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Chow A.T.,Clemson University | Cheung S.,Asia Turtle Rehabilitation Project | Yip P.K.,Asia Turtle Rehabilitation Project
Human-Wildlife Interactions | Year: 2014

China is one of the largest consumers of wild animals for food and traditional Chinese medicine in the world. A large volume of illegal trade has been recorded in the primary cities, such as Hong Kong and Guangzhou, but the wildlife markets in secondary Chinese cities have not been investigated. This study was carried out in 7 cities in Guangdong and Guangxi provinces. Wildlife trade data were collected using semi-structured interview, observation, and market survey. The study documented the selling of 97 animal species, >7,000 individuals. The most frequently used animal groups by quantity were reptiles (51%), followed by birds (21%) and mammals (10%). Of the reported species, 23% were threatened, including 1 species critically endangered and 12 species endangered. In this study, there were 19 species observed that are recognized by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). The results show that the animals originated not only from south China but also Indochina and Southeast Asia. Our survey also verified that Guangzhou and Hong Kong are not the only wildlife markets in South China. A large volume of illegal trade also is occurring in secondary cities in South China. Source


Cheung S.M.,Asia Turtle Rehabilitation Project | Chow A.T.,Clemson University
Journal of Biological Education | Year: 2011

This article describes a survey conducted by 20 university students in Guangzhou, China since January 2008 on the live turtle trade in markets. Lectures on the Asian turtle conservation problem, turtle identification skills and survey techniques were given to the students before on-site surveys. After guided observation with teachers, students, implemented a regular monthly survey on their own. Publications in popular magazines, posters at professional conferences, and seminars in local schools were some follow-up activities. This experience fostered the concept of sustainable use of natural resources through contact with traders who sell endangered animals to make a living. Market surveys provide an economical and practical project-based learning experience. With minor adjustment, market surveys are a feasible learning experience for students in both developing and well-developed countries. © 2011 Society of Biology. Source


Lo A.Y.,Griffith University | Lo A.Y.,Clemson University | Chow A.T.,Clemson University | Cheung S.M.,Asia Turtle Rehabilitation Project
Environmental Management | Year: 2012

The likelihood of participating in wildlife conservation programs is dependent on social influences and circumstances. This view is validated by a case study of behavioral intention to support conservation of Asian turtles. A total of 776 college students in China completed a questionnaire survey designed to identify factors associated with their intention to support conservation. A regression model explained 48 % of variance in the level of intention. Perceived social expectation was the strongest predictor, followed by attitudes toward turtle protection and perceived behavioral control, altogether explaining 44 %. Strong ethics and socio-economic variables had some statistical significant impacts and accounted for 3 % of the variance. The effects of general environmental awareness, trust and responsibility ascription were modest. Knowledge about turtles was a weak predictor. We conclude that perceived social expectation is a limiting factor of conservation behavior. Sustained interest and commitment to conservation can be created by enhancing positive social influences. Conservation educators should explore the potential of professionally supported, group-based actions that can nurture a sense of collective achievement as part of an educational campaign. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

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