Pepas L.,Guys Assisted Conception Unit |
MacMahon E.,Guys and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust |
El Toukhy T.,Guys Assisted Conception Unit |
El Toukhy T.,Kings College London |
And 4 more authors.
Human Fertility | Year: 2011
The European Union Tissues and Cells Directive requires screening of tissue and cell donors for infective organisms to prevent inter-patient transmission. The Directive includes the unique term partner donation, which refers to "donation of reproductive cells between a man and a woman who declare that they have an intimate physical relationship". In line with the Directive, partners undergoing Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) now require screening before each treatment, regardless of the time interval between consecutive cycles. Evidence to support this recommendation is lacking. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective study of all virology screening tests undertaken over a three year period for individuals attending an assisted conception unit serving a high risk inner city population. We ascertained prevalence and seroconversion rates for HIV, hepatitis B and C and estimated the additional cost of implementing the Directive fully in our unit. With more than 3910 ART individuals screened between January 2007 and December 2009, the prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B and C was 0.6, 1.7 and 0.4%, respectively. A total of 422 individuals had a second screening test during the three year period and none seroconverted. This study suggests that increasing the frequency of screening individuals undergoing ART to less than 12 months would not confer added benefit and has significant cost implications. © 2011 The British Fertitlity Society. Source