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She R.C.,University of Utah | She R.C.,Associated Regional University Pathologists Laboratories | Welch R.,Associated Regional University Pathologists Laboratories | Wilson A.R.,Associated Regional University Pathologists Laboratories | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis | Year: 2011

Correlation of serologic titers for Chlamydia trachomatis with other tests has been based on direct fluorescence antibody (DFA) testing and culture, but not on nucleic acid-based tests that are used for screening. We retrospectively reviewed the specificity of antibodies against C. trachomatis, Chlamydia psittaci, and Chlamydophila pneumoniae by microimmunofluorescence (MIF) when compared with DFA, culture, nucleic acid probe, and transcription-mediated amplification. Over a 6-year period, 226 cases had both MIF and one of these other methods performed for comparison. Agreement between C. trachomatis antigen or nucleic acid detection and MIF results was 87% (197/226). C. trachomatis serology had a negative predictive value of 98%, and 10.6% of cases were positive by serology and negative by antigen testing. Of the 13 patients who had a positive C. trachomatis antigen or nucleic acid test result, 9 had IgG and/or IgM titers highest against C. trachomatis, 3 had IgG titers highest against C. pneumoniae, and 1 had undetectable titers for the three chlamydial species. Twenty-five patients had positive IgG and/or IgM titers to C. trachomatis but negative antigen test results. Serologic testing can increase the sensitivity of detecting C. trachomatis infections. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

She R.C.,University of Utah | Polage C.R.,University of Utah | Caram L.B.,Durham Veterans Affairs Hospital | Caram L.B.,Duke University | And 8 more authors.
Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease | Year: 2010

The performance of 4 laboratory methods for diagnosis of viral respiratory tract infections (RTI) in older adults was evaluated. Seventy-four nasopharyngeal (NP) swab specimens were obtained from 60 patients with RTI at a long-term care facility over 2 respiratory seasons. Sixteen specimens were positive for a respiratory virus by at least 1 method. Multiplex reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) by the Luminex xTAG® Respiratory Viral Panel (RVP) detected 16 (100%) of the positive specimens, RVP of 24-h culture supernatant detected 8 (50%), direct fluorescent antibody testing detected 4 (25%), rapid culture detected 2 (12.5%), and rapid antigen testing detected none. For a comparison group, RVP was performed on NP swabs from 20 outpatient children with RTI. The mean fluorescence intensity by RVP was significantly lower for positive adult patients than pediatric patients (P = 0.0373). Our data suggest that older adult patients shed lower titers of viruses, necessitating a highly sensitive assay such as RT-PCR to reliably detect respiratory viral pathogens. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.

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