Aurora University is a private, nonprofit, co-educational liberal arts college located in Aurora, Illinois, United States, 40 miles west of Chicago. In addition to its main campus and the Orchard Center in Aurora, Illinois, AU offers programs online, at its George Williams College campus in Williams Bay, Wisconsin, and at the Woodstock Center in downtown Woodstock, Illinois. Approximately 4,900 students enroll in bachelor, master's and doctoral degree programs at Aurora University. The institution describes itself as "an inclusive community dedicated to the transformative power of learning." Wikipedia.
PubMed | Aurora University, Huzhou Central Hospital and Nanjing University
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2016
Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) plays pivotal roles in cancer development. To date, only a small number of lncRNAs have been characterized at functional level. Here, we discovered a novel lncRNA termed GAS5-AS1 as a tumor suppressor in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The expression of GAS5-AS1 in NSCLC tumors was much lower than that in the adjacent normal lung tissues. The reduced GAS5-AS1 was significantly correlated with larger tumors, higher TNM stages, and lymph node metastasis in NSCLC patients. While ectopic expression or specific knockdown of GAS5-AS1 had no effect on proliferation, cell cycle progression, and apoptosis, it dramatically decreased or increased, respectively, NSCLC cell migration and invasion. Overexpression of GAS5-AS1 in NSCLC cells reduced a cohort of molecules (ZEB1, N-cadherin, Vimentin, and/or Snail1) critical for epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Furthermore, the DNA demethylating agent 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine failed to upregulate GAS5-AS1 in NSCLC cells, whereas the pan-HDAC inhibitors panobinostat and SAHA significantly induced GAS5-AS1 in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, GAS5-AS1 can be upregulated by specific knockdown of HDAC1 or HDAC3. Collectively, our data suggest that histone modifications play a major role leading to epigenetic silencing of GAS5-AS1 in NSCLC and subsequently promote tumor metastasis via upregulation of several key EMT markers.