Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris
Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris
University of Paris Descartes and Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Paris | Date: 2017-09-06
Assessing the severity of cancer and its probability of reccurence are essential for properly staging and treating patients. The present inventors demonstrated that it is possible to predict a patients prognosis by measuring the expression level of various miRNA clusters. Accordingly, the present invention relates to a method for predicting the outcome of a cancer in a patient comprising a step consisting of determining the expression level of a miRNA cluster in a tumour sample obtained from said patient, wherein said miRNA cluster comprises:- miR.29a or,- miR.609 or,- miR.518c or,- miR.520f or,- miR.220a or,- miR.362 or,- miR.660 or,- miR.603 or,- miR.558 or,- miR519bor,- miR.494 or,- miR.130a or,- miR.639. Typically, the expression level of said miRNA clusters is determined by quantitative or semiquantitative RT-PCR.
Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Paris | Date: 2017-05-31
The invention relates to the use of melanin, complexed with an antigen, as a immunostimulatory composition.
Polyquant GmbH, Biomedical Research Foundation Of The Academy Of Athens, Luxembourg Institute Of Health, Institute Curie, Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Paris and Diagnoswiss SA | Date: 2017-06-28
The invention relates to a collection of signature peptides representing at least 10 proteins for use in cancer diagnosis and/or prognosis, to an artificial protein comprising signature peptides representing at least 10 proteins and to a nucleic acid construct encoding for such an artificial protein. The invention further relates to a collection of at least 10 proteins for use in cancer diagnosis and/or prognosis. Additionally, the invention relates to a method for cancer diagnosis and/or prognosis comprising the step of analyzing at least 10 proteins in a urine sample of a subject. Finally, the invention relates to an immunoassay product comprising antibodies for detecting at least 10 proteins.
University of Paris Descartes and Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Paris | Date: 2017-03-01
The present invention relates to a method for predicting the outcome of a cancer in a patient by analysing gene expression in a sample obtained from said patient. More particularly the present invention relates to a method for predicting the outcome of a cancer comprising a step consisting of determining the expression level of a gene cluster consisting of at least 3 genes in a sample obtained from said patient.
French Institute of Health, Medical Research and Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Paris | Date: 2017-06-14
The invention relates to the field of immunology and cell therapy. The invention relates to an in vitro or ex vivo method for obtaining hematopoietic cell population containing regulatory T cells (Tregs) specific for an irrelevant antigen, to a hematopoietic cell population obtained by said method, to a pharmaceutical composition and a product containing said hematopoietic cell population and therapeutic use thereof.
Institute Pasteur Paris, French Institute of Health, Medical Research and Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Paris | Date: 2017-04-19
A massive clonal expansion of activated CD8^(+) T-cells with increased frequency of HPV 16-specific CD8^(+) T-cells was discovered to be a characteristic of oral lichen planus (OLP), indicating a causal link between HPV infection and the dysimmune process. The invention relates to compositions and methods for the diagnosis and treatment of OLP patients.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC1-PM-09-2016 | Award Amount: 6.00M | Year: 2017
Liver cirrhosis is a very common chronic disease and one of the leading causes of death in European. Moreover, cirrhosis has a marked impact in patients quality of life and represents a major burden for health systems. Treatment of cirrhosis is currently based on symptomatic management of complications and has not changed substantially in the last 20 years. There is an unmet need for therapies that target the pathobiology of cirrhosis. The objective of LIVERHOPE project is to evaluate a novel therapeutic strategy for patients with cirrhosis based on a combination of rifaximin and simvastatin, targeting the main pathophysiological mechanisms of disease progression , namely the impairment in the gut-liver axis and the persistent hepatic and systemic inflammatory response. This dual therapeutic approach is supported by preclinical data showing excellent and very promising results. We will perform two randomized double-blind trials to investigate safety, tolerability and efficacy of combination of simvastatin plus rifaximin in patients with decompensated cirrhosis in 5 EU countries (285 patients will be enrolled in two trials in DE, ES, FR, IT, UK). The expected impact is to halt progression to acute-on-chronic liver failure, the main cause of death, to decrease complications of the disease, to reduce hospital readmissions, to improve cost-effectiveness of therapy. Our final aim is to improve patients quality-of-life and increase survival as patients care is the core of LIVERHOPE. Within the project we will also investigate biomarkers of response to treatment and disease progression that can be useful in clinical practice for improving the treatment of patients. We will invest our effort also in communication and dissemination activities for increasing awareness about chronic liver diseases in European countries so that preventive measures can be established to decrease the burden of cirrhosis and reduce social stigmatization of patients with chronic liver diseases.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC1-PM-09-2016 | Award Amount: 6.75M | Year: 2017
