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St. Georg, Germany

Straube F.,Heart Center Munich Bogenhausen | Dorwarth U.,Heart Center Munich Bogenhausen | Vogt J.,Ruhr University Bochum | Kuniss M.,Kerckhoff Klinik GmbH | And 10 more authors.
Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology

AIMS: Cryoballoon (CB) ablation with the second-generation cryoballoon (CBG2) seems to be more effective than its predecessor [first-generation cryoballoon (CBG1)], but phrenic nerve palsies were observed more frequently. The aim of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of CBG1 and CBG2 in a substudy of the prospective multicentre, multinational FREEZE Cohort Study.METHODS AND RESULTS: Periprocedural data were analysed, and a total of 532 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) were examined (n = 224 for CBG1 and n = 308 for CBG2). Procedure time decreased significantly from 149 to 130 min when comparing CBG1 with CBG2 (P < 0.0001), and pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) was achieved in 97.8 and 97.6% of PVs with CBG1 and CBG2 (P = 0.77), respectively. The need for dual-balloon usage within a procedure dropped (20.1 vs. 9.0%, P < 0.001), and the fluoroscopy time was reduced when operating the CBG2. Atrial fibrillation recurrence rates until discharge were similar (5.0 vs. 5.8%, P = 0.69). Comparable low rates of major complications were observed with both CBs, and there was a non-significant trend for more phrenic nerve palsies.CONCLUSION: Second-generation cryoballoon demonstrated a high rate of acute PVI in a significant faster procedure, which also utilized less radiation exposure and less dual-balloon usage during an average procedure. The safety profile remains favourable with a non-significant trend for more phrenic nerve palsies. If the enhancements lead to a higher clinical benefit has to be determined. The 1-year outcome data from the ongoing FREEZE Cohort Study comparing radiofrequency and CB ablation will shed some light on that issue.CLINICAL TRIALS GOV IDENTIFIER: NCT01360008. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2014. For permissions please email: journals.permissions@oup.com. Source

Binder C.,University of Gottingen | Ziepert M.,University of Leipzig | Pfreundschuh M.,Saarland University | Duhrsen U.,University of Duisburg - Essen | And 6 more authors.
Annals of Hematology

The rate of long-term remissions after treatment of peripheral T cell lymphomas (PTCL) with standard CHOP-like protocols is unsatisfactory. A prospective multicenter phase II trial was initiated in untreated patients with PTCL of all International Prognostic Index-risk groups, evaluating alemtuzumab consolidation in patients with complete or good partial remission after CHO(E)P-14 induction. Twenty-nine (70.7 %) of the 41 enrolled patients received alemtuzumab consolidation (133 mg in total). The main grades 3-4 toxicities during alemtuzumab therapy were infections and neutropenia with one potentially treatment-related death. Complete responses were seen in 58.5 %, partial responses in 2.4 % and 29.3 % had progressive disease. After a median observation time of 46 months, 19 patients have died, 16 of them due to lymphoma and/or salvage therapy complications. Event-free and overall survival at 3 years in the whole intent to treat population are 32.3 and 62.5 %, respectively, and 42.4 and 75.1 % in the patients who received alemtuzumab. In conclusion, application of a short course of alemtuzumab after CHO(E)P-14 induction is feasible although complicated by severe infections. A current phase III trial, applying alemtuzumab as part of the initial chemotherapy protocol to avoid early progression, will further clarify its significance for the therapeutic outcome. © 2013 The Author(s). Source

Straube F.,Heart Center Munich Bogenhausen | Dorwarth U.,Heart Center Munich Bogenhausen | Ammar-Busch S.,TU Munich | Peter T.,KRH Klinikum Siloah Oststadt Heidehaus | And 11 more authors.

Aims First-line ablation prior to antiarrhythmic drug (AAD) therapy is an option for symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF); however, the optimal ablation technique, radiofrequency (RF), or cryoballoon (CB) has to be determined. Methods and results The FREEZE Cohort Study compares RF and CB ablation. Treatment-naïve patients were documented in the FREEZEplus Registry. Periprocedural data and outcome were analysed. From 2011 to 2014, a total of 373/4184 (8.9%) patients with PAF naïve to AAD were identified. Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) was performed with RF (n = 180) or CB (n = 193). In the RF group, patients were older (65 vs. 61 years, P < 0.01) compared with the CB group. The procedure time was significantly shorter and radiation exposure higher in the CB group. Major adverse events occurred in 1.6% (CB) and 3.7% (RF) of patients (P = 0.22). AF/atrial tachycardia (AT) recurrence until discharge was 4.5% (RF) and 8.5% (CB, P = 0.2). Follow-up (FU) ≥12 months was available in 99 (RF) and 107 (CB) patients. After 1.4 years of FU, freedom from AF/atrial tachycardia (AT) was 61% (RF) and 71% (CB, P = 0.11). In the RF group, more patients underwent cardioversion, and a trend for more repeat ablations was observed. Persistent phrenic nerve palsy was observed in one patient treated by CB. Conclusion First-line ablation for PAF is safe and effective with either RF or CB. The procedure was faster with the CB, but the radiation exposure was higher. Although there was a trend for more recurrences and complications in the RF group, a more favourable risk profile in patients undergoing CB ablation might have biased the results. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2015. Source

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