Nawahda A.,Sohar University |
Yamashita K.,Asia Center for Air Pollution Research Center |
Ohara T.,Japan National Institute of Environmental Studies |
Kurokawa J.,Asia Center for Air Pollution Research Center |
And 3 more authors.
Atmospheric Environment | Year: 2013
In Japan, all 47 prefectures conduct routine air quality monitoring at 1145 stations throughout the country to assess environmental effects. This study aims to provide a better understanding of possible estimations of premature mortality in Japan caused by exposure to monitored and modeled concentrations of tropospheric ozone during the period from January to December, 2005. The spatial distribution and temporal variation of ozone concentrations were modeled using the Models-3 Community Multiscale Air Quality modeling system coupled with the Regional Emission Inventory in Asia (CMAQ/REAS). Premature mortality caused by exposure to ozone was calculated assuming a relative risk ( RR) value of 1.003 [95% Confidence Interval (CI): 1.001-1.004] for concentrations above 35ppb according to the SOMO35 index (annual Sum of daily maximum 8-h Ozone Means Over 35ppb) recommended by WHO (2008). Based on CMAQ/REAS simulations, the estimated all-cause premature mortality in 2005 is about 13,000 (95% CI: 4320-17,300) cases. This value is 2.5 times greater than the estimated premature mortality based on monitored ozone concentrations, which is 5220 (95% CI: 1740-6960) cases. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.