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Xu M.,Peking University | Wang Y.,Peking University | Dai Z.,Ausnutria Hyproca Dairy Group BV | Zhang Y.,Ausnutria Hyproca Dairy Group BV | And 2 more authors.
Food and Nutrition Research | Year: 2015

Objective: To compare the growth and nutritional status of infants fed goat milk-based formula (GMF) and cow milk-based formula (CMF). Methods: The study was conducted in Beijing, China. It was a double-blind randomized controlled trial. A total of 79 infants aged 0-3 months old were recruited and randomized in GMF or CMF group. The infants were fed the allocated formula to 6 months. The weight, length, and head circumference were measured at the enrolment, 3 and 6 months. The start time and types of solid food were recorded. Blood elements, urinal, and fecal parameters were also tested. Results: The average weight of infants in the GMF group (mean±SD) was 4.67±0.99 kg and in the CMF group 4.73±1.10 kg at enrolment, and 8.75±0.98 kg (GMF) and 8.92±0.88 kg (CMF) at 6 months. There were no differences in the adjusted intention-to-treat analyses of weight, length, head circumference, and BMI z-scores between the two formula-fed groups over the 6-month study. Similarly, there were no remarkable differences in the timing and types of solid food, blood elements, urinal, and feces parameters, between the GMF and CMF group. No group differences have been shown in bowel motion consistency, duration of crying, ease of settling, or frequency of adverse events. Conclusions: GMF-provided growth and nutritional outcomes did not differ from those provided by CMF. © 2015 Meihong Xu et al.

Zhang Y.,China Agricultural University | Chen R.,China Agricultural University | Zuo F.,China Agricultural University | Ma H.,China Agricultural University | And 2 more authors.
International Dairy Journal | Year: 2016

The different potential for release of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV)-inhibitory peptides from bovine and caprine milk casein was assessed by in silico analysis and in vitro proteolytic assays. The former predicted a weakly higher potency for caprine casein than bovine as a precursor of DPP-IV-inhibitory peptides, although with markedly diverse potential for individual caseins. This was verified by protease hydrolysis; trypsin-treated casein hydrolysates (TCAHs) displayed the strongest bioactivity. Fractionation of caprine TCAHs revealed slightly, but significantly, higher inhibitory activity in peptides <5 kDa, and notably greater efficiency in the >5 kDa fraction, than their bovine counterparts. Through in silico trypsin hydrolysis and peptides synthesis, four novel caprine casein-derived DPP-IV-inhibitory peptides, including GPFPILV and HPINHR (half maximal inhibitory concentration = 163.7 ± 1.33 and 452.2 ± 7.15 μ. m, respectively), were found. This study corroborates the weak superiority of caprine casein over bovine in release of DPP-IV-inhibitory peptides, and identifies several novel caprine casein-derived DPP-IV-inhibitory peptides. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

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