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Bad Abbach, Germany

Schafer V.S.,Asklepios Clinic | Fleck M.,Asklepios Clinic | Fleck M.,University of Regensburg | Kellner H.,Hospital Neuwittelsbach | And 6 more authors.
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders | Year: 2013

Background: To evaluate the utility of the recently introduced SOLAR score (sonography of large joints in Rheumatology), which has been validated in RA patients, in a cohort of patients with Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) and Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) presenting with involvement of large peripheral joints. Methods. The recently established SOLAR score has been designed to determine the degree of inflammation in the shoulder, the elbow, the hip and the knee joint in patients suffering from RA. Since large joints are frequently involved in PsA and AS, synovitis and synovial vascularity were scored semiquantitatively (grade 0-3) by grey scale (GSUS) and power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) utilizing the validated scoring system. Each joint was scanned from different angles, the knee joint for example was divided into four areas to score for synovitis: the suprapatellar longitudinal, the medial longitudinal, the lateral longitudinal, and the posterior region. Each area was scored from 0-3, so a maximum score of 12 could be achieved. PsA and AS patients presenting with peripheral joint disease involving large joints were examined at baseline, 3 and 6 months after initiation of local or systemic therapy (DMARDs/Biologics). For evaluation of the inflammatory status, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was determined. Results: A cohort of 126 patients were enclosed, and 83 of these were followed for 6 months. At baseline before modification of the therapy, patients received DMARDs (n = 83), DMARDs plus biologics (n = 30), or biologic monotherapy (n = 29). Following intervention, all US scores demonstrated a marked improvement. The GSUS and the PDUS scores for all joint areas, except the PDUS score of the hip, exhibited a significant improvement (p < 0.05), while the GSUS of the knee showed even a highly significant (p < 0.001) change. The ESR displayed a significant decrease from 27 to 19 mm (p < 0.002) representing good treatment response. Conclusion: The SOLAR score, which has been recently introduced for RA patients, is a very suitable instrument for the qualitative and quantitative evaluation of large joint involvement in PsA and AS patients and allows for treatment monitoring. © 2013 Schäfer et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Hubner C.,University of Leipzig | Baldofski S.,University of Leipzig | Zenger M.,University of Leipzig | Tigges W.,Asklepios Clinic | And 5 more authors.
Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases | Year: 2015

Background Physical activity (PA) seems to be important for long-term weight loss after bariatric surgery; however, studies provide evidence for insufficient PA levels in bariatric patients. Research found self-efficacy to be associated with PA and weight bias internalization, for which an influence on mental and physical health has been shown in recent studies. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of general self-efficacy on PA, mediated by weight bias internalization. Methods In 179 bariatric surgery candidates, general self-efficacy, weight bias internalization, and different intensities of PA were assessed by self-report questionnaires. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the assumed mediational relationship. Results After controlling for sociodemographic variables, weight bias internalization fully mediated the association between general self-efficacy and moderate-intense as well as vigorous-intense PA. Lower general self-efficacy predicted greater weight bias internalization, which in turn predicted lower levels of moderate-intense and vigorous-intense PA. Conclusions The results suggest an influence of weight bias internalization on preoperative PA in bariatric surgery candidates. Subsequently, implementation of interventions addressing weight bias internalization in the usual treatment of bariatric surgery candidates might enhance patients' preoperative PA, while longitudinal analyses are needed to further examine its predictive value on PA after bariatric surgery. © 2015 American Society for Bariatric Surgery.

Sinzobahamvya N.,Congenital Cardiac Center Deutsches Kinderherzzentrum | Photiadis J.,Congenital Cardiac Center Deutsches Kinderherzzentrum | Arenz C.,Congenital Cardiac Center Deutsches Kinderherzzentrum | Kopp T.,Asklepios Clinic | And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery | Year: 2010

Objectives: The Disease-Related Groups (DRGs) system postulates that inpatient stays with similar levels of clinical complexity are expected to consume similar amounts of resources. This, applied to surgery of congenital heart disease, suggests that the higher the complexity of procedures as estimated by the Aristotle complexity score, the higher hospital reimbursement should be. This study analyses how much case-mix index (CMI) generated by German DRG 2009 version correlates with Aristotle score. Methods: A total of 456 DRG cases of year 2008 were regrouped according to German DRG 2009 and related cost-weight values and overall CMI evaluated. Corresponding Aristotle basic and comprehensive complexity scores (ABC and ACC) and levels were determined. Associated surgical performance (Aristotle score times hospital survival) was estimated. Spearman 'r' correlation coefficients were calculated between Aristotle scores and cost-weights. Goodness of fit 'r2' from derived regression was determined. Correlation was estimated to be optimal if Spearman 'r' and derived goodness of fit 'r2' approached 1 value. Results: CMI was 8.787 while mean ABC and ACC scores were 7.64 and 9.27, respectively. Hospital survival was 98.5%: therefore, surgical performance attained 7.53 (ABC score) and 9.13 (ACC score). ABC and ACC scores and levels positively correlated with cost-weights. With Spearman 'r' of 1 and goodness of fit 'r2' of 0.9790, scores of the six ACC levels correlated at best. The equation was y = 0.5591 + 0.939x, in which y stands for cost-weight (CMI) and x for score of ACC level. Conclusions: ACC score correlates almost perfectly with corresponding cost-weights (CMI) generated by the German DRG 2009. It could therefore be used as the basis for hospital reimbursement to compensate in conformity with procedures' complexity. Extrapolated CMI in this series would be 9.264. Modulation of reimbursement according to surgical performance could be established and thus 'reward' quality in congenital heart surgery. © 2009 European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery.

