Nantes, France
Nantes, France
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Fretellier N.,Research Division | Fretellier N.,University of Paris Descartes | Idee J.M.,Research Division | Bruneval P.,Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou | And 13 more authors.
British Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hyperphosphataemia is common in patients with nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF). NSF has been linked to administration of gadolinium (Gd) chelates (GCs) and elevated serum phosphate levels accelerate the release of Gd from linear, non-ionic GCs but not macrocyclic GCs. Hence, we determined whether hyperphosphataemia is a cofactor or risk factor for NSF by investigating the role of hyperphosphataemia in renally impaired rats. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Firstly, the clinical, pathological and bioanalytical consequences of hyperphosphataemia were investigated in subtotal nephrectomized (SNx) Wistar rats following i.v. administration of the non-ionic, linear GC gadodiamide (5 × 2.5 mmol·kg -1·day -1). Secondly, the effects of several GCs were compared in these high-phosphate diet fed rats. Total Gd concentration in skin, femur and plasma was measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and free Gd 3+ in plasma by liquid chromatography coupled to ICP-MS. Relaxometry was used to measure dissociated Gd in skin and bone. KEY RESULTS Four out of seven SNx rats fed a high-phosphate diet administered gadodiamide developed macroscopic and microscopic (fibrotic and inflammatory) skin lesions, whereas no skin lesions were observed in SNx rats treated with saline, the other GCs and free ligands or in the normal diet, gadodiamide-treated group. Unlike the other molecules, gadodiamide gradually increased the r 1 relaxivity value, consistent with its in vivo dissociation and release of soluble Gd. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS Hyperphosphataemia sensitizes renally impaired rats to the profibrotic effects of gadodiamide. Unlike the other GCs investigated, gadodiamide gradually dissociates in vivo. Our data confirm that hyperphosphataemia is a risk factor for NSF. © 2011 The Authors. British Journal of Pharmacology.


Fretellier N.,Research Division | Fretellier N.,University of Paris Descartes | Bouzian N.,Research Division | Parmentier N.,Research Division | And 12 more authors.
Toxicological Sciences | Year: 2013

Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a scleroderma-like disease associated with prior administration of certain gadolinium chelates (GCs). NSF occurs in patients with severe renal failure. The purpose of this study was to set up a rat model of GC-associated NSF to elucidate the mechanism of this devastating disease. Firstly, after characterization of the model, male Wistar rats received a 0.75% adenine-enriched diet for 8, 14, or 16 days to obtain various degrees of renal failure. Rats received five consecutive daily iv injections of saline or gadodiamide (2.5 mmol/kg/day). Secondly, the safety profile and in vivo propensity to dissociate of all categories of marketed GCs (gadoterate, gadobutrol, gadobenate, gadopentetate, and gadodiamide) were compared in rats receiving adenine-enriched diet for 16 days. Serial skin biopsies were performed for blinded histopathological study. Total Gd concentration in tissues was measured by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry. Relaxometry was used to evaluate the presence of dissociated Gd in skin and bone. Gadodiamide-induced high mortality and skin lesions (dermal fibrosis, calcification, and inflammation) were related to adenine diet duration. No skin lesions were observed with other molecules. Unlike macrocyclic GCs, gadodiamide, gadopentetate, and gadobenate gradually increased the r1 relaxivity value, consistent with in vivo dissociation and release of soluble Gd (or, in the case of gadobenate, the consequence of protein binding). Gadodiamide-induced cutaneous and systemic toxicity depended on baseline renal function. We demonstrate in vivo dissociation of linear GCs, gadodiamide, and gadopentetate, whereas macrocyclic agents remained stable over the study period. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Toxicology. All rights reserved.


