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Brindisi Montagna, Italy

Fedele P.,Medical Oncology and Breast Unit | Orlando L.,Medical Oncology and Breast Unit | Schiavone P.,Medical Oncology and Breast Unit | Quaranta A.,Medical Oncology and Breast Unit | And 11 more authors.
Future Oncology | Year: 2014

Aims: The prognostic role of BMI variation during and/or after treatments for early-stage breast cancer is still unknown.Patients & methods: The χ2 test was conducted to explore the correlation between breast cancer recurrence and BMI changes in 520 early-stage breast cancer patients. Cox proportional hazard models were used to analyze the association of BMI changes, baseline BMI, known prognostic factors and recurrences.Results: BMI gain was significant determinant of recurrences (p = 0.0008). In multivariate analyses, BMI variation more than 5.71% was associated with higher rates of recurrences, as well as age less than 55 years, stage disease and molecular subtype.Conclusion: Women who experience BMI gain after breast cancer may be at increased risk of poor outcomes. © 2014 Future Medicine Ltd. Source


Tramacere F.,ASL BR | Gianicolo E.L.,National Research Council Italy | Pignatelli A.,ASL BR | Pignatelli A.,University of Bari | And 2 more authors.
Tumori | Year: 2012

Purpose. The aim of the study was to retrospectively compare outcome and complications of prostate cancer patients treated with a curative and postoperative intent using a pretreatment defined NCCN classification. Material and methods. A total of 103 patients was treated curatively (RAD) and 94 postoperatively (POST-OP). The mean age was higher in the RAD group (72.6 years; range, 56.4-85.1) than in the POST-OP group (65.4 years; range, 43.9-77) (P <0.0001). According to the NCCN prognostic classification, 13 (12%) patients were at low risk, 48 (47%) at intermediate risk and 42 (41%) at high risk in the RAD group. In the POST-OP group, 13 (14%) patients were low risk, 37 (40%) at intermediate risk and 44 (46%) at high risk. Hormone therapy was used in 98 patients (95%) in the RAD group and 45 patients (47.8%) in the POST-OP group. Patients were treated with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy. The prescription dose was 80 Gy in 2-Gy fractions in the RAD group and 70 Gy in 2-Gy fractions in the POST-OP. Results. No biochemical, clinical relapse was found in low-risk patients in the RAD group and 1 relapse was found in the POST-OP group. The largest number of relapses occurred (39%) and (33%) in intermediate-high risk in RAD and POST-OP groups, respectively. In the cause-specific survival analysis, no significant differences were found in the high-risk group between RAD and POST-OP groups (P = 0.9). In the analysis of 5-year biochemical relapse-free survival, no significant differences were found in the high-risk group between RAD and POST-OP groups (P = 0.1020). Conclusions. Radiotherapy in the RAD low-risk group was an excellent treatment. RAD and POST-OP radiotherapy were well tolerated with very low toxicity. The causespecific survival at 5 years was 95% and 97% for the two treatment groups, RAD and POST-OP, respectively (logrank test, P = 0.2908). © Il Pensiero Scientifico Editore. Source


Tramacere F.,ASL BR | Gianicolo E.A.L.,National Research Council Italy | Pignatelli A.,ASL BR | Pignatelli A.,University of Bari | And 2 more authors.
Archivio Italiano di Urologia e Andrologia | Year: 2011

