing this week in AIP Advances, from AIP Publishing, the research team used the interaction between light and matter to investigate the material properties at the molecular level using Raman spectroscopy, a technique that, until now, has been principally applied to material science. Thanks to the coupling of the Raman spectrometer with a microscope, spectroscopy becomes a useful tool for investigating micro-objects such as cells and tissues. Raman spectroscopy presents clear advantages for this type of investigation: The molecular composition and the modification of subcellular compartments can be obtained in label-free conditions with non-invasive methods and under physiological conditions, allowing the investigation of a large variety of biological processes both in vitro and in vivo. Once the biocompatibility of the substrate was analyzed and the functionality of the adhering cells investigated, the next part of this puzzle is connecting with the electronic component. In this case a memristor was used. "Its name reveals its peculiarity (MEMory ResISTOR), it has a sort of "memory": depending on the amount of voltage that has been applied to it in the past, it is able to vary its resistance, because of a change of its microscopic physical properties," said Silvia Caponi, a physicist at the Italian National Research Council in Rome. By combining memristors, it is possible to create pathways within the electrical circuits that work similar to the natural synapses, which develop variable weight in their connections to reproduce the adaptive/learning mechanism. Layers of organic polymers, like polyaniline (PANI) a semiconductor polymer, also have memristive properties, allowing them to work directly with biological materials into a hybrid bio-electronic system. "We applied the analysis on a hybrid bio-inspired device but in a prospective view, this work provides the proof of concept of an integrated study able to analyse the status of living cells in a large variety of applications that merges nanosciences, neurosciences and bioelectronics," said Caponi. A natural long-term objective of this work would be interfacing machines and nervous systems as seamlessly as possible. The multidisciplinary team is ready to build on this proof of principle to realize the potential of memristor networks. "Once assured the biocompatibility of the materials on which neurons grow," said Caponi, "we want to define the materials and their functionalization procedures to find the best configuration for the neuron-memristor interface to deliver a full working hybrid bio-memristive system." This work is supported by PAT (Autonomous Province of Trento ITALY) "Large projects 2012" Project "Madelena."


News Article | November 15, 2016
Site: www.eurekalert.org

WASHINGTON, D.C., November 15, 2016 -- One of the biggest challenges in cognitive or rehabilitation neurosciences is the ability to design a functional hybrid system that can connect and exchange information between biological systems, like neurons in the brain, and human-made electronic devices. A large multidisciplinary effort of researchers in Italy brought together physicists, chemists, biochemists, engineers, molecular biologists and physiologists to analyze the biocompatibility of the substrate used to connect these biological and human-made components, and investigate the functionality of the adhering cells, creating a living biohybrid system. In an article appearing this week in AIP Advances, from AIP Publishing, the research team used the interaction between light and matter to investigate the material properties at the molecular level using Raman spectroscopy, a technique that, until now, has been principally applied to material science. Thanks to the coupling of the Raman spectrometer with a microscope, spectroscopy becomes a useful tool for investigating micro-objects such as cells and tissues. Raman spectroscopy presents clear advantages for this type of investigation: The molecular composition and the modi?cation of subcellular compartments can be obtained in label-free conditions with non-invasive methods and under physiological conditions, allowing the investigation of a large variety of biological processes both in vitro and in vivo. Once the biocompatibility of the substrate was analyzed and the functionality of the adhering cells investigated, the next part of this puzzle is connecting with the electronic component. In this case a memristor was used. "Its name reveals its peculiarity (MEMory ResISTOR), it has a sort of "memory": depending on the amount of voltage that has been applied to it in the past, it is able to vary its resistance, because of a change of its microscopic physical properties," said Silvia Caponi, a physicist at the Italian National Research Council in Rome. By combining memristors, it is possible to create pathways within the electrical circuits that work similar to the natural synapses, which develop variable weight in their connections to reproduce the adaptive/learning mechanism. Layers of organic polymers, like polyaniline (PANI) a semiconductor polymer, also have memristive properties, allowing them to work directly with biological materials into a hybrid bio-electronic system. "We applied the analysis on a hybrid bio-inspired device but in a prospective view, this work provides the proof of concept of an integrated study able to analyse the status of living cells in a large variety of applications that merges nanosciences, neurosciences and bioelectronics," said Caponi. A natural long-term objective of this work would be interfacing machines and nervous systems as seamlessly as possible. The multidisciplinary team is ready to build on this proof of principle to realize the potential of memristor networks. "Once assured the biocompatibility of the materials on which neurons grow," said Caponi, "we want to define the materials and their functionalization procedures to find the best configuration for the neuron-memristor interface to deliver a full working hybrid bio-memristive system." This work is supported by PAT (Autonomous Province of Trento ITALY) "Large projects 2012" Project "Madelena". The article, "A multidisciplinary approach to study the functional properties of neuron-like cell models constituting a living bio-hybrid system: SH-SY5Y cells adhering to PANI substrate," is authored by S. Caponi, S.Mattana, M. Ricci, K.Sagini, L. J. Juarez-Hernandez, A. M. Jimenez-Garduño, N. Cornella, L. Pasquardini, L.Urbanelli, P.Sassi, A.Morresi, C. Emiliani, D. Fioretto, M. Dalla Serra, C. Pederzolli, S. Iannotta, P. Macchi and C. Musio. The article will appear in AIP Advances on November 15, 2016 [DOI: 10.1063/1.4966587]. After that date, it can be accessed at http://scitation. . AIP Advances is a fully open access, online-only, peer-reviewed journal. It covers all areas of applied physical sciences. With its advanced web 2.0 functionality, the journal puts relevant content and discussion tools in the hands of the community to shape the direction of the physical sciences. See http://aipadvances. .


Bigaran F.,Autonomous Province of Trento | Mazzola A.,Autonomous Province of Trento
Acta Geographica Slovenica | Year: 2013

Today mountain areas are facing major economic challenges, due to depopulation, a lack of competitiveness and the impact of climate change. To combat this trend, it has been surmised that an integrated development approach based on innovation, cooperation between the public and private sectors and enhancement of the local cultural heritage could create new opportunities. The authors will report on SYCULTour pilot project initiatives promoted by the Autonomous Province of Trento in cooperation with the Trentino Ecomuseums Network to promote the exploitation of medicinal and aromatic plants, using an integrated approach. A description of the starting up of the pilot project and interviews with those cultivating medicinal plants will be used to highlight innovative processes underway in the ecomuseum areas, in an attempt to show how the cultural heritage, landscape and environment could be integrated to encourage the economic development of mountain communities, as a strategic factor in sustainable development.

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