Soil and crop attributes affected by winter pasture management in integrated crop-livestock system [Atributos de solo e de plantas afetados pelo manejo da pastagem anual de inverno em sistema de integração lavoura-pecuária]
da Veiga M.,Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuaria e Extensao Rural Epagri |
Durigon L.,Autonomo |
Pandolfo C.M.,Epagri |
Balbinot Jr. A.A.,EMBRAPA - Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária
Ciencia Rural | Year: 2012
Continued use of the crop-livestock system in agricultural areas can promote changes in soil physical attributes, as well as affect the productivity of crops grown in rotation with pasture. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of methods of sowing and the interval between the withdrawal and desiccation of pasture on soil physical attributes, aboveground biomass of pasture and productivity of crops sown in succession. It was conducted an experiment in a rural property in Campos Novos, which uses the crop-livestok system, with the following treatments: two types of pasture seeding in autumn (direct seeding without and with subsequent soil harrowing), allocated in main plots, and four intervals of removing animals from the pasture before desiccation (removal of the animals at 28, 14 and 1 day before the desiccation and control, without grazing), allocated as subplots. It was determined the aboveground biomass of pasture, the soil physical attributes after desiccation of grassland and yield of soybeans and corn. The form of winter pasture seeding does not affect the soil physical attributes and crop productivity, while increasing the interval between the withdrawal and desiccation of winter pasture increases the production of the aboveground biomass of the pasture.
De Medeiros A.M.,Autonomo |
Peruch L.A.M.,Epagri Estacao Experimental de Urussanga
Semina:Ciencias Agrarias | Year: 2012
The anthracnose, caused by Glomerella cingulata (anamorf Colletotrichum gloeosporioides), is the most important fungal disease for aerial parts of yellow passionfruit. However, few studies about anthracnose control in field conditions have been published. The objective of this research was to evaluate silicate clay and fungicides for anthracnose control. Treatments evaluated were: tebuconazole (20g i.a./100L), copper oxychloride (180g i.a./100L), silicate clay (15g/L) and control (untreated plants). The sanity of the plants was evaluated through area under disease progress curve (AUCPD), final severity (SEVF) and disease progress curves. Experimental design was completely randomized with five repetitions. Tebuconazole and silicate clay proportioned significant reduction for AUCPD and SEVF compared to control. Copper oxychloride reduced only SEVF. Treatment with tebuconazole reduced AUCPD and SEVF in 75% and 71%, and silicate clay in 82%, respectively. Copper oxychloride reduced SEVF in 76%. The disease progress curves confirmed results and showed lower growth of anthracnose for tebuconazole and silicate clay. Silicate clay and tebuconazole are efficient to control anthracnose in passionfruit.
Physical and mechanical characterization of Mimosa tenuiflora wood for employment in furniture industry [Caracterização físico mecânica da madeira de jurema-preta (Mimosa tenuiflora) visando seu emprego na indústria moveleira]
Da Rocha H.L.S.,Autonomo |
Paes J.B.,Federal University of Espirito Santo |
Mina A.J.S.,Federal University of Paraiba |
De Oliveira E.,Federal University of Campina Grande
Revista Brasileirade Ciencias Agrarias | Year: 2015
The research aimed to obtain the physic mechanical characterization of Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.) Poir. and manufacture a furniture with wood in study and to verify their aesthetic characteristics and superficial finishing. Thus, five trees of Mimosa tenuiflora had been harvested, in Brazilian Savanna (Caatinga) at Lameirão Farm, located in the municipality of Santa Terezinha, Paraíba state, Brazil, manufactured test samples and carried through physical-mechanical wood characterization in accordance with the Standard Brazilian. Assays for determination of basic and apparent densities and moisture, shrinkage and strength and rigidity to compression parallel to the fibers had been carried. For data acquisition was employed Linear Displacement Transducers (LVDTs). The values obtained in research indicated that the wood of Mimosa tenuiflora has good dimensional stability and strength and rigidity characteristics compatible for employ in furniture and small structures.
da Silva R.F.,Federal University of Santa Maria |
Bertollo G.M.,Federal University of Santa Maria |
Corassa G.M.,Federal University of Santa Maria |
Cocco L.B.,Autonomo |
And 2 more authors.
Ciencia Rural | Year: 2014
The high production of liquid pig slurry makes the soil, the main alternative to its use as an organic fertilizer. However, the addition of organic residues in soil management systems is a factor that may influence the soil biota. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of dose application of liquid swine manure on soil biota in different cropping systems. The study was conducted in the experimental area located in the Taquaruçu do Sul. The design was a randomized block factorial arrangement (2x5), two soil management (minimum and no tillage) and five doses (0, 20, 40, 80m3 ha-1 of liquid swine slurry and chemical fertilizer - ROLAS) with four replications. Sampling of soil biota was carried out with PROVID traps in plots of 22.5m2. It was evaluated the total group, springtails, mites, abundance, richness, Simpson's index, Shannon's diversity and Pielou's index. The results indicate that no tillage system associated with 40 and 80m3 ha-1resulted in a greater abundance of organisms, caused by the greater number of springtails. The mite population is larger in minimum tillage compared to no tillage at a rate of 80m3 ha-1. In no-tillage increases the dominance of Simpson and Shannon diversity decreases with increasing levels of liquid swine manure.
Sunada N.S.,São Paulo State University |
Orrico A.C.A.,Federal University of Grande Dourados |
Orrico Junior M.A.P.,Federal University of Grande Dourados |
Centurion S.R.,Federal University of Goais |
And 4 more authors.
Ciencia Rural | Year: 2014
The great demand for animal protein was responsible for the increase on the broilers production and hence, the generation of waste from the poultry slaughter was increased as well, which in turn, propelled the development of techniques that allow the reuse and recycling of these wastes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of composting on the treatment and recycling of solid waste from poultry slaughterhouse. The solid waste was from a commercial poultry slaughterhouse and was composed of viscera, muscle, fat, bone, blood and feathers that was mixed with a source of carbon, rice husk. Initially, a windrow with a volume of 1.5m3 was built, and then some parameters were monitored: temperature, total solids (TS), volatile (VS), N, P, K, organic carbon (C), composting organic matter (COC), organic matter resistant to composting (MORC), chemical oxygen demand (COD), mass and volume of the windrow, most probable number (MPN) of total and fecal coliforms, as well as their reductions during the process. The maximum temperature reached in the center of the windrow was 53.3°C (weekly average) since reductions of weight of TS and VS and volume during the pre-composting were 36.1, 44.3 and 23.3%, respectively and during the composting process was 21.8, 23.8 and 4.4%. The low volume reduction can be associated with high concentrations of MORC (40.1%) which can be mainly related to the quality of the carbon source. The process produced satisfactory total reductions of TS, VS and volume that were respectively, 50.1, 57.5 and 26.7%. However reductions were observed in 43% of amount of nitrogen in the final compound. Despite reductions in nitrogen content, composting proved to be an effective method in the treatment of solid waste from poultry slaughterhouse. © 2014, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria. All rights reserved.