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Alberola T.M.,Sistemas Genomicos S.L. Paterna | Bautista-Llacer R.,Sistemas Genomicos S.L. Paterna | Vendrell X.,Sistemas Genomicos S.L. Paterna | Garcia-Mengual E.,Reproductive Genetics Laboratory | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics | Year: 2011

Purpose: Development of an ad hoc protocol for the preimplantion genetic diagnosis of propionic acidemia in a couple carrying the mutations c.737G>T (G246V) and c.1218del14ins12 (ins/del) in the PCCB gene. Propionic acidemia is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder where the body is unable to process certain parts of proteins and lipids. Symptoms manifest few days after birth and sometimes progress to more serious medical problems, including heart abnormalities, coma and death. Methods: Four short tandem repeat markers closely linked to the PCCB gene were tested, in order to support the direct mutation detection diagnosis. Multiplex fluorescent heminested polymerase chain reaction followed by fragment analysis and minisequencing was used. Results: Fourteen single blastomeres from nine embryos were tested and two carrier embryos were transferred, resulting in the birth of two healthy boys. Conclusions: Preimplantation genetic diagnosis represents a valid reproductive option for couples affected of propionic acidemia, in order to avoid transmission to offspring. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source


Alberola T.M.,Sistemas Genomicos S.L. Paterna | Vendrell X.,Sistemas Genomicos S.L. Paterna | Bautista-Llacer R.,Sistemas Genomicos S.L. Paterna | Vila M.,Assisted Reproduction Medical Center | And 3 more authors.
Reproductive BioMedicine Online | Year: 2010

Hypokalaemic periodic paralysis is a rare dominant inherited disease where a person suffers sudden falls of circulating potassium concentrations, producing muscle weakness and sometimes severe paralysis. Attacks can occur as frequently as several times a day or once in a year. The age of onset is usually adolescence but symptoms can appear as early as 10 years of age. Muscle weakness can compromise vital functions such as breathing or swallowing and heart arrhythmias are also frequent during attacks. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis, an early form of prenatal diagnosis for couples at risk of transmitting inherited diseases, was used to prevent the transmission of this disease. Six polymorphic short tandem repeat or microsatellite markers (STR) closely linked to the CACNA1S gene were tested. Three fully informative markers were chosen to establish the disease-bearing haplotype in the family and to determine the genetic status of five embryos by multiplex fluorescent heminested PCR. Four of the five embryos tested were diagnosed as non-affected and one as affected. Two embryos were transferred resulting in a singleton pregnancy and the birth of a healthy girl. © 2010, Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Vendrell X.,Sistemas Genomicos S.L | Ferrer M.,Assisted Reproduction Medical Center | Garcia-Mengual E.,Sistemas Genomicos S.L | Munoz P.,Assisted Reproduction Medical Center | And 4 more authors.
Reproductive BioMedicine Online | Year: 2014

Genetic and biochemical sperm integrity is essential to ensure the reproductive competence. However, spermatogenesis involves physiological changes that could endanger sperm integrity. DNA protamination and apoptosis have been studied extensively. Furthermore, elevated rates of aneuploidy and DNA injury correlate with reproductive failures. Consequently, this study applied the conventional spermiogram method in combination with molecular tests to assess genetic integrity in ejaculate from normozoospermic patients with implantation failure by retrospectively analysing aneuploidy (chromosomes 18, X, Y), DNA fragmentation, externalization of phosphatidylserine and mitochondrial membrane potential status before and after magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS). Aneuploid, apoptotic and DNA-injured spermatozoa decreased significantly after MACS. A positive correlation was detected between reduction of aneuploidy and decreased DNA damage, but no correlation was determined with apoptotic markers. The interactions between apoptotic markers, DNA integrity and aneuploidy, and the effect of MACS on these parameters, remain unknown. In conclusion, use of MACS reduced aneuploidy, DNA fragmentation and apoptosis. A postulated mechanism relating aneuploidy and DNA injury is discussed; on the contrary, cell death markers could not be related. An 'apoptotic-like' route could explain this situation. Genetic and biochemical sperm integrity is essential to ensure reproductive success and support the earliest phases of embryo development. Paradoxically, spermatogenesis involves physiological changes that could endanger the DNA and cell integrity. Sperm-specific mechanisms have been studied extensively, and DNA packaging and programmed cell death (apoptosis) are potentially harmful. Also, elevated rates of chromosomal numerical abnormalities and breakage of sperm DNA have been correlated with reproductive failures. In this context, basic sperm examination methods have been combined with molecular tests to assess genetic integrity. On the other hand, magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS) can reduce the number of programmed-to-death spermatozoa. This system retains damaged spermatozoa, thereby improving the sample's quality. The relationships between apoptosis, DNA integrity and chromosomal abnormalities (aneuploidy) as a whole, and the effect of MACS on these parameters remain unknown. We analysed aneuploidy, DNA damage, and biochemical markers of cell death in ejaculate from normozoospermic patients with implantation failures before and after MACS. Aneuploid, apoptotic and DNA-injured spermatozoa decreased significantly after MACS. A positive correlation was detected between the reduction of aneuploidy and DNA damage; on the contrary, no correlation was determined with apoptotic markers. In conclusion, the use of MACS reduced aneuploidy, DNA breakages and apoptosis. A hypothesized mechanism relating aneuploidy and DNA injury is discussed; on the contrary, death cell markers could not be directly related. An 'apoptotic-like' route could explain this situation. © 2013, Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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