AUSL Bologna

Bologna, Italy

AUSL Bologna

Bologna, Italy
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Spica V.R.,Foro Italico University of Rome | Macini P.,SItI Emilia Romagna | Galeone D.,Ministero della Salute | Liguori G.,Parthenope University of Naples | And 109 more authors.
Annali di Igiene | Year: 2015

The Erice Charter was unanimously approved at the conclusion of the 47th Residential Course "Adapted Physical Activity in Sport, Wellness and Fitness: New Challenges for Prevention and Health Promotion", held on 20-24 April 2015 in Erice, Italy, at the "Ettore Majorana" Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture, and promoted by the International School of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine "G. D'Alessandro" and the Study Group on Movement Sciences for Health of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health. After an intense discussion the participants identified the main points associated with the relevance of physical activity for Public Health, claiming the pivotal role of the Department of Prevention in coordinating and managing preventive actions. The participants underlined the importance of the physicians specialized in Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health. The contribution of other operators such as physicians specialized in Sport Medicine was stressed. Further, the holders of the new degree in Human Movement and Sport Sciences were considered fundamental contributors for the performance of physical activity and their presence was seen as a promising opportunity for the Departments of Prevention. Primary prevention based on recreational physical activities should become easily accessible for the population, avoiding obstacles such as certification steps or complex bureaucracy. The Sport Doctor is recognized as the principal referent for preliminary physical evaluation and clinical monitoring in secondary and tertiary prevention actions based on adapted physical activities. Developing research in the field is essential as well as implementing higher education on physical activity management in Schools of Public Health.

Gorlia T.,EORTC Headquarters | Delattre J.-Y.,La Pitie Salpetriere AP HP | Brandes A.A.,AUSL Bologna | Kros J.M.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | And 7 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer | Year: 2013

Background The prognosis of patients with anaplastic oligodendrogliomas (AOD) and oligoastrocytomas (AOA) is variable. Biomarkers might be helpful to identify more homogeneous disease subtypes and improve therapeutic index. The aim of this study is to develop new clinical, pathological and molecular prognostic models for locally diagnosed anaplastic gliomas with oligodendroglial features (AOD or AOA). Methods Data from 368 patients with AOD or AOA recruited in The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) trial 26951 on adjuvant PCV (Procarbazine, CCNU, Vincristine) chemotherapy in anaplastic oligodendroglial tumours were used to develop multifactor models to predict progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Different models were compared by their percentage of explained variation (PEV). Prognostic calculators were derived from these new models. Results Treatment (for PFS only), younger age, confirmed absence of residual tumour on imaging, frontal location, good World Health Organisation (WHO) performance status, absence of endothelial abnormalities and/or necrosis, 1p/19q codeletion and Isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutation were independent factors that predicted better PFS and OS. Conclusions We identified important prognostic factors for AOD and AOA and showed that molecular markers added a major contribution to clinical and pathological factors in explaining PFS and OS. With a positive predictive value of 92% for PFS and 94% for OS, our models allow physicians to precisely identify high risk patients and aid in making therapeutic decisions. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Genestreti G.,AUSL Bologna | Tiseo M.,University of Parma | Kenmotsu H.,Shizouka Cancer Center | Kazushige W.,Shizouka Cancer Center | And 12 more authors.
Clinical Lung Cancer | Year: 2015

Introduction Patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) that progresses after first-line (FL) chemotherapy have a poor prognosis and second-line (SL) chemotherapy has limited efficacy. Patients whose disease relapses/progresses > 90 days after FL platinum-based treatment are considered platinum-sensitive and could be rechallenged with a similar regimen. We conducted a multicenter retrospective analysis to evaluate outcomes of SCLC patients rechallenged with platinum/etoposide. Patients and Methods Records of all SCLC patients treated in 7 institutions between January 2007 and December 2011 were reviewed. The primary end point was overall survival from the time of rechallenge (OS-R); secondary end points were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival from the time of diagnosis (OS-D). Survival curves were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results Of the 2000 SCLC patients identified, 112 (5.6%) had sensitive disease treated with rechallenge platinum/etoposide; 65% were men with a median age of 64 years. At the time of diagnosis, 44% of patients had limited disease, 82% had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 to 1. A median of 4 cycles of rechallenge was administered. Tumor response was 3% for complete response and 42% for partial response, 19% of patients maintained stable disease, 27% progressive disease, and 9% were not evaluable. Median PFS from the time of rechallenge was 5.5 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.4-6.3). Median OS-R and OS-D were 7.9 months (95% CI, 6.9-9.7) and 21.4 months (95% CI, 19.8-24.1), respectively. Subgroup analysis according to relapse-free interval (90-119 vs. 120-149 vs. > 150 days) did not show any statistically significant difference in PFS or OS-R. Conclusion The outcome for SL chemotherapy for SCLC is poor. Rechallenge platinum/etoposide is a reasonable option with potentially better outcomes than standard chemotherapy. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Gridelli C.,SG Moscati Hospital | Novello S.,University of Turin | Zilembo N.,Fondazione IRCCS Instituto Nazionale Dei Tumori | Luciani A.,San Paolo Hospital | And 16 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology | Year: 2014

INTRODUCTION:: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of vandetanib plus gemcitabine (V/G) compared with gemcitabine alone in elderly patients with untreated advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. METHODS:: This was a phase II, randomized, double-blind study. A total of 124 elderly patients (mean age, 75 yr; age range, 70-84 yr; 73% men) received V/G (n = 61) or placebo plus gemcitabine (n = 63). Progression-free survival (PFS) was the primary endpoint. Secondary endpoints were overall survival, objective response rate, duration of response, disease control rate, time to deterioration of performance status, and safety outcomes. RESULTS:: PFS was significantly prolonged with V/G (median, 183 days; 95% confidence interval, 116-214) compared with placebo plus gemcitabine (median, 169 days; 95% confidence interval, 95-194; p = 0.047). No statistically significant differences between arms were observed in all secondary endpoints, including overall survival. The addition of vandetanib to gemcitabine was well tolerated. The rate of patients with 1 treatment-related adverse event was comparable in the two arms, pyrexia, dyspnea, and neutropenia being the most common adverse events. CONCLUSIONS:: V/G combination was associated with a statistically significant prolongation of PFS compared with gemcitabine alone in untreated elderly patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer, with an acceptable safety profile. © 2014 by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer.

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