Salvador-Carulla L.,Asociacion Espanola Para El Estudio Cientifico Del Envejecimiento Saludable |
Olson Walsh C.,Harvard University |
Alonso F.,Asociacion Espanola Para El Estudio Cientifico Del Envejecimiento Saludable |
Gomez R.,Asociacion Espanola Para El Estudio Cientifico Del Envejecimiento Saludable |
And 4 more authors.
The Scientific World Journal | Year: 2012
Objectives. To create a preliminary taxonomy and related toolkit of health-related habits (HrH) following a person-centered approach with a focus on primary care. Methods. From 2003-2009, a working group (n=6 physicians) defined the knowledge base, created a framing document, and selected evaluation tools using an iterative process. Multidisciplinary focus groups (n=29 health professionals) revised the document and evaluation protocol and participated in a feasibility study and review of the model based on a demonstration study with 11 adult volunteers in Antequera, Spain. Results. The preliminary taxonomy contains 6 domains of HrH and 1 domain of additional health descriptors, 3 subdomains, 43 dimensions, and 141 subdimensions. The evaluation tool was completed by the 11 volunteers. The eVITAL toolkit contains history and examination items for 4 levels of engagement: self-assessment, basic primary care, extended primary care, and specialty care. There was positive feedback from the volunteers and experts, but concern about the length of the evaluation. Conclusions. We present the first taxonomy of HrH, which may aid the development of the new models of care such as the personal contextual factors of the International Classification of Functioning (ICF) and the positive and negative components of the multilevel person-centered integrative diagnosis model. © 2012 Luis Salvador-Carulla et al. Source