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Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2013-1 | Award Amount: 860.16K | Year: 2013

Road accidents imply dramatic personal and social consequences. In 2011 it is estimated more than 30,000 people died on the roads of the European Union, and for every death on Europes roads there are an estimated 4 permanently disabling injuries such as damage to the brain or spinal cord, 8 serious injuries and 50 minor injuries. These figures also bring about huge economic cost estimated on about 1,5-2% of gross domestic product in Europe. Different combined factors are normally behind each road accident. However, recent in-depth studies reveal that poor road marking affecting visibility and adherence are among the important factors of traffic deaths. Until now, the road marker most common is road paint. These paints have been developed from different plastic materials such as thermoplastics, epoxy resins and the like. These paints present a lack of mechanical resistance to traffic load, in addition, and due to the chemical composition of the paints, the road marks are easily get dirty when raining, compromising its visibility and the safety of drivers. ROADMARK is focused on the development of a novel inexpensive cementitious material for long-lasting and anti-sliding road marking. The final film will have improved features such as anti-skid, more durable, waterproofing and self-cleaning properties. The mineral compositions will allow getting an improved adhesion between the asphalt and the paint that improved the durability of the paint. Since market penetration for ROADMARK is forecasted to be about 14% after 5 years, the estimated saved cost could be calculated on 24Bn resulting calculated from forecasted penetration rate by year. These savings could be easily view by saved lives, about 10,100 lives and 200,000 people will be saved from being seriously damaged on traffic accidents.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2013-1 | Award Amount: 1.42M | Year: 2013

Uncorrected refractive errors are the second leading cause of blindness. Procedures detecting and correcting those errors, such as regular eye exams, glasses or contact lenses or refractive laser based surgery, could thereby transform the lives of millions of people. It is known that successful laser based refractive eye surgery can reduce or even cure common vision refractive errors, as well as, degenerative disorders like keratoconus, which is due to a corneal disorder. But while refractive surgery is becoming more affordable and safer, results are not as successful as they should be. As a consequence, this technique might not be recommendable for everybody, thus a detailed patient evaluation of his or her cornea should be made before deciding whether a refractive laser based surgery is adequate or not. Based on this fact, the main objective of the POPCORN project is to develop a non-invasive and accurate corneal prediction system. This system will be based on a new imaging technology that will generate a personalised and in-vivo biomechanical model of the patients cornea. This model will be used to predict the biomechanical behaviour and status of the cornea after surgery. This will allow detecting and avoiding possible risks and negative side effects that could lead to the need of further additional treatments or even, long-term consequences in the visual health of the patients. This technology development will be possible thanks to the introduction of plenoptic imaging techniques that will allow generating the specific in-vivo patient model without any invasive technique. This will increase the comfort of the evaluation, while being highly accurate and providing precise diagnosis of corneal diseases. Until now, assessing the biomechanical properties of corneal tissue has not been possible besides measuring the Corneal Hysteresis parameter through an Ocular Response Analyser (ORA). This restrains practitioners and researchers from measuring nothing but merely geometrical aspects of the cornea, such as thickness and topography. The newly developed POPCORN system will allow a meticulous evaluation of patients before a laser based surgical procedure, avoiding future negative long-term side effects or patients being wrongly reoriented to other not as effective treatments.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2010.3.2.1-1 | Award Amount: 2.22M | Year: 2011

