Pratsinis H.,Institute of Biology |
Dimozi A.,Institute of Biology |
Pilichos K.,Plastic Reconstructive Surgery |
Tsagarakis S.,Athens Polyclinic Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
Experimental Dermatology | Year: 2011
Excess of glucocorticoids (GCs) has been reported to lead to skin atrophy and impaired wound healing. The present study investigates whether human skin fibroblasts suffer permanent damages due to a long-term exposure to GC excess. Fibroblasts obtained from patients being under GC treatment for periods over one year were cultured under standard conditions in vitro, and studied regarding pivotal parameters involved in skin homeostasis and aging, i.e. collagen production, cell proliferation, and cellular replicative lifespan. No statistical differences were observed regarding these functions compared to those of normal human skin fibroblasts. Furthermore, no differences between normal and patient-derived cells were observed regarding their sensitivity to a supra-physiological cortisol concentration. In conclusion, the prolonged exposure of human skin fibroblasts in vivo to high concentrations of exogenously-administered GC does not lead to persistent adverse effects on their physiology. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Vassiliadi D.A.,Athens Polyclinic Hospital |
Ntali G.,Athens Polyclinic Hospital |
Stratigou T.,Athens Polyclinic Hospital |
Adali M.,Athens Polyclinic Hospital |
Tsagarakis S.,Athens Polyclinic Hospital
Endocrine | Year: 2011
Aberrant receptors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of several types of adrenal tumours. So far the presence of aberrant receptors has been investigated in patients with massively enlarged adrenals due to ACTHindependent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia (AIMAH) and unilateral adrenal adenomas associated with overt or subclinical Cushing's syndrome. The likelihood of aberrant responses in patients presenting with bilateral adrenal incidentalomas (BI) presenting as discrete solitary bilateral adenomas has not been thoroughly addressed. This is an observational cross-sectional prospective study conducted in a secondary/tertiary care centre. We studied 33 patients; 28 with incidentally discovered bilateral discrete adrenal adenomas and five with massive bilateral adrenal macronodular hyperplasia. We probed responses to physiological stimuli, namely upright posture and meal; in a subgroup of menopausal women the presence of aberrant gonadotropin receptors was assessed by the LHRH test. Abnormal responses obtained in tests performed with no dexamethasone suppression were always repeated and confirmed under dexamethasone suppression. Aberrant cortisol responses were confirmed in 10 patients; 9 to posture, 1 to meal (along with a positive response to posture) and 1 to LHRH tests. Patients who responded to any test compared to those who tested negative had larger adenomas, higher post-LDDST and midnight cortisol and a trend for lower ACTH levels. Patients without subclinical hypercortisolism (SH) did not respond to any test while 50% of patients with SH had an aberrant response (P = 0.002). A greater prevalence of aberrant responses was noted in patients with bilateral macronodular hyperplasia compared to those with solitary bilateral adenomas (80 vs. 21.4%, P = 0.02). Aberrant cortisol responses, primarily to posture testing, are present in a substantial proportion of patients with bilateral adrenal incidentalomas. Such cortisol responses are observed only in patients with subclinical hypercortisolism and especially in those patients with larger adrenal lesions. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011.