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Bleicher K.,University of Sydney | Bleicher K.,Australia Center for Education and Research on Ageing Project | Cumming R.G.,University of Sydney | Cumming R.G.,Australia Center for Education and Research on Ageing Project | And 17 more authors.
Bone | Year: 2011

Purpose: Weight loss is associated with bone loss; however, it is unclear whether loss of fat or loss of lean body mass plays the key role in this relationship. The aim of this longitudinal analysis was to clarify the relationship between hip BMD, hip BMC and whole body BMC with changes in fat and lean tissue mass in older men. Methods: The Concord Health and Aging in Men Project (CHAMP) is a population-based study in Sydney, Australia, involving 1705 men aged 70-97. years. Bone mineral density (BMD) of the total hip, and bone mineral content (BMC) of the hip and whole body (WB), lean mass and fat mass were measured with Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA). Multivariate linear regression models were used to assess relationships. Results: Over 2.2. years of follow-up, 368(33%) men lost at least 2% of their body weight, which included a mean loss of 0.8. kg/year of lean body mass and 0.9. kg/year of fat body mass. Fat loss was strongly associated with BMD loss in men who lost weight. As a group, weight losers lost 1.0% of hip BMD annually compared to 0.2% in men who gained weight, with each kilo of fat loss associated with 0.6%/year hip BMD loss (p < 0.0001). Lean mass was not associated with hip BMD loss in weight losers, however, lean mass change was associated with BMD change in men who gained weight (0.3% hip BMD increase per kilo increase of lean mass p < 0.01). Conclusion: Maintaining body weight is important for bone health in elderly men. Body fat plays an important role in this relationship, which may reflect the additional metabolic function of adipose tissue. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. Source

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