Vansteelandt M.,University of Nantes | Blanchet E.,University of Nantes | Blanchet E.,Atlantic Bone Screen | Egorov M.,Atlantic Bone Screen | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Natural Products | Year: 2013

A new chlorinated sesquiterpenoid analogue of fumagillin, ligerin (1), was isolated from a marine-derived strain of Penicillium, belonging to the subgenus Penicillium, along with the known compounds penicillic acid (2), orcinol, and orsellinic acid. Chemical structures were established by an interpretation of spectroscopic data including IR, UV, and HRESIMS, together with analyses of 1D and 2D NMR spectra and X-ray analysis for the determination of the absolute configuration. Ligerin (1) displayed strong inhibitory activity against an osteosarcoma cell line. This is the first report of the isolation of a fumagillin analogue from a marine-derived Penicillium strain. © 2013 American Chemical Society and American Society of Pharmacognosy.


David E.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | David E.,University of Nantes | Guihard P.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Guihard P.,University of Nantes | And 19 more authors.
International Journal of Cancer | Year: 2011

The cytokine Oncostatin M (OSM) is cytostatic, pro-apoptotic and induces differentiation of osteosarcoma cells into osteocytes, suggesting new adjuvant treatment for these bone-forming sarcomas. However, OSM systemic over-expression could lead to adverse side effects such as generalized inflammation, neoangiogenesis and osteolysis. We determine here the effect of OSM on chondrosarcoma, another primary bone sarcoma characterized by the production of cartilage matrix and altered bone remodelling. Chondrosarcomas are resistant to conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and wide surgical excision remains the only available treatment. We found that OSM blocked the cell cycle in four of five chondrosarcoma cell lines, independently of p53 and presumably through the JAK3/STAT1 pathway. In two tested cell lines, OSM induced a hypertrophic chondrocyte differentiation, with an induced Cbfa1/SOX9 ratio and induced Coll10, matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP13) and RANKL expression. Adenoviral gene transfer of OSM (AdOSM) in the Swarm rat chondrosarcoma (SRC) model indicated that local intra-tumoral OSM over-expression reduces chondrosarcoma development not only with reduced tumor proliferation and enhanced apoptosis but also with enhanced RANKL expression, osteoclast formation and reduced bone volumes. Flu-like symptoms were induced by the AdOSM, but there was no effect on tumor angiogenesis. Therefore, OSM could be considered as a new adjuvant anti-cancer agent for chondrosarcomas. A local application of this cytokine is presumably needed to overcome the poor vascularization of these tumors and to limit the deleterious effect on other tissues. Its side effect on bone remodeling could be managed with anti-resorption agents, thus offering potential new lines of therapeutic interventions. © 2010 UICC.


Blanchet E.,University of Nantes | Blanchet E.,Atlantic Bone Screen | Vansteelandt M.,University of Nantes | Le Bot R.,Atlantic Bone Screen | And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2014

Ligerin (1) is a natural chlorinated merosesquiterpenoid related to fumagillin (2) exhibiting a selective antiproliferative activity against osteosarcoma cell lines and an in vivo antitumor activity in a murine model. Semisynthesis of ligerin analogs was performed in order to study the effects of the C3-spiroepoxide substitution by a halogenated moiety together with the modulation of the C6 chain. Results showed that all derivatives exhibited an in vitro antiproliferative activity against osteosarcoma cell lines and that chlorohydrin compounds were equally or more active than their spiroepoxy analogs. Among semisynthetic analogs, the parent compound 1 was the best candidate for further studies since it exhibited higher or equivalent activity compared to TNP470 (3) against SaOS2 and MG63 human osteosarcoma cells with a four times weaker toxicity against HFF2 human fibroblasts. Quantitative videomicroscopy analysis was conducted and allowed a better understanding of the mechanism of its antiproliferative activity. © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.


Daubine F.,Atlantic Bone Screen | Le Bot R.,Atlantic Bone Screen | Marquez M.,Karolinska Institutet | Nilsson S.,Karolinska Institutet | And 2 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2011

