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Athens, United States

Mavrogenis A.F.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Sakellariou V.I.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Soultanis K.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Mahera H.,KAT Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Orthopedics | Year: 2010

Tumor-induced or oncogenic osteomalacia is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome characterized by overproduction of fibroblast growth factor-23 as a phosphaturic agent and renal phosphate wasting. A range of predominantly mesenchymal neoplasms have been associated with tumor-induced osteomalacia and classified as phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor mixed connective tissues. However, phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor mixed connective tissues could be nonphosphaturic in the first stage of the disease, either because the tumors are resected early in the clinical course or because the patient's osteomalacia was attributed to another cause. This article presents a case of a 42-year-old woman with a 2-year history of low back and right leg pain. Laboratory examinations including serum and urine calcium and phosphorous were within normal values. Imaging of the lumbar spine and pelvis showed an osteolytic lesion occupying the right sacral wing. Histology was unclear. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis for fibroblast growth factor-23 was positive and confirmed the diagnosis of phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor mixed connective tissues. Preoperative selective arterial embolization and complete intralesional excision, bone grafting, and instrumented fusion from L4 to L5 to the iliac wings bilaterally was performed. Postoperative recovery was uneventful. Neurological deficits were not observed. A lumbopelvic corset was applied for 3 months. At 12 months, the patient was asymptomatic. Serum and urine values of calcium and phosphorous were normal throughout the follow-up evaluation.

Michalopoulou P.G.,Kings College London | Michalopoulou P.G.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Konstantakopoulos G.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Konstantakopoulos G.,Kings College London | And 5 more authors.
Comprehensive Psychiatry | Year: 2014

Background The frequent occurrence of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) in the course of schizophrenia and their impact on the functional outcome of the illness underlie the suggestion that the presence of OCS represents a separate subtype of schizophrenia, with a distinct clinical presentation and prognosis and specific neurobiological characteristics. This study investigated whether the presence of OCS in schizophrenia is associated with worse cognitive functioning in the domains of processing speed, executive functions and visuospatial memory. We also explored whether the degree of impairment in any of these cognitive domains could predict group membership (i.e. Schizophrenia with OCS [Sch-OCS] and Schizophrenia without OCS) and if there was a relationship between cognitive functioning and severity of OCS within the Sch-OCS group. Methods Forty patients with schizophrenia, 20 with and 20 without OCS, individually matched for age, gender, years of education and severity of psychotic symptoms and 20 healthy controls underwent a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment. Results Only lower performance in processing speed discriminated patients with OCS from patients without OCS. Processing speed impairment not only classified patients in OCS or non-OCS group but was also independent of the severity of OCS symptoms. Conclusions The notion of additive effects of both schizophrenia and OCD on the structural and functional integrity of the brain circuits that support cognitive functions warrants further investigation in longitudinal neuropsychological and neuroimaging studies with larger samples and sufficient variation in the severity of OCS. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

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