PubMed | Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Athens Chest Hospital Sotiria and Comprehensive Pneumology Center Munich and Member of the German Center for Lung Research
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The European respiratory journal | Year: 2016
Chartis is increasingly used for bronchoscopic assessment of collateral ventilation before endobronchial valve (EBV) treatment for severe emphysema. Its prognostic value is, however, limited by the airway collapse phenomenon. The frequency and clinical significance of the collapse phenomenon remain largely unknown.We performed a retrospective analysis of 92 patients undergoing Chartis evaluation under spontaneous breathing (n=55) or jet ventilation (n=37) from May 2010 to November 2013. Collateral ventilation status (positive/negative/collapse phenomenon/unclear) was reassessed and correlated with high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) fissure analysis and clinical response.In the absence of the collapse phenomenon, the predictive value of Chartis measurements and HRCT fissural analysis was comparable. The collapse phenomenon was observed in 31.5% of all assessments, and was more frequent in lower lobes (44.9% versus 16.9% in upper lobes) and under jet ventilation (41.4% versus 22.1% under spontaneous breathing). 69.8% of lobes with the collapse phenomenon had complete fissures. Most patients with the collapse phenomenon in the target lobe and complete fissures treated with EBVs were responders (n=11/15). All valve-treated collapse phenomenon patients with fissure defects were nonresponders (n=3).In the absence of the collapse phenomenon Chartis measurement is reliable to predict response to valve treatment. In patients with the collapse phenomenon, treatment decisions should be based on HRCT detection of fissure integrity. Chartis assessment should be performed under spontaneous breathing.
Loukeri A.A.,Athens Chest Hospital sotiria |
Kampolis C.F.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens |
Ntokou A.,Sotiria General Hospital |
Tsoukalas G.,Sotiria General Hospital |
Syrigos K.,Sotiria General Hospital
Clinical Lung Cancer | Year: 2015
The average lifelong rate of developing a new primary lung cancer approximates 1% and 6% per year after radical therapy for non-small-cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer, respectively. The frequency of recorded synchronous and metachronous lung cancers has been increasing in the recent years because of the development of early detection techniques and advances in cancer therapy. The distinction between multiple synchronous or metachronous primary lung cancers and intrapulmonary metastases is based on established clinicopathological criteria, however it is often difficult, although of great importance for the management and prognosis of these patients. Newly developed molecular and genomic methods are expected to contribute to a more solid and clear differentiation. Surgical treatment, whenever feasible, is considered the modality of choice for the management of patients with second primary lung cancers, as opposed to those with metastases. The type and extent of surgery are under discussion. The prognosis of patients with second primary lung cancers largely depends on the time of detection and the stage and location of the second cancer, thus surveillance after surgical resection of the initial tumor is mandatory. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Dimopoulos G.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens |
Lerikou M.,Athens Chest Hospital SOTIRIA |
Tsiodras S.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens |
Chranioti A.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens |
And 4 more authors.
Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics | Year: 2012
The role of viruses in Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (AECOPD) needs further elucidation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the molecular epidemiology of viral pathogens in AECOPD.Patients presenting to the Emergency Room with AECOPD needing hospitalization were recruited. Oropharyngeal and sputum samples were collected in order to perform microarrays-based viral testing for the detection of respiratory viruses.A total of 200 (100%) patients were analyzed and from them in 107 (53.5%) a virus was detected. The commonest identified viruses were the human Respiratory Syncytial Virus (subtypes A and B) (40.5%), influenza virus (subtypes A, B, C) (11%), rhinovirus (8%) and human Parainfluenza Virus (subtypes A and B) (7.5%). A bacterial pathogen was isolated in 27 (14%) patients and a dual infection due to a bacterial and a viral pathogen was recognised in 14/107 patients. Patients with AECOPD and a viral infection had a lengthier hospital stay (9.2±4.6 vs 7.6±4.3, p<0.01) while the severity of the disease was no related with significant differences among the groups of the study population.In conclusion, the isolation of a virus was strongly associated with AECOPD in the examined population. The stage of COPD appeared to have no relation with the frequency of the isolated viruses while dual infection with a viral and a bacterial pathogen was not rare. © 2011 .
Papaioannou A.I.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens |
Kostikas K.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens |
Zervas E.,Athens Chest Hospital Sotiria |
Kolilekas L.,Athens Chest Hospital Sotiria |
And 2 more authors.
European Respiratory Review | Year: 2015
Although studies show that control of asthma can be achieved in the majority of patients, surveys repeatedly show that this is not the case in real life. Important measures to implement in order to achieve asthma control are trained healthcare professionals, a good patient–doctor relationship, patient education, avoidance of exposure to triggers, personalised management and adherence to treatment. These measures help the majority of asthma patients but have not yet been widely implemented and there should be a concerted action for their implementation. Moreover, further and focused research is needed in severe/refractory asthma. © ERS 2015.