Scagliotti G.V.,University of Turin | Felip E.,University of Barcelona | Besse B.,Institute Gustave Roussy | Von Pawel J.,Asklepios Clinic | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology | Year: 2013

Introduction: This randomized open-label phase II study evaluated the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of pazopanib in combination with pemetrexed compared with the standard cisplatin/pemetrexed doublet in patients with previously untreated, advanced, nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer. Methods: Patients were randomized (2:1 ratio) to receive peme-trexed 500 mg/m 2 intravenously once every 3 weeks plus either oral pazopanib 800 mg daily or cisplatin 75 mg/m2 intravenously once every 3 weeks up to six cycles. All patients received folic acid, vitamin B12, and steroid prophylaxis. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Results: The study was terminated after 106 of 150 patients were randomized due to a higher incidence of adverse events leading to withdrawal from the study and severe and fatal adverse events in the pazopanib/pemetrexed arm than in the cisplatin/pemetrexed arm. At the time enrolment was discontinued, there were three fatal adverse events in the pazopanib/pemetrexed arm, including ileus, tumor embolism, and bronchopneumonia/sepsis. Treatment with pazopanib/pemetrexed was discontinued resulting in more PFS data censored for patients in the pazopanib/pemetrexed arm than those in the cisplatin/pemetrexed arm. There was no statistically significant difference between the pazopanib/pemetrexed and cisplatin/pemetrexed arms for PFS (median PFS, 25.0 versus 22.9 weeks, respectively; hazard ratio = 0.75; 95% confidence interval, 0.43%-1.28%; p = 0.26) or objective response rate (23% versus 34%, respectively; 95% confidence interval, -30.6% to 7.2%; p = 0.21). Conclusion: The combination of pazopanib/pemetrexed in first-line treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer showed some antitumor activity but had unacceptable levels of toxicity. Copyright © 2013 by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer.

Rbenhagen R.,University of Gottingen | Schttrumpf J.P.,University of Gottingen | Strmer K.M.,University of Gottingen | Frosch K.-H.,Asklepios Clinic
Acta Orthopaedica | Year: 2012

Background and purpose Little is known about biochemical mediators that correlate with the initiation and progression of knee osteoarthritis (OA). We therefore valuated the roles of cytokines and metalloenzymes in knee OA in relation to OA grading, age, and BMI. Patients and methods A multiplex ELISA-based immunoassay (Luminex technology) was used to measure biochemical mediators in the synovial fluid (SF) of 82 patients undergoing knee surgery. All patients were classified according to age, BMI, and OA grade. 24 patients had no signs of OA (knee reconstruction surgeries). The mediators that were tested for included interleukins (IL-1Ra, IL-6, IL-7, and IL-18), chemokines (CCL2 (MCP-1), CCL3 (MIP-1a), and CXCL8 (IL-8)), growth factors (HGF and VEGF), and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-9, and MMP-13). Results There was a correlation between IL-7 levels in SF and age (p < 0.01). The 11 highest IL-7 levels were seen in patients who were aged between 59 and 72 but had different OA grades. In contrast, all patients who had severe OA in all 3 knee compartments (pan-OA) had only low or medium IL-7 levels. There was a negative correlation between MMP-1 levels in synovial fluid and grade of OA (p < 0.001). Correlation studies between pairs of mediators revealed two groups of mediators that are important in OA progression, dominated by MCP-1 and IL-1Ra. Interpretation IL-7 levels in SF are elevated in elderly people suffering from OA of different grades, but they are depressed in patients with severe 3-compartment OA, possibly due to widely impaired chondrocytes embedded in the affected cartilage tissue. The observed decrease in MMP-1 levels in SF, which is dependent on the severity of OA, may be caused by deterioration of superficial cartilage layers during progression of OA. © 2011 Nordic Orthopaedic Federation.

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