Purpose: To analyze survival and complications in high dose 3D conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) patients treated with curative and post-operative intent and compare radical surgery + radiotherapy (RT) patients vs. RT only patients. Material and method: 103 patients were treated curatively (RAD), 94 postoperatively (POST-OP). The mean age was higher in RAD group (72.6 years, range 56.4-85.1) than in POST-OP group (65.4 years, 43.9-77) (p < 0.0001). According to NCCN prognostic classification 13 (12%) patients was low risk, 48 (47%) intermediate risk and 42 (41%) high risk in RAD group. In POST-OP group 13 (14%) patients were low risk, 37 (40%) intermediate risk and 44 (46%) high risk. Hormone Therapy (HT) was administered in 98 patients (95%) in RAD and in 45 patients (47.8%) in POST-OP. Patients were treated with a three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT). In RAD 15 (15%) were alive with disease (AWD), 5 (5%) dead of disease (DOD) and 10 (10%) dead of other cause (DOC); in POST-OP 14 (14.8%) were AWD, 2 (2%) DOD and 3 (3%) DOC. The prescription dose was 80 Gy in 2-Gy fractions in the RAD group, and 70 Gy in 2-Gy fractions in the POST-OP, respectively. Results: No biochemical or clinical relapse was found in low risk patients in RAD group and 1 relapse in POST-OP group. The largest number of relapses occurred and in intermediate-high risk in RAD (39%) and POST-OP group (33%). In the cause-specific survival analysis no significant differences were found in high risk group between RAD and POST-OP (p = 0.9). In the biochemical relapse-free survival (bRFS) at 5 years analysis no significant differences were found in the high risk group between RAD and POST-OP (p = 0.1020). Conclusion: RT in RAD low- risk is very effectiva. RAD and POST-OP RT were well tolerated with a very low toxicity. The cause-specific survival at 5 years was 95% and 97% for the two groups of treatment, RAD and POST-OP respectively (Log-rank test p = 0.2908). Source


Palmiero P.,ASL BR | Maiello M.,ASL BR | Daly Jr. D.D.,University of Alabama at Birmingham | Ciccone M.M.,University of Bari | Nanda N.C.,University of Alabama at Birmingham
Echocardiography | Year: 2012

Objective: The first goal of our study was to investigate major determinants of aortic stiffness in postmenopausal women using an echocardiographic method to calculate global pulse wave velocity (PWVg) rather than the less accurate carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWVc). The second goal was to relate PWVg to the absolute risk of major cardiovascular (CV) events estimated by CV risk factors. Patients and methods: Two hundred forty-four consecutive women who presented to our heart station were screened. One hundred twenty-two were postmenopausal, either natural or surgical, whereas 122 were premenopausal. The mean age of the patients was 54 ± 13 years. Individuals were categorized as current smokers, former smokers, or nonsmokers and hypertensive or not. Hypercholesterolemia and diabetes mellitus were defined. Aortic stiffness was assessed by PWVg measured with pulsed Doppler, the interval between the beginning of QRS complex and the foot of the systolic upstroke in the Doppler spectral envelope was calculated at the aortic valve site and at the right common femoral artery. PWVg was calculated between the aortic valve and right common femoral artery by dividing the straight line distance between the two by the transit time. Results: There was a highly significant statistical difference (P < 0.0012) in PWVg between menstruating women and postmenopausal women. Similarly, this difference in PWVg was also noted among the menstruating population (P < 0.0014) when comparing normotensive women and hypertensive women. In postmenopausal women, PWVg was 6.8 m/sec in normotensive women and 7.56 m/sec in hypertensive women (P < 0.007). Conclusion: PWVg was increased in postmenopausal women compared with menstruating women. Systemic hypertension has an independent, but additive effect on aortic stiffness assessed by PWVg. Our study supports the usefulness of the assessment of aortic stiffness as a marker of CV disease and to identify subjects at risk at an early age. © 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source


Scicchitano P.,University of Bari | Cameli M.,University of Siena | Maiello M.,ASL BR | Modesti P.A.,University of Florence | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Functional Foods | Year: 2014

Dyslipidaemia accelerates the atherosclerotic process and its morbid consequences; statins represent the evidence-based treatment of choice for reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and decreasing cardiovascular events. Unfortunately, statins are frequently not available for several reasons, including intolerance, side effects or, simply, patient preference. Nutraceuticals and functional food ingredients that are beneficial to vascular health may represent useful compounds that are able to reduce the overall cardiovascular risk induced by dyslipidaemia by acting parallel to statins or as adjuvants in case of failure or in situations where statins cannot be used. The mechanisms underlying such actions are not fully understood but may be related to reducing 7α-hydroxylase, increasing faecal excretion of cholesterol, decreasing 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase mRNA levels or reducing the secretion of very low-density lipoprotein. This contribution provides an overview of the mechanism of action of nutraceuticals and functional food ingredients on lipids and their role in the management of lipid disorders. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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