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Curreli F.,Lindsley F Kimball Research Institute | Zhang H.,Lindsley F Kimball Research Institute | Zhang X.,Lindsley F Kimball Research Institute | Pyatkin I.,Asinex | And 3 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2011

The hydrophobic cavity of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of HIV-1 capsid has been recently validated as potential target for antiviral drugs by peptide-based inhibitors; however, there is no report yet of any small molecule compounds that target this hydrophobic cavity. In order to fill this gap and discover new classes of ant-HIV-1 inhibitors, we undertook a docking-based virtual screening and subsequent analog search, and medicinal chemistry approaches to identify small molecule inhibitors against this target. This article reports for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, identification of diverse classes of inhibitors that efficiently inhibited the formation of mature-like viral particles verified under electron microscope (EM) and showed potential as anti-HIV-1 agents in a viral infectivity assay against a wide range of laboratory-adapted as well as primary isolates in MT-2 cells and PBMC. In addition, the virions produced after the HIV-1 infected cells were treated with two of the most active compounds showed drastically reduced infectivity confirming the potential of these compounds as anti-HIV-1 agents. We have derived a comprehensive SAR from the antiviral data. The SAR analyses will be useful in further optimizing the leads to potential anti-HIV-1 agents. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Titarenko Z.,ASINEX | Vasilevich N.,ASINEX | Zernov V.,ASINEX | Kirpichenok M.,ASINEX | Genis D.,ASINEX
Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design | Year: 2013

An analysis of the chemical environment of the oxygen atoms in the DNP database compared to the CMC and SCD databases was performed. Some structural clusters were identified which are predominant among the natural products and can be considered as distinctive features of NPs. Fifty-three oxygen-containing structural fragments that are distinctive for the DNP (distinctive set of fragments DSF) in comparison with the SCD have been identified. A new descriptor Mc was introduced for describing the ratio of atoms involved in the DSF to the total number of heavy atoms. A significant difference in the Mc values among the reference databases allowed the use of a specific cluster of the DSF as a tool for performing similarity searches for oxygen-containing NP molecules, or for evaluation or comparison of databases according to their NP-likeness. An example illustrating that the suggested approach could allow not only estimating the NP-likeness, but also serve as a tool for designing new NP-like compounds is provided. The suggested approach for NP-likeness evaluation moves away from the traditional ideas of scaffolds, cycles, linkers and substituents. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Type: Journal Article | Journal: Drug discovery today | Year: 2012

Chemistry groups involved in drug discovery continue to devote their efforts to improving compound design with the aim of identifying new drug candidates. Many crucial factors must be considered, including: chemical stability, synthetic difficulty, chemical complexity and diversity, ADMET properties, cost, chemical novelty and intellectual property issues, and biological appropriateness. With regard to the latter point, natural products offer an outstanding source of biologically active molecules that provide many useful features that enable us to design innovative, biologically biased, synthetic compounds. This article outlines the recent approaches in this area and suggests a simple metric to assess synthetic compounds for natural product likeness.

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