Aim: To investigate the in vivo efficacy of a novel polybisphosphonate (ODX) in the treatment of bone metastasis from prostate cancer. Material and methods: A rat prostatic carcinoma model was used. Forty-two rats (21 control, 21 treatment) had induction of bone lesions through injection of AT6.1 cells into the distal medullar cavity of long bones (right femur). At day 21 post injection, radiographs were taken and tumor score (severity of lesions, 0-4) and tumor incidence (score >0) were determined. Treatment started at day 23 and lasted until day 49 (four i.v. administrations of ODX during four weeks). Results: ODX reduced the severity of the lesions compared to the control group. Forty-seven percent of the treated rats had regression of their lesions at the study end, including four rats showing disappearance of the lesions i.e. score 0. Osteocondensation at the growth plate was only observed in the treatment group, indicating osteoclast inhibition. Conclusion: In spite of a relatively short treatment period with only four administrations, ODX showed significant efficacy (p=0.0023), with inhibition of tumor progression and osteolysis. The results are encouraging, confirming previous in vitro studies. Clinical research is pending on patients with bone metastasis from castration-resistant prostate cancer.


Fretellier N.,Research and Innovation Division | Maazouz M.,Research and Innovation Division | Luseau A.,Atlantic Bone Screen | Baudimont F.,Atlantic Bone Screen | And 9 more authors.
Reproductive Toxicology | Year: 2014

This study was designed to compare the safety of two gadolinium chelates (GCs), used as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging, in juvenile rats. Juvenile rats received five intravenous administrations (between postnatal day [PND] 4 and 18) of gadoteric acid (macrocyclic ionic GC), gadodiamide (linear nonionic GC) or saline, and sacrificed at PND 25. Gadodiamide induced mortality, alopecia and hyperpigmentation of dorsal skin. Two gadodiamide-treated rats presented severe epidermal and dermal lesions. No abnormal signs were detected following administration of gadoteric acid. Higher tissue gadolinium concentrations were found in the gadodiamide group compared to the gadoteric acid group. Dissociation of gadodiamide was observed in skin and liver, with the presence of dissociated and soluble gadolinium. In conclusion, repeated administration of gadoteric acid was well tolerated by juvenile rats. In contrast, gadodiamide induced significant toxicity and more marked tissue gadolinium retention (at least partly in the dissociated and soluble form). © 2014 Elsevier Inc.


PubMed | Atlantic Bone Screen
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Anticancer research | Year: 2011

To investigate the in vivo efficacy of a novel polybisphosphonate (ODX) in the treatment of bone metastasis from prostate cancer.A rat prostatic carcinoma model was used. Forty-two rats (21 control, 21 treatment) had induction of bone lesions through injection of AT6.1 cells into the distal medullar cavity of long bones (right femur). At day 21 post injection, radiographs were taken and tumor score (severity of lesions, 0-4) and tumor incidence (score >0) were determined. Treatment started at day 23 and lasted until day 49 (four i.v. administrations of ODX during four weeks).ODX reduced the severity of the lesions compared to the control group. Forty-seven percent of the treated rats had regression of their lesions at the study end, including four rats showing disappearance of the lesions i.e. score 0. Osteocondensation at the growth plate was only observed in the treatment group, indicating osteoclast inhibition.In spite of a relatively short treatment period with only four administrations, ODX showed significant efficacy (p=0.0023), with inhibition of tumor progression and osteolysis. The results are encouraging, confirming previous in vitro studies. Clinical research is pending on patients with bone metastasis from castration-resistant prostate cancer.


PubMed | Atlantic Bone Screen and French Institute of Health and Medical Research
Type: | Journal: Reproductive toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.) | Year: 2014

This study was designed to compare the safety of two gadolinium chelates (GCs), used as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging, in juvenile rats. Juvenile rats received five intravenous administrations (between postnatal day [PND] 4 and 18) of gadoteric acid (macrocyclic ionic GC), gadodiamide (linear nonionic GC) or saline, and sacrificed at PND 25. Gadodiamide induced mortality, alopecia and hyperpigmentation of dorsal skin. Two gadodiamide-treated rats presented severe epidermal and dermal lesions. No abnormal signs were detected following administration of gadoteric acid. Higher tissue gadolinium concentrations were found in the gadodiamide group compared to the gadoteric acid group. Dissociation of gadodiamide was observed in skin and liver, with the presence of dissociated and soluble gadolinium. In conclusion, repeated administration of gadoteric acid was well tolerated by juvenile rats. In contrast, gadodiamide induced significant toxicity and more marked tissue gadolinium retention (at least partly in the dissociated and soluble form).

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