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Russ L.W.,University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign | Takahashi L.M.,University of California at Los Angeles | Ho W.,Asian and Pacific Islander American Health Forum | Tseng W.,University of California at Berkeley | Ponce N.A.,University of California at Los Angeles
Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action | Year: 2012

Problem: This paper argues that it is necessary to strengthen Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander (AA and NHPI) community-based participatory research (CBPR) models that integrate a health policy agenda through dynamic legislative partnerships. Purpose: We utilize a case study approach and examine three health research partnership models that impact legislative design and action: The California Program on Access to Care (CPAC), the California Health Benefits Review Program (CHBRP), and the University of California Asian American and Pacific Islander Policy Multicampus Research Program (UC AAPI Policy MRP). Key Points: In-depth examination reveals the difficulties of engaging in research that collaborates with multiple parties simultaneously and the specific benefits and challenges in each case. Conclusions: New directions are needed to deepen legislative engagement potential in CBPR and the translation of policy research that considers the health of all AA and NHPI communities. © 2012 The Johns Hopkins University Press. Source


Zhu S.-H.,University of California at San Diego | Wong S.,University of California at San Diego | Stevens C.,Tobacco Control Program | Nakashima D.,Asian and Pacific Islander American Health Forum | Gamst A.,University of California at San Diego
American Journal of Public Health | Year: 2010

Objectives. We examined state quitline utilization by smokers who called Chinese-, Vietnamese-, or Korean-language lines, and compared their usage rates to those of Asians and Whites calling the English-language line. Methods. Using data from 15 years (1993-2008) of operation of the California quitline (which included data on 22061 callers to Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese lines) and from multiple California Health Interview Surveys, we computed the call rates for Whites, English-speaking Asians, and the 3 Asianlanguage groups. We also examined callers' demographics and where they heard about the quitline. Results. Asian smokers who spoke English were significantly less likely than English-speaking White smokers to call the quitline (odds ratios range from 0.36 to 0.62). Smokers speaking 1 of the 3 Asian languages were no less likely than White smokers to call (odds ratios range from 0.82 to 3.25). More than 80% of those calling the Asian-language lines reported hearing about the quitline through mass media. Conclusions. Contrary to general expectation, smokers speaking Asian languages were just as likely to call the quitline as English-speaking White smokers. State quitlines should consider adding Asian-language lines to help address disparities in access to cessation services. Source


Cook W.K.,Asian and Pacific Islander American Health Forum | Tseng W.,University of California at Berkeley | Bautista R.,Asian and Pacific Islander American Health Forum | John I.,Asian and Pacific Islander American Health Forum
Preventive Medicine Reports | Year: 2016

Asian American children and adolescents are an under-investigated subpopulation in obesity research. This study aimed to identify specific profiles of Asian subgroups at high risk of adolescent overweight with special attention to Asian ethnicity, socioeconomic status (SES), and their interaction. Multiple logistic regression models were fitted using a sample of 1533 Asian American adolescents ages 12-17 from the 2007-2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS). In addition to Asian ethnicity and socioeconomic status (assessed by family income and parental education level), age, gender, nativity, and two lifestyle variables, fast food consumption and physical activity, were also controlled for in these models. Key predictors of overweight in Asian American adolescents included certain Asian ethnicities (Southeast Asian, Filipino, and mixed ethnicities), low family income (<. 300% of the Federal Poverty Level), and being male. Multiplicative interaction terms between low family income and two ethnicities, Southeast Asian and Vietnamese that had the lowest SES among Asian ethnic groups, were significantly associated with greatly elevated odds of being overweight (ORs = 12.90 and 6.67, respectively). These findings suggest that high risk of overweight in Asian American adolescents associated with low family incomes may be further elevated for those in low-income ethnic groups. Future research might investigate ethnic-group SES as a meaningful indicator of community-level socioeconomic disparities that influence the health of Asian Americans. © 2016 The Authors. Source


Cook W.K.,Asian and Pacific Islander American Health Forum | Tseng W.,University of California at Berkeley | Chin K.K.,Asian and Pacific Islander American Health Forum | John I.,Asian and Pacific Islander American Health Forum | Chung C.,Asian and Pacific Islander American Health Forum
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved | Year: 2014

Working in small businesses has been identified as a key factor for low coverage rates in immigrant communities. In this study, we identify specific cultural and socioeconomic predictors of Asian Americans who work in small businesses to identify subgroups at a greater disadvantage than others in obtaining health insurance. Logistic regression models were fitted using a sample of 3,819 Asian American small business owners and employers extracted from pooled 2005-2012 California Health Interview Survey data. We found that individuals with low income levels, Korean Americans, U.S.-born South Asian and Southeast Asian (other than Vietnamese) Americans, immigrants without citizenship (particularly those lacking a green card), and individuals with limited English proficiency had higher odds of lacking coverage. The odds of being uninsured did not differ between small business owners and employees. Based upon these key findings, we propose several strategies to expand coverage for Asian Americans working in small businesses and their most vulnerable subgroups. © Meharry Medical College. Source


Cook W.K.,Asian and Pacific Islander American Health Forum | Weir R.C.,Association of Asian Pacific Community Health Organizations | Ko K.L.,Asian and Pacific Islander American Health Forum | Panapasa S.,University of Michigan | And 4 more authors.
Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action | Year: 2012

Background: Functionally, many CBPR projects operate through a model of academic partners providing research expertise and community partners playing a supporting role. Objectives: To demonstrate how national umbrella organizations deeply rooted in communities, cognizant of community needs, and drawing on the insights and assets of community partners, can lead efforts to address health disparities affecting their constituents through research. Methods: Case studies of two Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander national organizations Results: Strategically engaging a diverse range of partners and securing flexible funding mechanisms that support research were important facilitators. Main challenges included limited interest of local community organizations whose primary missions as service or health care providers may deprioritize research. Conclusions: Efforts to make research relevant to the work of community partners and to instill the value of research in community partners, as well as flexible funding mechanisms, may help to promote community-driven research. © 2012 The Johns Hopkins University Press. Source

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