Yamashita H.,Astellas Pharma Inc.
Pharmaceutical research | Year: 2013
Although a number of studies have reported that cocrystals can form by heating a physical mixture of two components, details surrounding heat-induced cocrystal formation remain unclear. Here, we attempted to clarify the thermal behavior of a physical mixture and cocrystal formation in reference to a binary phase diagram. Physical mixtures prepared using an agate mortar were heated at rates of 2, 5, 10, and 30 °C/min using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Some mixtures were further analyzed using X-ray DSC and polarization microscopy. When a physical mixture consisting of two components which was capable of cocrystal formation was heated using DSC, an exothermic peak associated with cocrystal formation was detected immediately after an endothermic peak. In some combinations, several endothermic peaks were detected and associated with metastable eutectic melting, eutectic melting, and cocrystal melting. In contrast, when a physical mixture of two components which is incapable of cocrystal formation was heated using DSC, only a single endothermic peak associated with eutectic melting was detected. These experimental observations demonstrated how the thermal events were attributed to phase transitions occurring in a binary mixture and clarified the relationship between exothermic peaks and cocrystal formation. Source
Nakamura N.,Astellas Pharma Inc.
Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP | Year: 2012
Survivin is responsible for cancer progression and drug resistance in many types of cancer. YM155 selectively suppresses the expression of survivin and induces apoptosis in cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. However, the mechanism underlying these effects of YM155 is unknown. Here, we show that a transcription factor, interleukin enhancer-binding factor 3 (ILF3)/NF110, is a direct binding target of YM155. The enhanced survivin promoter activity by overexpression of ILF3/NF110 was attenuated by YM155 in a concentration-dependent manner, suggesting that ILF3/NF110 is the physiological target through which YM155 mediates survivin suppression. The results also show that the unique C-terminal region of ILF3/NF110 is important for promoting survivin expression and for high affinity binding to YM155. Source
Astellas Pharma Inc. | Date: 2015-10-29
[Problem] To provide an anti-human TSLP receptor antibody that specifically binds to human TSLP receptor and inhibits an action of human TSLP through human TSLP receptor. [Means for Solution] An anti-human TSLP receptor antibody had been studied by the present inventors, and an anti-human TSLP receptor antibody comprising a heavy chain variable region consisting of the amino acid sequence of amino acid numbers 1 to 118 of SEQ ID NO: 1 and a light chain variable region consisting of the amino acid sequence of amino acid numbers 1 to 108 of SEQ ID NO: 3 was provided. It was revealed that the anti-human TSLP receptor antibody inhibits expression of TARC mRNA induced by TSLP and production of MDC proteins, and suppressed an allergic reaction in a monkey
Astellas Pharma Inc. | Date: 2015-01-23
A method for preventing or treating a disease selected from the group consisting of visceral pain, inflammatory pain, osteoarthritis pain, neuropathic pain, and fibromyalgia in a subject in need thereof, comprising administering to said subject an effective amount of the compound of the following formula (I) or a salt thereof: wherein R
Astellas Pharma Inc. | Date: 2015-04-21
Depsipeptides and congeners thereof are disclosed having structure (I), wherein m, n, p, q, X, R1, R2 and R3 are as defined herein. These compounds, including FR901228, have activity as, for example, immunosuppressants, as well as for the prevention or treatment of patients suffering or at risk of suffering from inflammatory, autoimmune or immune system-related diseases including graft-versus-host disease and enhancement of graft/tissue survival following transplant. Also provided are methods for inhibiting lymphocyte activation, proliferation, and/or suppression of IL-2 secretion.