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Rome, Italy

Menghetti E.,Direttivo Gruppo Studio Ipertensione | Musacchio P.,ASL RMD | Tawill L.,IDI Inc | Vicini S.,ASL RMD | Spagnolo A.,Direttivo Gruppo Studio Ipertensione
Clinica Terapeutica

Objectives: A study was carried out on students of a middle school with a medium-high social level in a southern zone of Rome, to assess the current situation regarding obesity and arterial hypertension in subjects with a parental environment favouring correct eating habits. Materials and Methods: We considered 693 students, mean age 11.2±0.6. Hypertension was defined according to blood pressure (BP) tables for children and adolescents of the NIH - Fourth Report (systolic and diastolic BP >95th percentile for age and sex). Overweight and obesity were determined according to the International Obesity Task Force. Dietary habits and life-style were investigated by specific questionnaires. Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity was respectively 23.1% and 3.3% of the subjects studied. Moreover, 5.2% of them showed BP values between 90th and 95th percentile and 7.8% was hypertensive. Food habits of the current students were fairly correct, favouring the Mediterranean diet and with the proper number of daily meals. Discussion: A justification for the high number of hypertensive could be due to the elevated consumption of salt added to food (60% of young people), the elevated frequency of those who often eat fast food (43%) and a family history of hypertension in the parents (24%). Only 24.5% of males and 22.9% of females used to practice physical activity; whereas 40% of males and 41% of females used to spend more than 3 hours a day in front of the TV and/or computer. Source

Menghetti E.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Musacchio P.,ASL RMD | Tawill L.,IDI Inc | Vicini S.,ASL RMD | And 2 more authors.
Minerva Pediatrica

Aim. A study was conducted on children from a junior high school in Rome, Monteverde district, to observe data on hypertension and obesity. Data were compared with results from the study carried on two years ago in the same school by the same working group.Methods.The study enrolled 336 students, 52% males and 48% females. Blood pressure was measured with Omron 2 automatic monitor, with child cuffs, weight and height were measured with Seca scale with stadiometer. We assessed hypertension by means of recent Task Force Tables, overweight and obesity with the tables by Cole et al.Results. A proportion of 5% of screened children presented hypertension, 13.9% overweight, 2.3% obesity.Conclusion. Prevalence of hypertension, overweight and obesity was lower than prevalence observed two years ago in the same school, thanks to a change in eating habits which included breakfast promotion, adoption of correct food choices for lunch and dinner, and most of all an increase in extracurricular sports activity, currently performed by 92% of students. Source

Background. The efficacy of a multidisciplinary, intensive and integrated day-hospital treatment was evaluated in a group of overeaters (bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, obesity without binging). Methods. The study sample included 72 subjects consecutively admitted to DH who were evaluated at the first contact with the service, on admission, after 5 weeks of treatment, and at discharge. The primary outcome was the total score at the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), and the secondary outcome was change in body mass index (BMI). The effects of the duration of treatment on results were also assessed. The improvement of EDI and BMI was compared between the two groups of bingers and non-bingers. Results. Four patients dropped during the treatment period. In the whole sample, both EDI and BMI improved significantly after 5 weeks (p=0.00) and continued to improve until the end of treatment (p=0.00). The duration of treatment did not have a significant impact on BMI improvement (p=0.07), but significantly affected EDI improvement (p=0.006), although only during the treatment period. No significant differences were observed between obese/overweight bingers and non-bingers in BMI improvement (p=0.41), whereas EDI improvement was higher in bingers (p=0.02). Conclusions. The relatively good compliance and the efficacy data suggest that in overeating subjects resistant to previous outpatient treatments a more intensive DH treatment may be useful. Our findings show that such a multidisciplinary therapeutic-rehabilitative treatment significantly improves both total EDI score (especially in bingers) and BMI. Source

De Marco M.C.,University of Rome La Sapienza | De Marco M.C.,Psychiatry Unit | Sani G.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Sani G.,Psychiatry Unit | And 21 more authors.
Journal of Forensic Sciences

In Italy, the "silent-consent" principle of donor's willingness regulates organ donation for postmortem transplantation, but civil incompetence excludes it. We investigated decisional capacity for organ donation for transplantation of 30 controls and 30 nonincompetent patients with schizophrenia as related to clinical symptoms, cognition, and functioning. Assessments were carried out through the Competence for Donation Assessment Scale (CDAS), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS), Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms, Life Skills Profile (LSP), Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices (RCPM), Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Rey RI, Rey RD, and Visual Search. Patients and controls differed on the CDAS Understanding and Choice Expression areas. Patients showed significant inverse bivariate correlations between CDAS Understanding and scores on total BPRS, LSP self-care scale, and RCPM cognitive test. Our results show that decisional capacity for participating in research does not predict decisional capacity for postmortem organ donation in patients with schizophrenic or schizoaffective psychosis; hence, before judging consent for donation, patients must be provided with enhanced information to better understand this delicate issue. © 2010 American Academy of Forensic Sciences. Source

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