Asian Development Bank ADB


Asian Development Bank ADB

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Sah B.P.,Asian Development Bank ADB
Energy Procedia | Year: 2016

Five types of clean energy sources have been assessed, and spatial distribution mapped for energy mix analysis using desa, a village or the smallest government administrative unit in Indonesia, as the unit of analysis. The results show that the total technical potential of clean energy in Bali is 100,664 GWh/yr. They show that there is great potential to enhance the share of clean energy in electricity generation, and meet demand projected to be 4,993 GWh/yr. in Bali in 2019. These results can be used for policy analysis to help Indonesia to meet, and even exceed, the targeted 23% share of clean energy in total power generation by 2025, establish mini/micro gird power generation plants, and formulate feed-in tariffs for the main electricity grid. © 2016 The Authors.

Brooks D.H.,Asian Development Bank ADB | Joshi K.,Asian Development Bank ADB | McArthur J.W.,Brookings Institution | McArthur J.W.,Fung Global Institute | And 2 more authors.
Ecological Economics | Year: 2014

The Asia-Pacific region includes a majority of the world's population and many of its most rapidly growing economies. It is also home to the world's largest number of extremely poor people, many fragile states, and unsustainable environmental practices. The region has increased its influence in the world economy but is still grappling to overcome complex interrelated challenges of poverty, inequality and sustainable development. Its priorities must be addressed as a central element of any post-2015 global development goal framework. Drawing from lessons of the Millennium Development Goals, this paper suggests a conceptual framework to guide a new generation of goals, along with an intergovernmental approach to implementation. The "ZEN" framework stresses the distinct challenges of achieving zero extreme poverty (Z), setting country-specific "Epsilon" benchmarks for broader development challenges (E), and promoting environmental sustainability both within and across borders (N). © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Estrada M.A.R.,University of Malaya | Ndoma I.,University of Malaya | Park D.,Asian Development Bank ADB
Singapore Economic Review | Year: 2016

Following the Minimum Food Security Quota (MFS-Quota) proposed by Ruiz Estrada (2010) to evaluate and determine the food sustainability of any given country in the event of any natural disaster, this paper sets out to apply the MFS-Quota to test Malaysia's food storage and supply readiness for any potential natural disaster that may critically affect the socio-economic and political well-being of the country. The primary objective of the MFS-Quota is to calculate the approximate amount of annual food storage that any country needs in order to subsist through any potential natural disaster. As such, any country could build its own MFS-Quota based on its agriculture production system(s) and national food policy focus. © 2016 World Scientific Publishing Company.

Muraki Y.,Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency | Yahata T.,Asian Development Bank ADB
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC | Year: 2015

This paper introduces the capacity development projects to support developing countries in Asia and the Pacific in applying space-based technology conducted by Asian Development Bank (ADB) with the support of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). ADB is a regional development bank to facilitate economic development and poverty reduction in development member countries in Asia and the Pacific. Based on understanding that the earth observation is useful for the development of member countries in various sectors including disaster risk management, ADB has been using space-based technology applications actively and became a member of Sentinel Asia in 2012. From April 2012 to March 2015, ADB with the support of JAXA conducted the regional capacity development project entitled "Applying Remote Sensing Technology in River Basin Management". This project supported flood management agencies in Bangladesh, Philippines and Viet Nam to apply satellite-based rainfall data. From April 2015, ADB with the support of JAXA started the regional capacity development project entitled "Applying Space-Based Technology and Information and Communication Technology to Strengthen Disaster Resilience". This project will support Armenia, Bangladesh, Philippines and Fiji to introduce satellite-based damage assessment and GPS-equipped mobile phones for data collection for disaster management at the local level. This paper introduces the lessons learned and work plan of these projects and discuss how space assets can help disaster risk management in developing countries.

Brooks D.H.,Asian Development Bank ADB | Ferrarini B.,Asian Development Bank ADB | Go E.C.,Asian Development Bank ADB
ADB Economics Working Paper Series | Year: 2013

We analyze the relationship between food security and trade, focusing on food importers' exposure to sudden market failures from relying on a narrow range of international suppliers. We compute a bilateral import penetration index (BIPI), which gauges the degree to which a country depends on another for food imports. Food trade maps are drawn by the application of a force-directed algorithm that sorts through computed BIPIs and maps the nodes corresponding to the strength of bilateral ties between country pairs, thereby showing importers' vulnerabilities to disruptions in bilateral channels. Results suggest that measures aimed at diversifying supply sources reduce vulnerability. © 2013 by Asian Development Bank.

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