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Arystanbekova A.K.,Al-Farabi Kazakh National University | Azizian R.,Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies | Chukayeva S.S.,Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
Life Science Journal | Year: 2014

This article explores new realities facing international organizations in the Asia-Pacific region based on the case study of Kazakhstan - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and cooperation. Increased cooperation is ever more important for UNESCO, struggling to address major funding shortfall, and Kazakhstan, yearning to change its status as an international aid recipient to a donor nation. This article is intended for specialists as well as a wider audience - students of international organizations, international cultural cooperation, the Central Asian region, and international and cultural affairs of Republic of Kazakhstan (The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies or the Kazakhstan National Federation of UNESCO Clubs).

Berlin D.,Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies
Journal of the Indian Ocean Region | Year: 2011

Over the past few years, India has placed itself on a path to potentially achieve the regional influence in the Indian Ocean to which it aspires. To this end, New Delhi has raised its profile and strengthened its position in a variety of states on the Indian Ocean littoral, especially Iran, Sri Lanka, Burma, Singapore, Thailand and most of the Ocean's small island states. India has also become a more palpable presence in some of the Ocean's key maritime zones, particularly the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. Of equal or greater importance, India's links with the most important external actors in the Indian Ocean - the United States, Japan, Israel and France - have also been upgraded. These are significant achievements and derive both from India's growing economic clout and the surer hand of contemporary Indian diplomacy. Gaps, of course, remain in India's strategic posture. New Delhi will need to strengthen further its hand in coastal Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. More work will also be required to upgrade India's still somewhat distant relationship with Australia. At the same time, India will need to be more skilful than it has been in cultivating - or 'compelling' - better relations and an environment more attuned to its interests in Pakistan and Bangladesh. As India pursues its various goals in the Indian Ocean, much will depend on the performance of the Indian economy and on India's ability to avoid domestic communal discord. Another variable will be the extent to which other states - particularly China and the United States, but also Pakistan and others in southern Asia - are willing or able to offer serious resistance to India's ambitions. The future of political Islam is another wild card. However, barring a halt to globalisation - one of the key mega-trends of the contemporary world - the rise of India in the Indian Ocean is fairly certain. This development will have a transforming effect on the Indian Ocean basin and eventually the world. © 2011 Indian Ocean Research Group.

Berlin D.,Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies
Journal of the Indian Ocean Region | Year: 2010

The thesis of this paper is that maritime security, or at least the 'opposition' of sea and land power, is one of the key defining attributes of the international system today - and particularly so in the Indian Ocean Region. The paper discusses the nature and interaction of two of the most important trends that are being played out as a competitive process in the region. The first is the ongoing aim of the United States and its allies to maintain and strengthen their Indian Ocean presence and influence in order to achieve certain key strategic objectives. The second represents the aims of China, Iran, Pakistan and Russia to strengthen their own regional maritime security by enhancing their capacity to counteract any threats from the US-led coalition. © 2010 Indian Ocean Research Group.

Reeves J.,Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies
Terrorism and Political Violence | Year: 2014

This article demonstrates how scholarship on terrorism in China has provided the intellectual backdrop against which China's leadership has developed the country's counterterrorism institutions, policies, and laws. Building on the linkages between scholarship and policy-making, the article suggests potential avenues for policy reform in China's current counterterrorism architecture. © 2014 Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

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