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Chifu I.,Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research | Chifu I.,TU Braunschweig | Chifu I.,Astronomical Institute of Romanian Academy | Inhester B.,Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research | And 3 more authors.
Solar Physics | Year: 2012

Data from the STEREO (Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory) mission are intensively used for 3D reconstruction of solar coronal structures. After the launch of the SDO (Solar Dynamic Observatory) satellite, its additional observations give the possibility to have a third eye for more accurate 3D reconstruction in the very low corona (< 1. 5 R ⊙). With our reconstruction code MBSR (Multi-view B-spline Stereoscopic Reconstruction), we use three view directions (STEREO A, B, and SDO) to perform the 3D reconstruction and evolution of a prominence which triggered a CME on 1 August 2010. In the paper we present the reconstruction of this prominence from the moment it starts to erupt until it leaves the field of view of the coronagraph. We also determine the evolution of the leading edge of the CME. Based on the temporal evolution, we analyze some of its properties, such as velocity, acceleration, opening and rotation angles and evolution of the cavity. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Chifu I.,Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research | Chifu I.,Astronomical Institute of Romanian Academy | Chifu I.,TU Braunschweig | Inhester B.,Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research | Wiegelmann T.,Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research
Astronomy and Astrophysics | Year: 2015

Aims. Nonlinear force-free field (NLFFF) extrapolation has been used extensively in the past to extrapolate solar surface magnetograms to stationary coronal field models. In theoretical tests with known boundary conditions, the nonlinear boundary value problem can be solved reliably. However, if the magnetogram is measured with errors, the extrapolation often yields field lines that disagree with the shapes of simultaneously observed and stereoscopically reconstructed coronal loops. We here propose an extension to an NLFFF extrapolation scheme that remedies this deficiency in that it incorporates the loop information in the extrapolation procedure. Methods. We extended the variational formulation of the NLFFF optimization code by an additional term that monitors and minimizes the difference of the local magnetic field direction and the orientation of 3D plasma loops. We tested the performance of the new code with a previously reported semi-analytical force-free solution. Results. We demonstrate that there is a range of force-free and divergence-free solutions that comply with the boundary measurements within some error bound. With our new approach we can obtain the solution out of this set the coronal fields which is well aligned with given loops. Conclusions. We conclude that the shape of coronal loops reconstructed by stereoscopy may lead to an important stabilization of coronal NLFFF field solutions when, as is typically the case, magnetic surface measurements with limited precision do not allow determining the solution solely from photospheric field measurements. © ESO, 2015.

Roman R.,Astronomical Institute of Romanian Academy
Astrophysics and Space Science | Year: 2011

A new equivalence relation, named relation of 'similarity' is defined and applied in the restricted three-body problem. Using this relation, a new class of trajectories (named 'similar' trajectories) are obtained; they have the theoretical role to give us new details in the restricted three-body problem. The 'similar' coordinate systems allow us in addition to obtain a unitary and an elegant demonstration of some analytical relations in the Roche geometry. As an example, some analytical relations published by Seidov (in Astrophys. J. 603:283, 2004) are demonstrated. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Roman R.,Astronomical Institute of Romanian Academy | Szucs-Csillik I.,Astronomical Institute of Romanian Academy
Astrophysics and Space Science | Year: 2012

The regularization of a new problem, namely the three-body problem, using 'similar' coordinate system is proposed. For this purpose we use the relation of 'similarity', which has been introduced as an equivalence relation in a previous paper (see Roman in Astrophys. Space Sci. doi:10.1007/s10509-011-0747-1, 2011). First we write the Hamiltonian function, the equations of motion in canonical form, and then using a generating function, we obtain the transformed equations of motion. After the coordinates transformations, we introduce the fictitious time, to regularize the equations of motion. Explicit formulas are given for the regularization in the coordinate systems centered in the more massive and the less massive star of the binary system. The 'similar' polar angle's definition is introduced, in order to analyze the regularization's geometrical transformation. The effect of Levi-Civita's transformation is described in a geometrical manner. Using the resulted regularized equations, we analyze and compare these canonical equations numerically, for the Earth-Moon binary system. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Lazar M.,Catholic University of Leuven | Lazar M.,Ruhr University Bochum | Pomoell J.,Catholic University of Leuven | Poedts S.,Catholic University of Leuven | And 2 more authors.
Solar Physics | Year: 2014

Counterstreaming beams of electrons are ubiquitous in coronal mass ejections (CMEs) - although their existence is not unanimously accepted as a necessary and/or sufficient signature of these events. We continue the investigation of a high-latitude CME registered by the Ulysses spacecraft on 18 - 19 January 2002 (Dumitrache, Popescu, and Oncica, Solar Phys. 272, 137, 2011), by surveying the solar-wind electron distributions associated with this event. The temporal evolution of the pitch-angle distributions reveals populations of electrons that are distinguishable through their anisotropy, with clear signatures of i) electron strahls, ii) counter-streaming in the magnetic clouds and their precursors, and iii) unidirectionality in the fast wind preceding the CME. The analysis of the counter-streams inside the CME allows us to elucidate the complexity of the magnetic-cloud structures embedded in the CME and to refine the borders of the event. Identifying such strahls in CMEs, which preserve properties of the low β [<1] coronal plasma, gives more support to the hypothesis that these populations are remnants of the hot coronal electrons that escape from the electrostatic potential of the Sun into the heliosphere. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

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