PubMed | Athens Chest Hospital Sotiria, Biomedical Research Foundation of the Academy of Athens and Gothenburg University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2016
B cells, key cells in allergic inflammation, differentiate in the bone marrow and their precursors include pro-B, pre-B and immature B cells. Eosinophil progenitor cells increase in the lung after allergen exposure. However, the existence and possible role of B cell precursors in the lung during allergic inflammation remains elusive.A BALB/c mouse model of allergic airway inflammation was utilized to perform phenotypic and quantification analyses of pro-B and pre-B cells in the lung by flow cytometry. B cell maturation factors IL-7 and B cell-activating factor (BAFF) and their receptors (CD127 and BAFFR, BCMA, TACI, respectively) were also evaluated in the lung and serum. The effect of anti-BAFF treatment was investigated both in vivo (i.p. administration of BAFF-R-Ig fusion protein) and in vitro (colony forming cell assay). Finally, BAFF levels were examined in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) of asthmatic patients and healthy controls.Precursor pro and pre-B cells increase in the lung after allergen exposure, proliferate in the lung tissue in vivo, express markers of chemotaxis (CCR10 and CXCR4) and co-stimulation (CD40, CD86) and are resistant to apoptosis (Bax). Precursor B cells express receptors for BAFF at baseline, while after allergen challenge both their ligand BAFF and the BCMA receptor expression increases in B cell precursors. Blocking BAFFR in the lung in vivo decreases eosinophils and proliferating precursor B cells. Blocking BAFFR in bone marrow cultures in vitro reduces pre-B colony formation units. BAFF is increased in the BAL of severe asthmatics.Our data support the concept of a BAFF-mediated role for B cell precursors in allergic airway inflammation.
PubMed | UK National Heart and Lung Institute, Foundation Medicine, Athens Chest Hospital Sotiria, Biomedical Research Foundation of the Academy of Athens and King's College London
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The European respiratory journal | Year: 2016
Activin-A is a pleiotropic cytokine that regulates allergic inflammation. Its role in the regulation of angiogenesis, a key feature of airways remodelling in asthma, remains unexplored. Our objective was to investigate the expression of activin-A in asthma and its effects on angiogenesis in vitro.Expression of soluble/immunoreactive activin-A and its receptors was measured in serum, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and endobronchial biopsies from 16 healthy controls, 19 patients with mild/moderate asthma and 22 severely asthmatic patients. In vitro effects of activin-A on baseline and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced human endothelial cell angiogenesis, signalling and cytokine release were compared with BALF concentrations of these cytokines in vivo.Activin-A expression was significantly elevated in serum, BALF and bronchial tissue of the asthmatics, while expression of its protein receptors was reduced. In vitro, activin-A suppressed VEGF-induced endothelial cell proliferation and angiogenesis, inducing autocrine production of anti-angiogenic soluble VEGF receptor (R)1 and interleukin (IL)-18, while reducing production of pro-angiogenic VEGFR2 and IL-17. In parallel, BALF concentrations of soluble VEGFR1 and IL-18 were significantly reduced in severe asthmatics in vivo and inversely correlated with angiogenesis.Activin-A is overexpressed and has anti-angiogenic effects in vitro that are not propagated in vivo, where reduced basal expression of its receptors is observed particularly in severe asthma.
Samitas K.,Asthma Center |
Samitas K.,Center for Basic Research |
Samitas K.,Gothenburg University |
Zervas E.,Asthma Center |
And 11 more authors.
European Respiratory Journal | Year: 2011
Recent studies have associated osteopontin (OPN) with allergic inflammation; however, its role in human asthma remains unclear. The aim of this study was to measure OPN levels in the serum, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and bronchial tissue of healthy controls and asthmatics, identify cellular sources of OPN and examine possible correlations between OPN expression, disease severity and airway remodelling. Serum samples were obtained from 35 mild-to-moderate asthmatics, 19 severe asthmatics and 17 healthy controls in the steady state and in cases of exacerbation. Of these subjects, 29 asthmatics and nine controls underwent bronchoscopy with endobronchial biopsy and BALF collection. OPN expression was determined by ELISA and immunohistochemistry/immunofluorescence. Reticular basement membrane thickness and goblet cell hyperplasia were also determined. Serum and BALF OPN levels were significantly increased in all asthmatics in the steady state, whereas serum levels decreased during exacerbations. OPN was upregulated in the bronchial tissue of all patients, and expressed by epithelial, airway and vascular smooth muscle cells, myofibroblasts, T-lymphocytes and mast cells. OPN expression correlated with reticular basement membrane thickness and was more prominent in subepithelial inflammatory cells in severe compared to mild-to-moderate asthma. OPN expression is upregulated in human asthma and associated with remodelling changes, and its subepithelial expression correlates with disease severity. Copyright©ERS 2011.
Bossios A.,Gothenburg University |
Sjostrand M.,Gothenburg University |
Dahlborn A.-K.,Gothenburg University |
Samitas K.,Athens Chest Hospital Sotiria |
And 3 more authors.
Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Year: 2010
Background: Eosinophils develop from hematopoietic CD34+ progenitor cells in the bone marrow (BM) under the influence of Interleukin-5 (IL-5). The primary source of IL-5 is T-lymphocytes, although other sources may exist. The aims of this study were to determine whether CD34+ cells from human peripheral blood (PB) and BM have the capacity to produce IL-5 when stimulated in vitro, and secondly, whether an elevated number of IL-5-producing CD34+ cells can be found in situ in ongoing eosinophilic disease. Methods: CD34+ cells from PB and BM were stimulated in vitro, and IL-5 production and release was assessed by ELISA, ELISPOT, flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry. Blood and BM from a patient with Churg-Strauss syndrome were analyzed by flow cytometry for CD34+/IL-5+ cells, and immunohistochemical staining of CD34+/IL-5+ cells in bronchial biopsies from an asthmatic patient was performed. Results: Both PB and BM CD34+ cells can produce and release IL-5 when stimulated in vitro. In the Churg-Strauss patient, IL-5-producing CD34+ cells were found in PB and BM. Oral glucocorticoid treatment markedly decreased the number of IL-5-positive CD34 cells in the BM. CD34+/IL-5+ cells were present in a patient with asthma. Conclusion: CD34+ cells in blood and BM are capable of producing IL-5 both in vitro and in vivo in humans, arguing that these cells may have the capacity to contribute to eosinophilic inflammation. Consequently, targeting CD34+ progenitor cells that produce and release IL-5 may be effective in reducing the mobilization of eosinophil lineage-committed cells in eosinophilic-driven diseases. © 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Samitas K.,Athens Chest Hospital Sotiria
Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine | Year: 2016
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Asthma is a heterogeneous disease not only on a clinical but also on a mechanistic level. For a long time, the molecular mechanisms of asthma were considered to be driven by type 2 helper T cells (Th2) and eosinophilic airway inflammation; however, extensive research has revealed that T2-low subtypes that differ from the dominant T2 paradigm are also common. RECENT FINDINGS: Research into asthma pathways has led to the recognition that some asthma phenotypes show absence of T2 inflammation or alternate between T2 and non-T2 responses. Moreover, numerous immune response modifiers that block key-molecules such as interleukin (IL)-5, IL-13, and immunoglobulin E (IgE) have been identified. Along the way, these studies pointed that T2-low inflammation may also be responsible for lack of responsiveness to current treatment regimes. SUMMARY: Asthma pathogenesis is characterized by two major endotypes, a T2-high featuring increased eosinophilic airway inflammation, and a T2-low endotype presenting with either neutrophilic or paucigranulocytic airway inflammation and showing greater resistance to steroids. This clearly presents an unmet therapeutic challenge. A precise definition and characterization of the mechanisms that drive this T2-low inflammatory response in each patient phenotype is necessary to help identify novel drug targets and design more effective and targeted treatments. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
Zervas E.,Athens Chest Hospital Sotiria |
Samitas K.,Athens Chest Hospital Sotiria |
Gaga M.,Athens Chest Hospital Sotiria
International Journal of COPD | Year: 2016
Background: Poor adherence to inhaled therapy is common in patients with asthma and COPD. An inhaler selection based on patients’ preference could be beneficial to adherence and treatment effectiveness. Properly designed questionnaires can assess patients’ satisfaction with their medication devices. The aim of this study was to estimate, using the Feeling of Satisfaction with Inhaler (FSI-10) questionnaire, the ease of use and satisfaction of patients regarding three different marketed dry powder inhalers (DPIs): Diskus®(DK), Elpenhaler®(EH), and Turbuhaler®(TH). The FSI-10 is a self-completed questionnaire to assess patients’ opinions regarding ease of use, portability, and usability of devices, irrespective of the drug used. Patients and methods: We performed a 4-week, open, noninterventional, multicenter, parallel clinical study in 560 asthmatic and 561 COPD patients. During the first visit, patients were classified into three groups according to the DPI they were already using. Patients were regularly receiving their treatments (Seretide DK, Rolenium EH, and Symbicort TH) and agreed to complete the FSI-10 questionnaire in the second visit. Results: A total of 517 COPD and 523 asthma patients completed the study. All DPIs tested received satisfactory results, while the EH obtained consistently higher scores in the FSI-10 in both COPD and asthma patients (44.7 and 44.1 vs 41.5 and 43 for TH, 40.8 and 41.4 for DK, P,0.001 and P,0.01, respectively). TH was rated better than DK by asthma patients. Patients suffering with severe COPD tended to express higher feeling of satisfaction than those with moderate or mild disease, irrespective of the device used. Conclusion: All DPIs tested were highly acceptable by asthma and COPD patients of different ages; nevertheless, EH received significantly higher ratings in most of the questionnaire domains. COPD patients in advanced stages of the disease generally expressed higher level of satisfaction with their devices. © 2016 Zervas et al.