The main goal of HIVACAR proposal is to change the current paradigm of HIV treatment by obtaining a functional cure for HIV (i.e., control of viral load to levels below the threshold of 50 copies/ml and maintenance of high CD4\ T-cell count after discontinuation of antiretroviral therapy) thanks to effectively targeting residual virus replication and viral reservoirs. In order to do so, the planned novel strategy is to successfully combine immune-based therapies, including therapeutic vaccines and broadly neutralizing antibodies with latency reversing agents, in a proof-of-concept phase IIa clinical trial. HIVACAR project will lead to a reduction of the actual costs related to HIV treatment and management and of the social public health as well as an improvement in the patients quality of life. HIVACAR project has been conceived under the framework of responsible research and innovation, so patients and other stakeholders will have a key role from the inception of the project until obtaining the results. Patients will be perfectly aware of how this therapy has been conceived and the real impact and change in their actual quality of life, as well as how the clinical trial has been designed and the consequences of participating in it. In addition, patients (and the general population) will tailor the project and its results dissemination and communication. This patient engagement will not be limited to the clinical trial but also to the rest of the activities of the project, so patients and the general society will be aware of how the research is developed and can include the patients point of view in the research activities. In addition, the socio-economic and psycho-social impact of the new treatment will be also analysed so overwhelming data on the benefits and impact of the new treatment will be obtained and shown to all the stakeholders.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC1-PM-11-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 5.56M | Year: 2017
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has included low back pain in its list of twelve priority diseases. Notably, Degenerative disc disease (DDD) presents a large, unmet medical need which results in a disabling loss of mechanical function. Today, no efficient therapy is available. Chronic cases often receive surgery, which may lead to biomechanical problems and accelerated degeneration of adjacent segments. Our consortium partners have developed and studied stem cell-based, regenerative therapies with encouraging results in phase 1 and 2a trials. Patients exhibited rapid and progressive improvement of functional and pain indexes by 50% within 6 months and by 65% to 78% after 1 year with no side effects. In addition, MRI T2 relaxation measurements demonstrated a significant improvement. To develop the worlds first rigorously proven, effective treatment of DDD, RESPINE aims to assess, via a multicentre, randomized, controlled, phase 2b clinical trial including 112 patients with DDD, the efficacy of an allogenic intervertebral mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based therapy. This innovative therapy aims to rapidly (within 3 months) and sustainably (at least 24 months) reduce pain and disability. In addition, the consortium aims to provide new knowledge on immune response & safety associated with allogeneic BM-MSC intradiscal injection. This simple procedure would be cost-effective, minimally invasive, and standardised. The transfer to the clinic will be prepared at a cost below 10k thanks to the strategy of production of allogenic cells, automation & EU standardisation. At the end of the RESPINE trial, we aim to propose a broadly available and clinically applicable treatment for DDD, marketed by European SMEs.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SC1-PM-09-2016 | Award Amount: 7.85M | Year: 2017
Liver disease incidence is increasing and about 170K patients die from liver failure each year in Europe. In liver failure, the accumulation of protein bound toxins and increased susceptibility to infection cause multiorgan failure and death. Liver transplantation is the only treatment known to prolong the life but is limited by availability of organs. A clinically efficacious liver dialysis device is an unmet clinical need. The ALIVER Consortium has developed and optimised a novel liver dialysis device, DIALIVE. The DIALIVE device is protected by world-wide patents and is based upon our discovery that (i) albumin, a circulating protein involved in detoxification is reduced irreversibly in function and (ii) endotoxemia contributes to increased risk of infection in liver failure. DIALIVE incorporates albumin removal and replacement and, endotoxin removal and is a TRL5. In animal models of liver failure, DIALIVE was shown to be easy to use, safe, reduced endotoxemia and, improved albumin and immune function and, prolonged survival. The ALIVER Consortium, which is comprised of experts in liver failure, SMEs and charities proposes to perform clinical trials of DIALIVE in patients with acute on chronic liver failure (ACLF). During the grant period a CE-mark will be obtained and the device will progress to a TRL7/8. Consultation with Regulatory bodies confirms that if the trials are successful, a CE-mark is highly likely. Grifols, a large plasma proteins company is a potential licensee of the technology if the studies proposed by the ALIVER Consortium are positive. We plan to take the project through regulatory and ethics approval and perform two studies to define its safety and efficacy in ACLF patients in 18 European hospitals; define health economic benefits to the EU and define a reimbursement strategy. The results will be disseminated widely and results exploited to benefit patients, EU healthcare system, create new jobs and grow healthcare Industry in Europe.