Cultural heritage monitoring comprehends a sum of technologies, protocols and studies which need to be modernized and automated to reduce costs and process time. Current spectroscopy permits the study and characterisation of the surface of artworks by the inspection of specific spectral bands, by means of different techniques. As a consequence, the sets of results are often difficult or slow to link, compare or process in order to generate global information about the piece-in-study. In this way, a set of analysis processes must be performed over the artwork, involving piece moving, manipulation, transportation, etc, and therefore putting the artwork at risk of deterioration. The main target of SYDDARTA is to develop a pre-industrial prototype for diagnosing the deterioration on movable assets by the acquisition of 3D-hyperspectral imaging through scanning non-destructive techniques. Such images contain spectroscopic information of the piece to be analysed in different bands of the spectrum, giving chemical composition information of the different materials and layers in the actual 3D surface by means of a very narrow screening bandwidth and the use of volumetric digitisation. These analyses are carried out combining mapping, spectroscopic and image processing techniques, based on tunable filters and customised light sources. The expected prototype will be a new portable type of equipment to use in the preventive conservation and monitoring of movable cultural assets and will provide enormous data sets by non-destructive characterisation techniques. Moreover, the equipment will make use a specific database of materials and pigments monitoring that will be exploited as well. The merging of the technologies involved will be suitable for fast authentication and traceability of cultural assets and will improve the monitoring and conservation of artworks in general, as well as facilitating art digitisation sharing between the cultural organisations across Europe. In addition, the expected project results will not be specific to the art and heritage cultural sector, and may be applied to other fields of research, engineering or industry, for example, for biomedicine, manufacturing, food industry, chemistry or recycling. This means a wider market impact and a greater societal benefit inside and out the European Union.

The NanoPhoSolar project aims to overcome the limitations relating to the efficiency and performance of a range of photovoltaic (PV) systems by developing a transparent NanoPhosphor down converting material capable of absorbing Ultra Violet (UV) and short wavelength visible light and re-emitting in the more useful longer wavelength visible spectrum(range 525-850nm). This will enable the efficiency of Photovoltaic (PV) cells to be increased by an additional 10% for silicon PV and 25.8% for Cigs or cadmium telluride PV and potentially increase system lifetime. By doing this, the PV system created will offer greatly improved environmental performance due to capture of a larger proportion of the incident visible spectrum. This will lead to significant economic and societal benefits to consumers and manufacturers. The SME consortium target a total in-process coating technology market penetration of 5.5% when applied in the manufacturing process and 0.25% when as applied to existing installed PV systems within a 5 year period post project, achieving direct annual sales of over 66 million, ~470 new jobs and annual CO2 emissions savings of 154,697 tonnes per annum. The project results are expected to benefit other SMEs in the PV and materials processing industry sectors.

The project summary The SVARNISH project objective is the development of a varnish with antimicrobial oxygen and water vapour barrier properties and improved physic-mechanical properties, to be used in food industry. The SVARNISH project aims to overcome the flexible packaging limitations related with the traditional food plastic materials, competitive costs, the chemical properties (antimicrobial, oxygen and water vapor), physic-mechanical properties (simplifying the multilayer structures, and improving the simples ones), environmental and sustainable development. We aim to reduce the price of the food packaging around 20% and reduce waste material 8-10%, decreasing the time process manufacturing in a 50%, and reducing the energy consumption in the same 50%. Reduce food waste by 50% and the 85% of the films used for food packaging industry will be recyclable. The food industry spends approximately $84 billion a year on food packaging and processing. Of the total food cost, approximately 8% of the price to the consumer is spent on food packaging and processing. Therefore, it is beneficial to both the consumer and the food industry to use food packaging methods that are both functionally and cost effective. A number of broad drivers in the packaging sector are shaping innovation in product and process development: Reduction in materials usage, lightweighting, increases the barrier properties requirements, increase the speed production, increase the product shelf life, Improve the environmental balance, recyclability or biodegradability. Plastic packaging supposes a great environmental problem, due to their extensive uses, their difficulty to be recycled and their high volume/weight ratio. The manufacturing process applied to the flexible packaging conversion has over the 43% of environmental impact of the total of the printing industry, due to the plastic residues generated and VOCs emitted during manufacturing process: inks, varnishes and other additives. The impact on our environment can be minimized by improving packaging structures, selecting materials and following established regulatory guidelines, The structure of SVARNISH consortium has been selected through a logical process from the raw material needed to improve the varnish to the final printing process, all supply chain it is represented. SVARNISH could become a solution which will improve packaging structures in an environmental and in a cost efficient way by reducing the structures, by the other hand will confer to packaging structures, barrier and improved physic-mechanical properties.

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